The white house is working to weaken sanctions proposed by the us Congress against Russia and Iran in connection with the situation in Syria. This is with reference to a source in the U.S. Congress, the Washington Post reported. According to the publication, in July the Obama administration proposed the House of representatives (the lower house of Congress) to defer voting on the bill providing for the imposition of sanctions for supporting the regime of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. The white house, sources say Washington Post, did not want to complicate relations with Moscow on the background of cooperation in Syria and Iran – against the prisoner informed of the nuclear deal. Whether the outgoing President Barack Obama to agree on new anti-Russian measures – at least in a compromise for him and congressmen? Why the White house does not support congressmen on this issue? This “MK” talked to an expert.
– The U.S. Congress, due to the fact that it is the legislature, not making foreign policy, recalled in an interview with “MK” head of the Center for foreign policy studies of the mechanism of the US Institute of USA and Canada studies Sergey SAMUYLOV. – This is the sphere of activities of the President, Executive power, foreign ministries. Congress can only set certain limits within which the Executive will pursue its foreign policy of a state.
In virtue of their nature, Executive power, since it is necessary to actually implement foreign policy, to achieve specific foreign policy outcomes more pragmatic. The U.S. Congress against Russia traditionally configured, frankly, Russophobic. In the case of Iran – antiyanqui or iranophobic. Why? Because legislators are not responsible for the consequences of their proposed foreign policy. The foreign policy of congressmen in the first place, determined by their personal beliefs and interests of voters. The latter, by and large, indifferent to foreign policy issues.
What are the chances of new sanctions? The current US administration do not want the deterioration of relations with either Russia or Iran. Obama among his foreign policy achievements for which he could go down in history as one of the main believes of understanding with Tehran on the Iranian nuclear program. But the Republicans in the United States, Israel is still criticized Obama’s policies, believing that the Iranians will go to the deception. The President believes that this will not happen, because the execution of the agreement will be under strict international control.
Obama, even if the bill on sanctions will be passed by both houses of Congress, can veto it. Recently we have seen how the Congress failed to override the veto on the bill about the possibility of lawsuits against Saudi Arabia [in response to the 9/11 terrorist attacks – “MK”], but it’s still a very complicated procedure. A presidential veto is overcome in both chambers by a qualified majority – two thirds of the votes. And that majority is very difficult to achieve: at best the President’s veto is overcome once in ten years. And if Obama and his administration is rigidly opposed to the introduction of some additional sanctions against Russia and Iran, the relevant bills will be blocked.
– Can the White house to soften the bill and the adoption of a certain compromise?
– A compromise is possible. For example, for years the United States Congress adopts the bill on supply of lethal weapons Ukraine. But the White house offers reservation – Obama can sign the bill if it will be present a phrase that all legal actions are feasible only with the consent of the President. That is the last word again remains for Obama. Here is a similar version of the current US administration can accept.
That sanctions against Russia in connection with the situation in Syria can enter and Germany, reports citing its own sources, The Wall Street Journal. According to the newspaper, while the question in Germany is at an early stage of discussion. Official confirmation of information about training German side of the “Syrian” sanctions against Russia have not yet been reported.
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Sanctions . Chronicle of events