The Muslims of Russia can finally unite under a common origin. Reports the creation of a Russian spiritual Board, headed by mufti of Tatarstan Kamil Samigullin. Some experts believe that this structure will be a counterweight to the growing influence of the Wahhabis and the emissaries of ISIS. Other doubt: mufti Talgat Tadzhuddin, announced this Association may be wishful thinking.
Russian Muslim community is combined into a single structure. Supreme mufti of Russia appointed the head of the spiritual administration of Muslims of Tatarstan Kamil Hazrat Samigullin. This was announced on Thursday, the head of the Central spiritual administration of Muslims (tsdum), Talgat Tadzhuddin, who until that moment held a post of the Grand mufti – but “version” of this structure.
“Back in the mid-forties, Stalin on the table lay a plan to create a single Muftiate Soviet center in Moscow”
Explain that in today’s Russia, as well as in the Soviet Union, there was a single and indivisible spiritual administration of Muslims. In particular, in Russia, there were three major structures: tsdum with the center in Ufa, the Council of Muftis of Russia (SMR, which is based on the Spiritual administration of Muslims of Russia with the center in Moscow), as well as the Coordination center of Muslims of the North Caucasus (KTSMSK).
Now, according to mufti Tadzhuddin, tsdum, CMP and the independent Muftiyat of Tatarstan together into a centralized Muslim organization, which will have five leaders.
“We agreed fundamentally with Ravil-khazrat Gainutdin (head of CMP) that spiritual control, combine these, all are members of the Council of Muftis of Russia. And the Council of Muftis of Russia (spiritual control), which there now is, are part of these. Thus, the Council of Muftis of Russia is an Advisory body of Muslims of Russia, Ravil Gainutdin, the Chairman, (…) there will be to enter all heads of the spiritual administrations of Muslims of Russia”, – explained the essence of the reform, Talgat Tadzhuddin.
Independent Spiritual administration of Muslims (DUM) of the Republic of Tatarstan was chosen as one of the foundations of the new Association is likely due to the fact that this structure is the largest number of registered communities in Russia, and that the Tatarstan DUM has a noticeable impact on the Russian Ummah.
Add that on Thursday in Kazan, the representatives of the DUMAS of Tatarstan together with the Republican UFSIN and the Russian Islamic University has reported about the done work: in 2013 more than 70 employees of the Federal penitentiary service of different regions of Russia were trained in the discipline of “Islamic studies” on the basis of Kazan Federal University. “In the classroom includes issues of combating terrorism and extremism and to identify students of radical currents in Islam,” – said Kazan media.
“Will be responsible for checking the literature for the presence of extremism”
Tatarstan mufti Samigullin, becoming the mufti of all Russia, “will be responsible for the fatwa (Sharia fatwa – a legal position or decision on any public, political or legal issue – approx. OPINION), for the preparation and control of training programs in theological schools”. In addition, the mufti will be responsible “for the publication of literature and her check for the presence of extremism”.
Note that as recently as 18 December in the Altai region, on the border of Kazakhstan and Russian border guards seized literature allegedly extremist content that was imported into Russia of foreign citizens – and this is not the first case of its kind.
Thus it is necessary to recall the recent scandal that broke out due to the judge’s decision southern-the Sakhalin court recognized “extremist” book “Supplication (du’a) to God: its significance and place in Islam”. According to the head of Chechnya, Ramzan Kadyrov, in particular, the “extremist” was named quotes two verses of the Qur’an. Kadyrov called the referee a “provocateur, attempting to blow up the situation in the country” and “Shaitan”. The head of Ingushetia, Yunus-Bek Yevkurov, condemned the court’s decision. On 18 November, the Federation Council approved earlier by the state Duma adopted the presidential law, which prohibits to recognize the contents of the Bible, the Koran, the Jewish Tanakh and the Buddhist Kanjur and quotes from them extremist.
“The pseudo and quick on the judge’s decision ridiculous ban provide a different kind of “forest” and “the wilaya DAYS” arguments of incredible power,” – said the representative of the Council of Muftis of Russia, chief of staff of the Spiritual administration of Muslims of Russia Ildar Nurimanov, speaking on 3 December in the state Duma, the round table “observance of the rights of Muslims in Russia: status and forecasts”. According to the representative of the Council of Muftis, “banning the Quran, the hadith and the classical biographies of the Prophet (peace be upon him), the writings of the great scholars of Islam, denying the right of believers to build mosques and wear girls hijab, they literally documented the demagoguery of the extremists on fundamental hostility of Russia Islam and the need to wage armed Jihad.”
