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Monday, October 24, 2016

The musicians proved that Lena would have died anyway

Exactly 185 years ago, in October of 1831, Pushkin finished the so-called “Onegin’s letter to Tatyana”, thus putting the final point in his “encyclopedia of Russian life” — the novel in verse “Eugene Onegin”. Knowing the love of the people for formal dates, we decided to approach the matter informally first, the “without MIC” interviewed his friends in the cultural environment, whether they have read at all “Onegin” after school? Let’s be honest: 99% of hands did not take. Then we thought: why not just modernize the poem, not to cast it in the faces, where the Quartet (the number of main characters) some well-known figures would be made by counsel (a critic?) their characters?

N. V. Kuzmin


∎ Eugene Onegin and Boris Andrianov, a leading Russian cellist, pupil of Shakhovskoy and Geringas, the founder of the country’s first cello festival VIVACELLO.

∎ Tatiana Larina — Yulianna Avdeeva, a brilliant pianist, repeated the feat of such icons as Bella Davidovich and Martha Argerich, winning in 2010, the famous piano competition. Chopin in Warsaw. To this point in the post-Soviet space did not close more than one.

∎ Vladimir Lensky — Michael Kosenkov, conductor of the state orchestra of the Republic of Tatarstan; member of the International charitable Fund them. Evgeny Svetlanov.

∎ Olga Larina Elena Privalova-Epstein, a well-known organist, musicologist, founder of the festival “Organ evenings in Kuskovo”, member of expert Council of “Golden mask” (2011-2013). Lives in Latvia, Riga is the organist of the Church SV. Paul.

The choice fell on the well-known musicians. Why? “Eugene Onegin” is unusually firmly in music history: Opera and concerts on this subject just don’t go on the posters. In addition, the more educated musicians among the actors and artists who studied and lived abroad are not focused on themselves, capable of non-trivial actions, appreciate the idea more than a dull philosophizing. And even then, sometimes the very phrase “Eugene Onegin” bring people into the governmental and well-known a stupor, as if they were asked to remove the rat from the bucket, not to run diagonally “great work”. But those who agreed (but agreed just the best), of course, anyway ill work and developed this through his judgment. So…

photo: From personal archive
Michael Kosenkov.

■ ■ ■

Include “the principle of Tarantino’s” — feeding episodes according to our internal drama, rather than their linear sequence Pushkin, and go!

Introduction of Onegin and Lensky in the village

Onegin: My hero is bad; by nature he was given the charm, which he abuses, to satisfy his lust, and then he falls into melancholy: “in the beauties he didn’t fall, and was dragged like anything” — that I could apply to myself a couple of years ago before meeting his second wife, till she fell in love seriously. And before that: well, there’s a woman — well, no — Yes, okay. Drugs did not exist, what else is bored try? And that gave way to the village, especially inherited from her uncle came…

Olga: It was a village, to make friends was not with anyone. That’s right — “nothing to do”. Onegin was just avoiding everyone, and Lena even though he was sociable, but in other things he lacked education and training. “So upbringing, thank God, we wonder to Shine”. And Onegin knew how to present herself.

photo: From personal archive
Boris Andrianov.

Lena: My character believed in true friendship. It brought them together. Was convinced that friends will go to sacrifice for the other. And the victim is blind — a fine lyrical Lensky did not notice that they are absolute opposites. But them together was easy and free.

Onegin: Why are they together? The unity of opposites. It was something to argue about. Onegin is condescending to Lena and his love, no television, too, so they started in each other to dig. Onegin goes, this little act of vengeance releases lube Like a big brother. Lensky with Olga had been sick even before his arrival. And here Onegin in the beginning of this whole drama asks: “where are You spending your evening? At The Larins? I can not understand. A simple Russian family… Jam, eternal conversation about the rain, about flax, about a barnyard”. And it hurts thus pride Lena. And then — even worse: going to visit Onegin all bored, drinking cranberry water, his belly bursting, to the toilet he needs faster. And come out and say: “In terms of Olga’s life no… Round, red face, like that stupid moon on that stupid horizon.” Specifically walked through it, knowing that Lena indifferent… ungentlemanly. And Lena knew that. Remember, when the hour struck.

Olga: I’m Not sure that Onegin was Lena’s big brother. Even years the difference is small: Onegin at the time of the duel 23-24, Lena — 18. I think the whole friendship is gone from Lena: reading Schiller and Goethe, Vladimir put Eugene in the romantic aura of high heroics, firmly believing it to be another, which, alas, did not consider himself Onegin in relation to Lena: “But there is no friendship that is between us. All prejudices streba, we honor all zeros, and the units themselves.”

