Living in Russia hundreds of thousands of Moldovans to vote in the upcoming presidential elections will not exceed 30 thousand. The leader of the socialists Igor Dodon, who is considered Pro-Russian politician and having a chance to become President, accuses the authorities of intentionally depriving migrant workers voting rights. Influence of manipulations of polling stations on the voting?
On Tuesday, the leader of the Moldovan party of socialists (psrm) Igor Dodon accused the authorities of the country in the disenfranchisement of almost 800 thousand labour migrants in Russia. As he said, in the upcoming October 30 presidential election, hundreds of polling stations abroad, only eight will be opened in Russia, where two thirds of Moldovan labour migrants.
“On the territory of Russia is home to about 400 thousand Moldovans, but the unofficial much more”
“According to our data, more than 800 thousand people, although the authorities officially declare about 400 thousand But even in this case, eight stations will be able to vote a maximum of 24 thousand people. The government’s decision is a mockery of these people,” he stated.
According to government regulation, in Italy, where there are about 150 thousand of Moldovan migrants, will open on 25 plots, 11 – in Romania, seven in the U.S., six in France. A few sites will open in Austria, Azerbaijan, Hungary, Belgium, Bulgaria, Germany, Qatar, Lithuania, Monaco, the Netherlands, Poland, Ukraine, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia and Japan.
As explained by the head of the Ministry of foreign Affairs and European integration (MFAEI) of Moldova Andrey Galbur, “the number of polling stations approved after a thorough analysis of the MFA and on the basis of proposals from diplomatic missions and consulates, depending on the accounting data and zonal distribution of citizens of Moldova.” “The main landmark – the number of citizens who have passed the pre-registration procedure for participation in the elections”, – said the Galbur.
That in Russia there are about 400 thousand citizens of Moldova, last week said Deputy Chairman of the Central election Commission Rodica Cibotaru. She noted that during registration, those wishing to vote abroad were able to gather data only about 3570 Moldovans. Now is the time registration is completed.
“From our citizens have not received requests to extend the deadline of pre-registration, increase the number of polling stations or to enable them to vote with expired passports. All citizens of Moldova, eligible to vote outside the country can vote in diplomatic missions. In diplomatic missions of Moldova will be additional lists, and citizens are able to vote on the basis of the passport. Will be allowed only the identification of voters with passports, the validity of which has expired”, she said.
However, the leader of the socialists, which have the largest faction in Parliament, believes that the ruling from 2009, a coalition of Pro-European parties is not interested in improvement of Russian-Moldovan relations. He reminded that the parliamentary elections of 2014 in Russia was opened only five plots. As a result, in the voting day in Moscow at a polling station in the Embassy of Moldova has accumulated tens of thousands of people. Most of them failed to vote, which almost caused riots.
“They deliberately limit the participation in Russia’s voters that they were not able to vote for politicians advocating closer ties with Russia. Meanwhile, the billions of dollars that forward every year to Moldova, our migrant workers from Russia, helping to keep afloat the economy of Moldova, which was destroyed during the reign of the Pro-European coalition”, – said Igor Dodon.
Political opponents of Dodona call him Pro-Russian candidate. He said he does not hide that in case of victory he intends to build constructive relations with Moscow. “I favor statehood, neutrality and the preservation of the Moldovan identity, a strong economy and social justice, for the Orthodox faith and good relations with Russia”, – stated in the CEC at the time of delivery of registration documents.
The government deliberately deprives citizens the right to vote
Moldovan political scientist Vladimir Bukarsky also indicates that, according to the Ministry of foreign Affairs, in Russia there are about 400 thousand Moldovans, but “the unofficial much more”. “All these people, the government of Moldova are deprived of the opportunity to participate in the presidential elections. Let me remind you that in accordance with the electoral code of Moldova for every three thousand people have to rely on one polling station,” – said the expert newspaper VIEW.
In his opinion, it is done deliberately, because the vast majority living in Russia Moldovans traditionally vote for forces friendly to Russia. “In 2014 parliamentary elections at polling stations in Moscow, St.-Petersburg, Sochi and other cities, the vast majority of citizens of Moldova, of those who did vote, chose the psrm. Conducting Western course of the government is, of course, profitable,” – he explained.
Bukarsky believes that in the future the socialist Party will hold a protest action with the requirement to solve this problem, but so far the psrm is an opposition party and, except shares, “there is nothing to do.”
The problem is not new
Moldovan political analyst Nikolai Tsvetkov, in turn, believes that the problem of Moldovan polling stations in Russia is not new. “She is keenly discussed over the last few election campaigns. The authorities even do not hide their own lack of interest in mass participation of our citizens living in Russia, in elections of any kind. In fairness I must admit that the number of plots compared with 2014 increased slightly in that time, there were generally five for the whole of Russia, today – as many as eight, but it certainly will not change the situation”, – said political scientist newspaper VIEW.
He is sceptical about the possibility of somehow legally “put pressure” on the government of Moldova. “Our legislation reglamentary one polling station for three thousand voters. However, first, to organize a plot abroad, is technically not so easy, and secondly, it is an internal regulation, and if the CEC does not want to, new sites abroad, will not be built. In fact, it is all about the immediate situation and internal order”, – he explained.
Sociology in favor of Dodon
The upcoming vote will be the first national election of the President in 1996. Since 2000, the President claimed, the Parliament based on the votes of three-fifths of the deputies. In March the constitutional court of Moldova annulled the changes to the Constitution of the Republic of July 5, 2000. Thus, again in force of the previous mechanism for the election of the President directly by popular vote.
According to polls, he is ahead of all other rivals. Take part in the race 24 candidates. According to a vox populi poll conducted by the Association of sociologists and demographers of Moldova, Dodon ready to vote for almost 30% of voters.
The former Minister of education, head of the party “Action and solidarity” Maia Sandu has secured the support of 13% of respondents, the leader of the party “Platform Dignity and truth” Andrei Nastase – 11%, Chairman of the Democratic party Marian Lupu – 10%, ex-Prime Minister, head of European people’s party, Iurie Leanca – 6%.
The candidate from Our party, journalist Dmitry Chubashenko would have received 3% of votes. The leader of the party of Renato usatyi is not involved in the presidential race, as it has not reached the 40th anniversary. The head of the Liberal party, advocating for the unification of Moldova and Romania, Mihai Ghimpu would garner 1% of votes. For other candidates would vote for 6.8% of the respondents. At the same time, the study showed that 9% of respondents are unable to determine the answer. Another 8% refused to participate in elections, and 3% would vote against all.
A sociological study was conducted from September 2 to 10. It was attended by 1179 respondents aged 18 years to 77 settlements of the Republic. The maximum error is 3%.