The head of the Pentagon Ashton Carter has said it is ready to spend billions of dollars in order to present “surprises” in the Asia-Pacific region. Recipients are clear: Russia in the list of “major difficulties” for the United States and China, which in this list in second place. Russian-Chinese exercises in the South China sea have become a pretext for alarmist sentiments. But not if the Pentagon is exaggerating the size of the risk?
The United States intends in the next five years to spend tens of billions of dollars to give a “few surprises” in the Asia-Pacific region for peace, stability and progress”, said the Minister of defense Ashton Carter.
“The situation in East Asia is somewhat similar to the situation in the middle East, where the crumbling of the American plans, and Washington is getting nervous”
Speaking to the crew of the aircraft carrier “Carl Vinson” on the basis of the United States Navy in San Diego, California, the Pentagon chief said that re-equipment for aircraft, submarine, torpedo and other systems, cyber weapons and spacecraft, reports TASS.
It is possible to assume, against whom is this re. 7 September, the head of Carter in a speech at Oxford said that Russia by its actions allegedly seeking to disrupt the established world order. Earlier, the Pentagon announced that Russia heads the list of the five main difficulties for America, ahead of China, North Korea, Iran and terrorist group “Islamic state*”.
It is impossible not to take into account the context in which sounded current statement of Carter on the “surprises”. On 12 September, the navies of Russia and China began joint military exercises “Sea interaction – 2016” in the disputed Spratly archipelago in the South China sea. It is noted that the disputed territory is attracting increased attention from the us military that causes a reaction in China.
Moscow, in turn, concerned about the deployment plans in the Asia-Pacific region (APR) of the new position area of the global U.S. missile – this, in particular, had previously stated Deputy defense Minister of Russia Anatoly Antonov. “Such short-sighted steps can lead to devastating from the standpoint of stability in the region consequences,” – said the Deputy head of the defense Ministry.
What surprises should we expect from the Pentagon to the Pacific ocean and surrounding countries?
“More lethal and efficient”
Ashton Carter, in a speech to Navy officers mentioned the consent of South Korea by next year to host the us missile defense system THAAD, which is “a Testament to the evolution of the US Alliance – Republic of Korea”.
Carter referred to the programme of technical re-equipment of troops in the region.
“We make our submarines of class “Virginia” more lethal and efficient by tripling their Arsenal of cruise missiles, sea-launched (slcm) “Tomahawk”, – informed the chief of the Pentagon. We also will increase funding for production of unmanned underwater vehicles of different sizes and capacity”. These “drones” are able to act more effectively in shallow water where powerless to pass an ordinary submarine. According to Carter, is only part of the over 40 billion dollars of appropriations that his Department will spend the next five years to maintain the most efficient in the world submarine fleet.
Then the head of Pentagon, said: “We are committed to placing in the Asia Pacific region by 2020, 60% of its naval and air forces stationed overseas”.
McCain returns to Vietnam
The Pentagon now sends to the additional tens of thousands of troops, said Ashton Carter. In particular, initiated the realignment of the marine corps by transferring from Okinawa (where is the main “point of concentration” of the us military in the Asia Pacific region) on the Pacific island of GUAM, in the same latitude, and the disputed waters of the South China sea. GUAM performs the role of strategic hub,” said the Pentagon chief.
Add 15 June it was reported that East Asia would send additional ships of the third fleet of the U.S. Navy. Reuters noted that this news came amid tensions between the US and China related to the situation in the South China sea.
In current speech, Carter announced that the coast of Vietnam sent the destroyer “John McCain”. Explain, the ship is named in honor of John McCain, Jr., and John McCain Sr., two admirals of the U.S. Navy, father and grandfather of Senator McCain’s party of the Vietnam war, whose name in recent years has become almost a household word as the designation “hawk”warlord. “Yesterday I spoke on the phone with Senator (John McCain III) about the historical value of this cruise ship,” said Carter.
Vietnam, which in 60-70th years of the last century has experienced a severe war against the United States, is now an important purchaser of American arms – as indicated and Ashton Carter in June of this year. “U.S. cooperation with Vietnam has strengthened considerably, – stated in the address the chief of the Pentagon. We recently lifted the ban on the supply of lethal weapons to Vietnam with the aim of providing greater access to military equipment that they will ever need”.
We should not forget that Vietnam is the main competitor of China in the struggle over disputed Islands in the South China sea. According to some, the Vietnamese placed on the controlled part of the disputed archipelago of the rocket of distant radius of action.
In addition, this country obviously becomes a field of competition between Russia and the United States.
