A large-scale terrorist attack on the Syrian army – just that, it seems, ending the truce agreed between Lavrov and Kerry. The collapse of a deal to blame not only the terrorists but also the position of the Pentagon, are extremely dissatisfied with the efforts of the state Department to find a compromise with Russia.
The militants of the terrorist movement “al-Nusra Dzhebhat” began on Monday evening in the South-Western outskirts of Aleppo a large-scale offensive on army positions, under fire were and residential neighborhoods, said Russian Centre of reconciliation of the warring parties in Syria.
“Kerry is clearly aimed at some kind of agreement and enjoys the support of the President. But the Pentagon has a different point of view”
“On the southwestern outskirts of Aleppo militants groups “Dzhebhat EN-Nusra” are a large-scale offensive from the direction of Khan tuman on the position of the Syrian army Academy named Assad and a quarter 1070″, – RIA “news” the message Center.
According to the Center for conciliation, the attack was preceded by a massive artillery preparation from 19.30 to 20.00 from tanks, jet systems of volley fire and mortars. Information on victims among the Syrian military and the civilian population is specified”, – stated in the message. Now government troops are engaged in fierce defensive battles to prevent breakthrough militants to the center of Aleppo.
A few hours before Syrian armed forces announced its withdrawal from the ceasefire. “It was assumed that the ceasefire will represent a real chance at stopping the bloodshed, however, the terrorist groups did not adhere to any of the clauses of the agreement on ceasefire, the number of violations exceeded 300,” said the command, adding that troops made every effort to comply with the truce and “showed the highest degree of aging in opposition to the violations of the terrorist groups.”
The Syrian army is forced to return to the road of Castello near Aleppo, said Monday afternoon the chief of the Main operations Directorate of the General staff of Russia Sergey rudskoy. Twice this road was assigned to heavy weapons, equipment and personnel of the government forces established by the agreement of distance. But because of the provocation and the reluctance of the opposition mirror to withdraw its armed forces implementation of this paragraph of the agreement was thwarted,” he told as.
As reported, the military and the rebels were simultaneously retreat from the road of Castello, which from the North leads to Aleppo and which are supposed to deliver humanitarian aid. In the area of the road needs to be created demilitarized zone. On the withdrawal of government troops from this road, it was announced on Friday, but later in the day they had to return to their original positions in connection with the attacks by the militants.
Recall that the road to Castello, if you believe the leaks was a stumbling block in the negotiations, the U.S. and Russia in early September, during the summit of “big twenty”. Already then the Russian side, according to the leaks, warned that the militants will occupy the road if the government forces will retreat, and will not be there to observe future peace agreement. It seems that what happened.
However, U.S. Secretary of state John Kerry said that the ceasefire is maintained, and the representatives of Russia and the United States already deal in Geneva to assess the situation. Later, his press Secretary John Kirby said that the U.S. is ready to extend the ceasefire, while working on the consolidation and on expanding the delivery of humanitarian assistance. The Americans saw comments attributed to the Armed forces of Syria” – action completion of the “regime of silence”. However, because Washington had agreed with Russia Damascus, he expects Moscow to “clarify the position” of the Assad government, said the diplomat. He claimed that Russia “is responsible for the implementation of the Syrian regime” agreements.
But Damascus also believes that the agreement is in jeopardy. To such conclusion the Syrian Ambassador in Moscow Riyad Haddad, who met on Monday afternoon with the special representative of the President on the Middle East, Deputy foreign Minister Mikhail Bogdanov. Was stressed the imperative of respect for the cessation of hostilities (CBD) by opposition armed groups, allowing numerous provocations and violations of the ceasefire,” – said on Smolensk square at the end of their meeting.
Scientific Director of the club “Valdai”, the chief editor of the magazine “Russia in global politics” Fyodor Lukyanov believes that the agreement on Syria is really under threat, and threatening them not even the Syrian rebels, and American generals.
“It is extremely difficult to agree on joint schemes for military and political actions in the complete absence of trust. Due to various circumstances, the part related to Syria and a part with the earlier stuff, between the military of Russia and the United States have no credibility there. In this case a diplomatic deal can work only when it is thoroughly worked out in detail and there is a clear mechanism of control literally each step. This replaces the missing trust,” Lukyanov said the newspaper VIEW.
“The efforts that were offered to American diplomacy, led by John Kerry, as I understand it, was aimed at trying to develop a mechanism. The U.S. military clearly have a different point of view. They are not going to do anything and absolutely do not trust Russian counterparts,” – said the expert.
However, to put an end to the agreement before, explained Lukyanov, because President Barack Obama is interested in a truce. “He would like to make Syria not to their heritage – fundamentally there is nothing to change – but at least not leave the situation in a complete impasse. I think that Kerry clearly aimed at some kind of agreement and have the support of the President. But the Pentagon has a different point of view,” he concluded.
As the newspaper VIEW, on Saturday, the coalition air forces led by the US bombed army positions in the province of Deir ez-Zor. Later, the White house and the Pentagon even expressed regret for the deaths of government soldiers.
“The truce was on the sand”
The Director of the Center for the study of the Middle East and Central Asia semen Bagdasarov believes the Russian-American agreement initially viable. “This agreement was not the basis for its implementation, starting with a misunderstanding of who what the organization considers to be a terrorist and what – not. This truce was on the sand, it had to collapse and it happened,” said Bagdasarov newspaper VIEW. According to him, the agreement, the content of which is still unknown in full, “could be about anything but the execution of them was unrealistic.” “For diplomats, everything is fine, talked, ordered pizza to reporters. Nice gesture. But the contradiction is very deep. It is impossible to find a compromise. The solution of the Syrian issue is only a question of war,” he said.
The General staff of the Russian armed forces on Monday afternoon acknowledged that the terms of the truce the militants do not fulfill and comply with only the army is meaningless.
“Only in the city of Aleppo over the past days by militants marked 24 shelling of the neighborhoods of the Ramus, AZ-Zagra, districts cement plant, shopping centre “Castello” area and the road Castello”, – said the head of the Russian Center for reconciliation of the warring parties in Syria General Vladimir Savchenko. Killing ten civilians, including two children, and another 30 were injured, said Savchenko.
“Yesterday the Russian Centre of reconciliation and the Syrian authorities organized the release of 200 people from the Eastern part of the city of Aleppo. Night left the city for another 70 people. Another group, also numbering 70 people, the terrorists are not allowed to leave the city, there are human victims”, – said the General.
According to Savchenko, violations of the ceasefire were also observed in the provinces of Damascus (eight deaths), HOMS (seven), Hama and Latakia (five), two more incidents occurred in the province of Deraa. The General noted that in the provinces of Aleppo and Hama to the opposition groups use the truce to regroup forces and prepare for an offensive. “It is known about the concentration of fighters to conduct offensive operations in areas of the North-East and North-West of the city of Hama and the South-West and North of Aleppo, which is confirmed by the data obtained from unmanned aerial vehicles,” – said Savchenko.
However, Russian experts do not see any attempt by the US to influence the opposition, the General said. “The Russian Center for reconciliation of the warring parties was sent to the American colleagues 13 letters detailing the violations of cessation of hostilities by the armed groups. None of the answer has not followed. Does not respond and the phone line connection to analytical political-military group of the United States in Geneva,” – said the head of the Center.
* Organization in respect of which the court accepted entered into legal force decision on liquidation or ban the activities on the grounds stipulated by the Federal law “On countering extremist activity”