N. V. Kuzmin

Tatiana is not a woman-mother

Onegin: Tatiana — yeah, it’s the personification of all the mysteries of the Russian soul, the very soft, very Russian…

Olga: Oh I don’t know — what a picture, what an example… Tatiana has no children, even after marriage with the General. Really no family. She’s defective. She is note! — do not speak Russian. Wrote letters and read novels in French. She may be the personification of Russia, but that, when the literary language was not Russian — and it was up to the literary as time Pushkin! So what kind of Russia are we talking? A mystery to me what these “values” have been sung by Tatiana. If she’s shy, why not come to the family, to procreation? Perhaps the fact that Pushkin was raised by a nanny and not the mother — the same with Tatiana, so family values for him didn’t matter. And what had? How she behaved at social events and balls? Yes, Pushkin sings in her status knagin But it’s not a woman-mother.

Tatiana: I can’t literally compare with Pushkin’s Tatiana. Because each person has their own form of self-realization, a space where he considers himself a king. Of course, during the “Onegin” did not have to wait for women any serious career achievements. Some female independence, understanding that women, too, can something just come into fashion via George sand and the like. So I understand the fulfillment of Tatiana is that she was married. But at the same time and don’t understand her because of her husband she doesn’t love.

Onegin: From-for it all happened? Don’t know But no wonder the novel is still called “Eugene Onegin”, not “Tatiana Larina”, because the very bright Onegin, Pushkin saw in him and myself too, it’s all a bit autobiographical. Tatiana sets off all the problems that have Onegin, his Holiness, never lied to myself and nick Looked out the window. Came up with this Onegin. But she’s the second character, still the second.

Tatyana: Such characters as Onegin, at that time could be many. There’s nothing unique. And it is very interesting why Pushkin calls the novel “Eugene Onegin”, not “Tatiana Larina”: after all, the most interesting, deep way — it is she, not he. And Onegin for us, the readers, exist only through the prism of Tatiana — that her feelings for him, and beget him into the light. And it exists only until such time as thinking about it Tatiana.

Olga: For me Tatiana is a typical example of a sociopath, a person, introvert. In the village it was interesting for her just alone, with a book, well a little more with the nanny. All introverts get their energy solely from yourself. The counterweight Olga — cheerful, sociable, playful. Tanya — closed a girl, then a girl, shy, loud gatherings. At the time of the “Moscow bride” she was about eighteen. By the way, and the spouse got for her “perfect” is an old General, not passionate and not passionate, but calm and measured, which for an introvert is “bad”.

Tatyana’s letter to Onegin: why is it opened?

Tatiana: I can’t understand why she revealed her feelings to Onegin? I do not like it. The idea is that if so to think, Lensky because of this letters and died.

Onegin: “it’s time — she fell in love.” Hormones. And he was a terrible egotist. She told him in a letter all about it about it. And he said in answer, all about itself Yes about itself. And who should open it was? It was so high that she could not afford to keep it. Who? The nurse, who damn not understand? Parents could not… personal Psychologist she was not. Sitting in the village… Only he could write.

Olga: why Onegin was supposed to fall in love with Tatiana? Only for the fact that it opened? A letter to the public not betrayed at all to burn it had to be, because it is a scandal: actually, Tatiana asked him myself, and God forbid it would have learned in society! It is now cohabitation, civil unions, and then the publicity would be tantamount to flight. What then Moscow, what social events! She, like Natasha Rostov, had to hide in the wilderness. She was lucky that he did nobly: not loved, but not used, although the first had done dozens of times.

Tatiana: Perhaps the refusal to love Onegin Tatiana was still a noble step from his side.

Onegin: Said sincerely: well what kind of a husband? He did not expensive. She is immature and he is ripe! He is full of himself filedependency, and she’s a hillbilly…

Olga: Claims to being a nanny! Did not notice, did not understand; she wasn’t supposed to take the letter, it was necessary to intercept and destroy or tell it to your mom. This is a mistake of parenting: children were engaged not parents, and strange people. And dreams of a child who is not able to cope with the feelings, gave himself.