“The community of Tadzhuddin no Imam-extremist”
If the new United Islamic structure will be created so, says Talgat Tadzhuddin, it can become a counterweight to the growing influence of Wahhabi and Salafi preachers, emissaries of the so-called “Islamic state”, said in comments the newspaper VIEW Director of the human rights center of world Russian people’s Council, member of the expert Council for conducting state religious expertise at the Ministry of justice Roman Silantyev.
“Many in the community of Tadzhuddin no Imam is terrorist or extremist, while the Gainutdin this year alone, three imams joined the ranks of the terrorists, and only about twenty of them, despite the fact that the community Gainutdin much less,” said Silantyev.
Meanwhile, he believes that Gaynutdin unlikely to make this Association, because Tajuddin offers him to forget about his ambitions and go in his submission.
“But in recent months, the structure of Tadzhuddin has increased, very well behaved during the crisis in Turkey, while Gainutdin handled it completely wrong, in fact Erdogan is supporting, so that the sympathy of the authorities now on the side of Tadzhuddin. It is possible that some hints from the authorities about this he received,” – said the source.
In a critical situation Tajuddin is supported Putin, not the Turks, specifies Silantyev. “If he’s given carte Blanche to sweep the Muslim communities from the Wahhabis, they would have done. At least he feels in control. But knowing Gainutdin, I believe, will be very hard intrigue, and it is unlikely that the Association will be held”, – said Roman Silantyev.
The source agrees with the view that the proposed merger is seen as a political move and thus Tajuddin gives the signal that his spiritual administration was so strengthened that offers to restore the unity of the Tatar Muslims under its auspices”.
In turn, the rector of the Moscow Islamic Institute Damir Khairetdinov called the statement of Tajuddin “very premature.” He believes that even in these the Supreme mufti of the organizations are not aware of this statement. However, he agrees that, whether created by such a structure, it could play a significant role in countering radicalism and extremism.
Khairetdinov also recalled that in the mid-forties, Stalin on the table lay a plan to create a single Muftiate Soviet center in Moscow. While in the Soviet Union was much more extensive and disparate Muslim community.
“But because of the diversity of these vectors, or because of fear of the Soviet leadership the plan was never implemented. Eventually became four of the mufti in the Soviet Union, one in the North Caucasus in particular, and the other in Ufa. After the collapse of the Soviet Union formed many new ones that wanted to recognize the authority of the Ufa mufti,” reminded Khairetdinov the newspaper VIEW.
According to him, a few years ago I developed configuration: the unification of the Muftiate of the North Caucasus on the one hand, tsdum and the Council of Muftis of Russia on the other.
“But then a number of apparatchiks have decided that three is too stable structure, and we need to make it possible to manipulate as a ping-pong table, and has created a number of sham organizations, one of which was based on three wards in the Penza region and a couple of parishes in the villages of Stavropol territory… And it was serving the President and the Prime Minister as an equal structure with Tadjuddin, Gainutdin, etc when in the end all this nonsense burst then around 2010 the idea arose of uniting all of the existing mufti in one.”
But all this did not go beyond talk, because sometimes, unfortunately, there is the human factor and other circumstances. Today the subject of such an Association is absolutely not worked, she has no chance in the long run. Even just to join the Council of Muftis of Russia with the Central spiritual administration of Muslims without a thorough, hard, serious study of this question is impossible,” says Khairetdinov, adding that the statement of Tajuddin – “purely impromptu that the mufti is famous all over the country: he invited Israel and Syria to join Russia, then declare Jihad on America.”
In Islam there is no direct analogue of the Christian Church with its hierarchy and separateness from secular society. The term “Ummah” means a community of believers. No, actually, “spiritual estate” – its function performed by the scholars (including imams) and jurists. To Muslim jurists and Muftis are – entitled to make decisions on religious matters and a clarification of “enforcement” of Sharia.
The spiritual administration of the Muslims – especially the Russian Institute. The first Spiritual authority was established in 1789, by decree of Empress Catherine II On the establishment of the Orenburg Mohammedan spiritual Assembly”. In the USSR there was independent from each other the spiritual administration of Muslims of Central Asia and Kazakhstan, Transcaucasia, the Northern Caucasus, as well as the administration of Muslims of European part of USSR and Siberia (centered in Ufa, since 1980 headed by Talgat tadjutdin). On the basis of the latter and was created these.
The Council of Muftis of Russia (SMR) with the center in Moscow, led by mufti Sheikh Ravil Gainutdin, established in 1996.
The coordination center of Muslims of the North Caucasus (KTSMSK), and independent from these, and from the CMP, established in August 1998, its current chief, mufti of Karachay-Cherkessia Ismail Berdiyev.