2016 year will last one second longer than its predecessor. However, by to turn back the clock on this one second earthlings do not have. They will do it experts at the standard time on the night of January 1, 2017. To the decision to lengthen the year came from members of the International Earth rotation service. First, in order to harmonize the move of atomic clocks, initially exceeding the speed of rotation of the Earth, and second, not to “run” far ahead of gradually slowing our planet.
As reported by “MK” at the Institute for physical-technical and Radiotechnical measurements (VNIIFTRI), traditionally, an extra second is added to days of the end of December or in late June — early July. But not annually, and only in the years when nuclear (reference) clock starts to significantly outpace the astronomical due to uneven rotation of our planet. For example, the last two seconds were added on 1 July 2013 and 1 July 2015.
It turns out, the translation arrows this year will be produced, after only a year and a half, not two, as it was done before. This suggests that the Earth began to slow down and, most likely in the next 10 years, this slowdown will continue. This short period of time (such alternate with a 10-year acceleration) will coincide with the global 1000-year-old braking our planet. It can affect the lunar tides, friction, cosmic particles, and many other factors, among which are quite controversial. One of these “incredible” hypothesis States that the earth’s core gradually increases in volume, causing the growing size of the planet and she is forced to slow down.
So, new year’s eve last second of the year will not actually 60th and 61st second of 2016.
Help “MK”. In the average day is 86,400 seconds. However, due to uneven rotation of the Earth every day, “accumulate” or “loses” the fraction of a second. For example, October 1, 2016, the day was equal to 86400 seconds plyus1,325 milliseconds, October 3 a day, added already 1,156 milliseconds, October 5 — 1,044 milliseconds.
Meanwhile, in VNIIFTRI denied popular in social networks “news” that the coming October 2016 will be a unique period that is repeated only once in 825 years. Gullible users supplied as indisputable fact that the main distinguishing feature of the current Oct is the presence of five Mondays, five Saturdays and five Sundays.
Checking this “hypothesis”, scientists gave us the following. October 2016 is not so unique, as they say in the social network. Thus, five Mondays, Saturdays and Sundays there were in December 2013, March 2014 and August 2015. As it “stretched” for 5 weeks of October, and it was not so rare. For example, the last time in the October was in 2011.