The forerunner of the duel: dust-Tatiana’s birthday

Tatiana: a Prophetic dream on the eve of Tatyana’s name day is a small excursion into folk and fairy tales, and all this faith in tradition or conjecture — a very Russian theme. And as this belief in omens and visions combined with faith in God — this moment is for me unresolved. Although I have the signs there. If the notes before the concert or rehearsal fell on the floor, they must sit down. Otherwise something can go wrong. As for the dream, her subconscious warns of Onegin can be expected trick! But at the moment of waking she does not think about it…

Olga: Before Onegin settled down, exactly like Olga liked him. Flower untouched, naive, cheerful, playful. She had duties, she poured the tea and did it with pleasure. Tatiana is in my dreams it is not clear what, and Olga all the earth, it is a sample — what a woman ought to be; sincerely communicate with Onegin, not knowing what hurts your fiance. Because Onegin for her continued Lensky, his friend…

Tatiana: I don’t think that Olga is a bad thing. This sort of ladies Pushkin knew a lot, so a detailed description of the refused to give. Olga is not something that deserves attention… She’s a joke, you might say. I even felt from Pushkin a condemnation Olga for her coquetry Tatiana’s birthday. Although to condemn her is not worth it. She is still very young. And attention General important Onegin she was flattered.

Onegin: Onegin hate it when love it. And here he came for Tatiana’s birthday, begins to care for Olga in retaliation Lena, sitting, and hate that Tatiana’s confusion, not understanding what was happening… He feels that the wild energy of its awkwardness and intentionally screws up.

Olga: Onegin was angry at Lena for what he lured him into a bad crowd; Lena, then asked him sincerely, not knowing of Tatyana’s passion. And here Onegin revenge “friend”, choosing the most close to him…

Onegin: Yes, isn’t Olga’s fault that led to the machinations of Onegin? Yes any girl her age would have done exactly the same, she just didn’t pay attention to it.

After the duel: why Lena quickly forgot

Onegin: Well, killed Lensky — and that it is now? Especially in the framework of the novel Pushkin’s Lensky was not much more interesting than Olga. Well, would have married Olga, they would have lived safely — what is the interest? Lena is simple, he played figure in this story. Therefore, Pushkin and treats him so easily. And talent Lensky, his talent was not in this film, with its bell — event. Still b, stay alive, would be sitting in County for forty years with gout and a bunch of kids. What? Finished life would be normal.

Lena: I think Lena would not be able to grow into a great poet. No. Well, I would write, staying in middling. And this purely secular way of life would be alien to him over time.

Olga: Why Pushkin did not attach much importance to the talent of Lena? Here it is interesting. Pushkin kills two Lena. First, he buries poet — like, we don’t know who he would have become a mediocrity or a genius? And secondly, Pushkin kills a man, speaking about the expected gout in forty years, the doctors and everything, makes fun of in the novel the bond of marriage in principle. Family Pushkin does not give a damn. Pushkin earthiness alien. And talent — Yes! He writes about Onegin — “Or became a poet, to confess that something would have to lend!”. Periodically tries to give the characters of this gift, not denying anyone, leaving it, however, for themselves. At the beginning of the novel glorifies their own “Ruslan and Lyudmila”, this ode to himself.

Tatiana: Well, Olga is why all life should at the grave of Lena to walk and crying over him? She never was able to come the needs of the domestic was not alone, choosing the path of sacrifice, as Tatiana.

Olga: Pushkin said that “the two friends” went to the grave. Besides Tatiana and Olga, who could it be? They honestly took the mourning. And then Ulan achieved Her location, and Ulan achieved, not Olga twirling tail. Then her fate has not changed much — she was married to the military, went with him to the regiment.

Before Tatiana comes Onegin essence: “it is not a parody?”

Tatiana: My character sees all these books, the atmosphere in the house Onegin and understands a lot. Onegin is such a witty, and actually it is empty man, nothing serious and present in it, there’s no hard feelings, he is not able to build a serious relationship. But this suddenly opened a void Onegin Tatyana does not stop. When you love someone, you don’t think about the negative. Love is not for the good quality and not bad quality. Just love. The expression “love is blind” in this case, very accurate. Tatiana loves his ideal. Not Onegin, as a specific subject and his youthful idea of the characters of the novels. And this is its tragedy.

Yulianna Avdeeva.

Olga: Tatiana, coming home to Onegin, fumbled, in fact, in his dirty linen, he read the notes he did in the books with a pencil. And notes in the margins is at the same time as a personal diary. Tatiana learned the guts of Eugene, but the easier it became.

Tatiana: Everything mysterious it seems to people very attractive and I including. Metropolitan Onegin with their provincial manners blinded Tatiana, it was new to her circle: talks openly what he thinks; it’s not easy to calculate, to scan. It is a pity that in Onegin it was only a shell.

