The Russian President’s special envoy on the Middle East and Africa Mikhail Bogdanov supported the idea of withdrawing members of the group “Dzhebhat Fatah al-sham” (formerly “Front EN-Nusra”, banned in Russia) from a covered fighting the Syrian Aleppo. Earlier, the proposal was voiced by the special envoy of the UN Secretary General on Syria Staffan de Mistura, who also noted that we are not talking about “surrender” of the militants. Realistic scenario, the proposed de Mistura, and what are the implications of the current Syria situation – especially against the background of statements of the defense Ministry’s readiness to shoot down in Syrian sky any unidentified objects? This “MK” talked to an expert.
In my opinion, Staffan de Mistura at the moment — perhaps the only person who still continues to say sensible things. – said in an interview with “MK” political scientist and orientalist Grigory MELAMED. And, fortunately, Bogdanov supported him. Because, given the speed with which the Syrian area are growing mutual threats between Russia and the United States, the situation is really frightening. I guess no one wants a direct confrontation, and therefore, if there is at least some kind of plan, which is able to defuse the situation in Syria, it is welcomed.
– If Damascus, Moscow and, say, Washington, D.C., will approve of the idea of Staffan de Mistura, is it possible that the militants “Dzhebhat Fatah al-sham” leave Aleppo? And would they do it?
– In principle, the main area where the militants “Dzhebhat Fatah al-sham” have been greatly supported by the local civilian population – Idlib province (bordering with the province of Aleppo, located 40 km West of the city of Aleppo – “MK”). Therefore, it is likely that they will want to go to there and there to concentrate. In addition, the fighting in Eastern Aleppo, about which much has been reported lately, being with the insurgents “Fath-Aleppo”, which with the former “Front EN-Nusra” has nothing in common (unity of “Fatah-Aleppo” – “Liberation of Aleppo” – was formed just over a year ago and includes several rebel groups – “MK”). Therefore, this scenario is quite realistic.
– You mentioned about the rise of tension between Russia and the United States on the Syrian track. Would not further complicate the statement of the Russian defense Ministry’s readiness to shoot down any unidentified objects in the skies over Syria?
– As this situation develops only through aggravation. I have the feeling that both sides – Moscow and Washington – want to get to some extreme point and wait, who in the last moment frightened. This, in my opinion, a very dangerous scenario. I would like to believe that this extreme point will be followed by a resumption of cooperation. I think Americans are much more interested in this. They are currently thinking more about the election. And the democratic party is now more profitable, if before the election there will be nothing special.