Ex-Finance Minister Alexei Kudrin has proposed to postpone indefinitely to raise the salaries of teachers and doctors, which require the “may decrees” of Vladimir Putin. Today, most regions are not able to increase by 2018 to 1.5 times the income of government employees are not gaining new loans and debts. Therefore, such a turn is highly probable. At least to freeze for the next three years in salaries of officials is almost solved.
International investment forum “Sochi-2016”. Photo: goverment.ru
“In order to increase wages while not increasing income, we must reduce the repairs of schools, provision of equipment and relevant materials for hospitals, explained his thought Alexei Kudrin at the International investment forum “Sochi-2016”. — This is a dangerous maneuver. I would do a longer period for the execution of these decrees was postponed to more optimally perform in a compressed budget these obligations.“
Kudrin is not the first one to speak about the partial freezing of the “may decrees” of 2012. Something like that sounded, including from the powers that be. For example, in January 2015 from the mouth of the then Governor of the Amur region Oleg Kozhemyako at a government meeting in Gorki near Moscow. He proposed to introduce the moratorium on execution of decree on gradual increase of salaries of workers of budgetary sphere. First of all — doctors and teachers.
Then Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev listened to all this with a straight face and did not react.
Was it possible to imagine that two years ago? And how long he stayed in his chair Kozhemyako after such “sedition”? But he, on the contrary, expressed his full trust, later appointed head of the Sakhalin instead of the former thieving Governor.
Logic Kudrin and others like him understood. On the background of General economic slowdown, reduction in regional income where the subjects in the next year and a half to borrow money to increase salaries? Only to take.
Thus at the end of 2015, the total amount of debt of all Russian regions increased by 11% to 2,318 trillion rubles. It is absolutely stable trend. In 2014, the national debt has increased by 20%, in 2013 — 28.6%, in 2012 — by 15%. The low debt level observed only in the nine regions is 10%. Little solace can only serve what is now a cheap budget credits in lieu of commercial loans issued earlier.
However, will “freeze” Vladimir Putin, whose most elections in 2018? In principle this is possible. ‘ve suggested the Ministry of Finance in early September to limit the salaries of public servants for the next three years of inflation. Of course, while this measure does not apply to teachers, doctors, cultural workers. But the first step is the hardest.
Do not forget that the Finance Ministry has attempted yet another “sacred cow” proposing to cut defense spending in the next three years by 6%. In the struggle with the budget deficit is all good.
By the way, at the Sochi investment forum, Finance Minister Anton Siluanov announced very original neologism — “dietary budget”. However, he promised not to change the current tax system, working over revenues through improved administration.
Progress in this direction. For 8 months of the year 2016, the consolidated budget received nearly 9.4 trillion. Growth was the main taxes: personal income tax, 7.4%, VAT — by 4.9%, the profit tax by 4%, excise tax — by 25.5%. In the next year due to the consolidation of insurance contributions to the unified social tax, the tax will probably increase these fees.
As always pointedly commented on this whole pile of problems, the head of Sberbank German Gref. He said that “stock for the reluctance of reform ends, and no other way left. Next year will be even harder to start, and two will have to do it in shock mode. Another would be to understand what specific reforms Gref was referring to…