Olga: Tatiana’s Sacrifice? And what is the sacrifice? She was a fine lady, her noble husband, the wealth, its much more revered than other men lower her bow, ladies are looking for companionship. A real socialite. No children, no full-fledged family. This image is rather relevant today for many girls — who want to successfully marry a wealthy, not burdening themselves with kids and cares. The same its alleged erudition… we can’t tell — and whether Tatiana is a smart and something else read, except for the frivolous French novels. It was one she came up with an image of Onegin. Pushkin puts it in a rebuke to the father of Tatyana, he didn’t look that reads his daughter.

“Given to another and will never leave him”: the refusal of Onegin

Tatiana: I think that after a letter to Onegin, she begins to despise him, even. They say, your contempt for me was closer than your passion.

Onegin: so in the end he became it, the wife of an important General, to breathe, and she’s not looking, still on three letters sends. He can’t understand why? It is internally started. And she look at him the same glance of a loving woman — all she would have him in a second again became uninteresting! But then the production went to the hands of the hunter. A simple chemical process: as well, she loved me, and then thumbed his nose? And then he’d fall for her. Or rather, not in love, and was annoyed, was forced to look at it with different eyes.

Tatiana: Onegin does, at least in the final? I do not know. Perhaps he feels a great passion, love is unlikely. If people with such contempt all the way to treat people — whether it such a dramatic change in character? I doubt it.

Olga: It was her blatantly dragged, notes passed with the footmen, and could Tatiana shame… General clearly knew. For sure, give them the opportunity to speak, being convinced wife. The nobility, which Onegin was shown at the beginning to Tatyana, it’s here lost.

photo: From personal archive
Elena Privalova-Epstein.

Onegin is a child of the oligarch that have nothing better to do

Onegin: Onegin’s Trying to fit it myself, I understand that all to me it is, frankly, abhorrent, something more interesting. The musicians of the well can not be this Onegin. Here it is three hours sitting in front of the mirror hanging on the balls, he’s got money, he was given a good education all of these madame and mentors-the French. He is a typical metrosexual. A terrible egotist, nothing at all is able… all that can, lead women.

Lenski: Onegin? A very modern man. Dropout. Cool look. Contempt to other people’s feelings. There is love, there is love, have friends, no friends — all one. Our time — to the point.

Olga: you Really have the feeling that Pushkin describes himself in this Onegin. Even burying Lensky, the poet sympathized, showing that he could have two fates. But Onegin has not left any chance for the future.

Onegin: it is Clear that all the women we love in one degree or another, but it should not take a lot of time. But it is hypertrophied, because besides that, nothing. He only touched on slightly and the argument was “since scientists connoisseur”: from Adam Smith quote or snatched from the Greek epic, and the errors. And all this for yourself, a loved one. Lena, even though he studied in Germany, and Onegin was at home with his French, and he’s worn both written sack. All this idleness, when people rage with fat. It can be compared with the children of the current oligarchs.

Lena: Maybe add Onegin Pushkin’s talent would be Pushkin…

Duel: double betrayal Onegin

Onegin: duel at all — a beautiful thing. Chivalrous, hussar, at the cost of life to save the lady’s honor. It is difficult to imagine. Beautiful, but insanely.

Tatiana: No, I’m a pacifist. Prefer solving problems by communicating and reaching agreements. Not near me, when people can cause physical or psychological pain.

Olga: the fact of the duel was for Lena double betrayal. Not only was he in love with Olga, Onegin and he had a high opinion as a friend. And don’t be Eugene in the status of the other, until the duel is not reached b…

Tatiana: Onegin knew this way is wrong, but his stubbornness, fear of looking not so much abused, and how many stupid, they led him to the end.

Olga: Lenski was awake in the night, had been suffering, and Onegin all overslept and got to the second servant that there is a complete disregard for “the other.” Just think, some trifle.

Tatiana: This duel is an alternative reality, uncontrolled mind moves. Why they were not afraid to fight… they did not believe in the reality of the situation. Every soul in a relied on common sense and your “friend”.

Tatiana: Onegin fired the first shot… I think he lost his nerve. Realized that serious Lensky, and Onegin is still chickened out.

Olga: It’s not nerves — Onegin was an experienced duelist. It was just murder. He knew what to shoot first. Of reconciliation and of the question: the opinion of the society for Onegin was more important than human life.

Lenski: Onegin in General Have no sense of guilt, he first coolly pulled the trigger. And Lensky guilt in relation to Eugene is, he doubts: how is it that I, a poet, a Creator, and shoot the person in the other? I think my hero was programmed to die. Not now, so in another moment. The failure would have happened anyway. Clash in real life, very prosaic, could not allow his romance to a different result…

■ ■ ■

Olga: This novel leads to the fact that it is necessary to educate children. And this should be done by parents, not the village nurse, the French and anybody.


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