In “leaked” to the media, and then announced by the Department of state the provisions of a private agreement with Moscow on Syria, there are items that are critical for “American partners”. Experts point out that some influential forces in Washington annoys the recognition of Russia as an equal partner on the settlement in Syria. Is in the agreement, is clearly not acceptable to one of the main US allies in the region.
The US state Department published part of the text previously closed agreement between the United States and Russia on the settlement in Syria. In fact, the state Department only followed the American media. A few hours before the Associated Press published one of the leaked documents from the package of the Russian-American agreement.
“Kerry is now crucial to achieve at least interim decisions on Syria. The Pentagon tries to thwart the plans of the state Department”
The representative of the Russian foreign Ministry Maria Zakharova said that the publication of the text of the agreement in the media as a result of leakage (but not on the official websites the Russian MFA and the US state Department) in line with the spirit of the American partners. She also explained that the published document is only one of five in the service agreement.
As followed from the text, “leaked” to the Associated Press, Moscow and Washington agreed to “make joint efforts to stabilize the situation in Syria, paying special attention to Aleppo”. “Defining the boundaries of the territories controlled by Islamic state*” and “Dzhebhat EN-Nusra” and the moderate armed opposition, remains an important priority, as the separation of the moderate opposition from the “An-Nusra”, – stated in the document, which leads TASS.
We will remind that on September 17 the Minister of foreign Affairs of Russia Sergey Lavrov in a telephone conversation with U.S. Secretary of state reiterated the commitment of Washington to separate the “moderate” terrorist groups in Syria.
The foreign Ministry stated that Moscow is not out of agreement with Washington on Syria. “On the contrary, we believe that the events of recent days underscored his superaccount,” – said Deputy foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov.
Under the “recent events”, which put into question the validity of the agreement, apparently, it should be understood: the airstrikes the U.S. and its coalition partners on Syrian government forces, and shelling of humanitarian convoy of the United Nations in the area of fighting near Aleppo (recall that the U.S. wrongly blamed for the incident on Russia).
It was repeatedly noted that, unlike the Pentagon, the state Department is to support the dialogue between Washington and Moscow. So, Secretary of state John Kerry announced on Friday scheduled the next meeting of the International Syrian support group (ISSG). Washington is ready to listen to Moscow’s proposals, said the head of the state Department.
Meanwhile, according to the newspaper VIEW, after the expiration of the truce did not live up to its expectations, the Syrian government troops were forced to repel several attempted counter-attacks by various terrorist groups, primarily in the area of Aleppo.
It is significant that in another epicenter of the clashes in Hama province, in Alliance with jihadists active participation of the so-called Free Syrian army (FSA) – the main client of the Western coalition. That is the same “moderate opposition”.
The contents of the unpublished clauses unpleasant for US
“Or are deliberately “merged” because it is not considered the American party, or its provisions announced to demonstrate that the parties are actively working on agreement,” – said in comments the newspaper VIEW military expert, head of the research Department of middle East conflicts and the armed forces of the region of the Institute of innovative development Anton Mardas.
Himself expert is inclined to the first option.
“In the published text we are talking about the technical details relative to Aleppo, mainly concerning the delivery of humanitarian aid and demilitarization of a zone near the line Costello. So it has long been known, nothing new and unpleasant for the Americans in this leak not solved. As for the other points of the agreement, then, in my opinion, they are more critical to the American side,” he explained.
According Mordasova, the agreement mentions that the international coalition led by the States to support Assad if he is fighting only ISIS*.
In addition, the expert points out: the contract also focused on the fact that the international coalition together with Russia can bomb group, prominent allies jabhat al Fatah al-sham” (Arabic for “front for the liberation of the Levant” – the current name of the group, better known as “Dzhebhat EN-Nusra” and banned in several countries, including in Russia – approx. OPINION).
The attack on these groups linked to jabhat al Fatah al-sham” means that the distribution of hits by the number of structures that are the same Saudis regard as allies. “In fact, representatives of the jabhat al Fatah al-sham” quite easily perform on state-run Saudi TV channels. The United States would not disrupt relations with the Gulf States,” said Mardas.
Who is friends with whom and the war in Syria and Iraq, the expert Also allows the realization of alternative variant of development of events in Aleppo. “Now the Syrians officially announced the offensive on the Eastern areas of Aleppo. In these areas, home to about 275 thousand people. Offensive, likely to lead Shiite formation, as these areas are Sunni. Take those parts of Assad’s forces might be able to, but to keep – no. It is not excluded that initially, after the simulation of hostilities, the humanitarian corridor in the Castello district will be withdrawing fighters (who are mostly Pro-Turkish groups), to the North of Aleppo, near al-Bab, at that time expect the Turkish troops,” – said the expert.
According to Murgasova, this development is disadvantageous to the Americans, but it will contribute to the strengthening of relations between Damascus, Ankara and Moscow.
The Americans deliberately tried to disrupt the agreement
According to political scientist, Director of the research centre “middle East-Caucasus, Stanislav Tarasov, initially scramble the text of this agreement, the Russian side made a mistake.
“We had to make public at least the preamble of this agreement. In particular, indicate the attitude of the Americans towards the Assad regime, which they, according to my assumptions, acknowledged and stipulated in the agreement. Now the opponents of this agreement will use the secrecy of it for their own purposes,” – said the expert newspaper VIEW.
According to Tarasova, the document clearly met resistance in the ruling American circles because it recognizes Russia as in fact an equal partner of the US in the middle East.
“You have to understand that the head of the U.S. Department of state, Kerry who is the representative of the outgoing administration, they are fundamentally important to achieve any of the interim decisions on Syria before the election, and the Pentagon, in turn, tries to thwart the plans of the state Department”, – he explained.
In addition, Tarasov thinks that Americans deliberately tried to disrupt this agreement. “This is evidenced by the bombardment of Syrian army positions and accusations of Russia in the attack on the humanitarian convoy. Why so long there are negotiations about the conclusion of this agreement,” – said the expert.
Speaking about the content of the document, the analyst points out that the real distinction of the warring parties is not done in the offices and in the field.
“Now in Syria fighting Russia, Turkey, Iran is indirectly involved, not to mention the government forces and various factions. Any distinction is possible only on the condition that Russia agrees with the main players in Syria – Damascus and probably Iran on the implementation of the terms of this agreement, and the United States respectively with a controlled force,” – said Tarasov.
However, he is pessimistic towards the possibility of resolving the Syrian conflict, because now in the confrontation involved a lot of parties, each pulling the blanket over himself and the peace process can take a long time.
* Organization in respect of which the court accepted entered into legal force decision on liquidation or ban the activities on the grounds stipulated by the Federal law “On countering extremist activity”