During the International Astronautical Congress in Guadalajara, the billionaire founder of SpaceX Elon Musk spoke about the prospects of colonization of Mars. In the opinion of engineer and owner, flying to the Red planet will be very dangerous, especially for first travellers, but one day can become the best chance for survival of mankind.
Elon Musk expressed hope that the current generation will be able to realize an old dream of mankind about the colonization of Mars. He predicted that no more than a century (and maybe only in 40 years) on our neighboring planet will move more than a million earthlings. This, in particular, will allow humanity as a species to survive in the event of a global catastrophe that would destroy life on Earth — according to Elon musk, such a scenario is in any case not be discounted.
The entrepreneur believes Mars is the best candidate for the role of the second planet, populated by people — the conditions on Venus is incomparably less suitable for life, the Moon does not have sufficient resources to create a self-sustaining base, and potentially a “comfortable” habitat for the satellites of the gas giants are too far away for their colonization in the near future looked the least bit realistic plan. At the same time, the prospects for the creation of an Autonomous settlement on Mars within a few decades, Elon Musk is not a fantastic considered.
However, the entrepreneur acknowledged that for the successful colonization of the red planet specialists have to solve a number of complex issues. First, the cost of each “ticket” to Mars will be orders of magnitude lower than predicted by experts in the near future: if you now send a man into space travel will cost nearly $ 10 billion, in the future, this amount must be reduced to a few hundred thousand dollars. In particular, according to the Mask, this could contribute to the creation are not disposable, but reusable rockets. The second important task is, in fact, the elaboration of the plan for the establishment of colony on Mars, able to provide for themselves.
Despite the fact that Elon Musk is in General very optimistic about humanity’s chances for the settlement of a neighboring planet, he warned that for the first people going to Mars, the journey will be very dangerous, and even admitted that he would not dare to become a member of the first Martian expedition, even if he was offered the opportunity.
By the way, recently the U.S. Congress has approved a bill under which the American space Agency NASA undertakes to organize the first manned mission and landing on Mars within the next quarter of a century.