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Monday, October 24, 2016

Contusion of the terrorist attack prompted the Royal bodyguard to study sculpture

The historical Museum displays a rare exhibition of works by Russian officers of the XIX century. It used to be called the Golden age of Russian culture, forgetting that this is still the heyday of the officers. And it managed to not only fight, but also to create works of art.

photo: Ksenia Korobeinikova

How come? President of the Academy of fine arts was Fyodor Tolstoy, Lieutenant of the fleet. With its medallions on the events of the Patriotic war of 1812 begins the exposition. And one of the founders of the Society for the encouragement of arts became the General Matvey Dmitriev-Mamonov, who was attracted to the art of military and civilian. His atmospheric picture in the technique of lithography (printing from a flat surface of stone) the spirit of military training to the battle of Leipzig.

If these things are from the Museum’s collection can be seen at any time, the rest of the exhibits — from a private collection — shown for the first time. For example, the gallery of portraits of the Emperor Alexander II, created by his bodyguard Karl Koch.

– He once saved the Emperor from assassination in the Summer garden, in consequence of which he became head of the personal guard from now on his life on the street Alexander II was entrusted to him alone, — says one of the organizers of the exhibition, collector Konstantin Zhuromsky. But on March 13, 1881, the terrorist attack of the people, Koch did not save the Emperor, was wounded, fell ill.

Alexander III allowed him to return to service and were allowed because of a broken head wearing a cap, not put on the status of the helmet. On the background of the concussion Koch showed the ability to sculpting, he became a sculptor. Feeling pangs of conscience due to the fact that it is not saved Alexander II, the wizard until the last days did the sculptures of the members of the Imperial family.

Terracotta and white busts Aleksandrov II and III from the collection of Juraskova — authorship Koch.

Still the public for the first time seem watercolors of hussars on horseback by Alexander Safonov. To draw and sculpt his father taught, who studied sculpture at the Nicholas cavalry school of the famous master Nikolai Liberiha, a disciple of Peter Klodt. Overall, the school is Alexander Safonov was not just any that is felt in his works (sculptures and paintings).

Their work Safonov created on the fronts of the Russo-Japanese war, where he was troop commander.

Watercolors (in the collection of Alexei Yegorov) during the First world war, Safonov, presented to Nikolay II. Along with a petition to send him to the front as a war correspondent. Emperor paintings bought, and the petition said: “If he wants to — let him go, but at their own expense”. The artist went, a lot of sculpted, wrote, and once threw a brush at the right time led the operation. For which he received the order of St. Vladimir 4-th degree. Learning of this, Nicholas II decided to make amends for my incorrectness and reward and another order of Vladimir 2 nd degree.

photo: Ksenia Korobeinikova

By the way, the thumbnail tray regimental gifts, made by the sculptor Nikolay Liberia, too, borrowed from a private collection. These thumbnails of silver and bronze creations were made in a single copy, in the military environment was made to give for special occasions.

photo: Ksenia Korobeinikova

Another of the interesting exhibits — a death mask of Nicholas I by Klodt, checkers, engraved Dragoon officers, and the model of the monument to Emperor Peter I and Ivan Schroeder wins… Such officers of the Russian army reached the fields of culture.

photo: Ksenia Korobeinikova


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