Do not interfere in the dispute, but warned Americans
A month and a half ago, announcing the exercises in the South China sea, a spokesman of the defense Ministry of China Yang Yujun diplomatically warned: “exercise is not directed against third countries.” But for the first time in the history of the Russian and Chinese combat fleet will appear near the already mentioned the Spratly archipelago (in Chinese, Nansha), which with China I bet almost all the neighbors. In addition to China and Vietnam, is a traditional U.S. allies in the region – Taiwan and the Philippines, but also Malaysia and Brunei.
As previously noted the newspaper VIEW, Russia is not intervening in disputes about the Spratly Islands, has demonstrated its solidarity with China and condemns the American intervention in the Affairs of the Asia-Pacific region.
We will remind, for participation in military exercises in China came to the detachment of combat ships of the Pacific fleet in the large anti-submarine ship (BPK) “Admiral Tributs”, “Admiral Vinogradov”, landing ships “Peresvet”, sea tug Alatau and tanker “Pechenga”. Commander – the commander of the Seaside flotilla of the Pacific fleet, rear Admiral Vadim to Kulit.
According to the United command staff exercises, the event will involve two submarines of the Navy of the people’s liberation army of China, up to 20 surface ships, 20 aircraft and helicopters, over 250 Marines, 12 armored personnel carriers and armored amphibians.
Russian-Chinese naval exercises in the waters of the South China sea are designed to restore balance in the region, violated the cooperation between the US and Japan, said Chinese military expert song Zhongping in an article published by Singapore newspaper the Straits Times. Sun also noted “the desire of Moscow to take the side of Beijing in exchange for economic, political and geopolitical support from China in terms of sanctions of the West.”
However, another Chinese expert, Professor at Jinan University Zhang Minlan believes that “teaching would become a negative moment in the process of building China’s relations with ASEAN”. According to him, “member countries of the Association has previously expressed concern about the maneuvers of China in the South China sea, and now another major power (Russia) appears in the area”. The expert also noted that “the small States in the region are unlikely to welcome the holding of these exercises.
Yet not comparable to the American
How to grow world military rashoditsya to equalize the combat capabilities of its fleet with the us, China will need about 15 years, says a military expert, first Vice-President of Academy of geopolitical problems, captain first rank of reserve Konstantin Sivkov.
“Technical capabilities of the Chinese Navy not comparable with the us. At the moment China has modern destroyers and frigates, nuclear Navy of China is in its infancy, the Chinese aircraft carrier “Liaoning” inferior in performance even to the Russian counterparts,” – said the expert newspaper VIEW. Add that the aircraft carrier “Liaoning” is the former Soviet and then Ukrainian aircraft carrier which bore the names Riga and Varyag. In 2013 converted “Liaoning” has successfully tested and commissioned.
Sivkov notes that at present, China is carrying out active work on modernization of the fleet.
Second, the Chinese aircraft carrier is under construction at the shipyard in Dalian (distant) and should be launched in 2018. Another battle ship of this class built at the shipyards of Shanghai. Beijing plans to start construction of large nuclear powered aircraft carriers similar to those that are in service with the US Navy. According to experts, was commissioned and built over two dozen destroyers, equipped with anti-aircraft missile systems long range – this indicator of the Chinese Navy has exceeded that of the Soviet Navy.
China is expanding its geographical presence in the World ocean. In particular, the report of the Pentagon in 2014 with anxiety, it was noted that the Indian ocean was spotted a Chinese nuclear submarine project 093 “Shang” and submarines of the Song class.
It is not excluded military provocations
Head of the Centre for South-East Asia, Australia and Oceania Institute of Oriental studies Dmitry Mosyakov believes that analyzing the situation in South-East Asia, the States can not fail to understand that the project of creating a “cordon Sanitaire” around China from Vietnam, the Philippines, Thailand, Myanmar and other countries failed.
“Americans do not trust anybody, and to quarrel with China, no one is committed. The President of the Philippines Rodrigo ROA Duterte is currently negotiating with China, is looking for ways of peaceful settlement of the territorial dispute in the South China sea. United States in the Asia Pacific region may be in a geopolitical vacuum. Other States are also striving to adopt a balanced position between USA and China, do not go for confrontation with Beijing,” – said the expert newspaper VIEW.
In his opinion, the situation in East Asia is somewhat similar to the situation in the middle East, where the crumbling of the American plans, and Washington is getting nervous. “Let me remind you that about the dangers of Chinese expansion and the need to “return to Asia” announced in 2011, Hillary Clinton. Economically to compete with China in this region is difficult because China has large investment resources, plus influential diasporas in all countries of the Asia-Pacific region, there is only saber-rattling”, – the expert believes. Moscow does not exclude that in the future, States can begin to apply military provocations against China to push Beijing to a hard and hasty response.
* Organization in respect of which the court accepted entered into legal force decision on liquidation or ban the activities on the grounds stipulated by the Federal law “On countering extremist activity”