People began to create artificial coral is disappearing with the help of 3D printing. One of the first venues for designers will become the Caribbean island of Bonaire, faced with the problem of the disappearance of coral reefs. Work will be headed by Fabien Cousteau, grandson of oceanographer Jacques Yves Cousteau), who is engaged in restoration of water bodies, being the Executive Director of the organization “Plant A Fish”.
So, in order to preserve the topography of the island, which to a large extent depends on the health of coral reefs around it necessary to create an artificial “construction” simulating “growths” these marine invertebrates – corals. It will also restore the ecosystem of the coastal zone, in particular, to return to the island underwater animals, which always inhabit coral reefs. For the project team Cousteau decided to use 3D printing. The material used for it is similar in chemical composition and texture with real corals the raw material – calcium carbonate, some admixture of magnesium carbonate and iron oxide.
As commented by experts of the Karadag scientific station. T. And Vyazemsky, where at one time also worked out the project of creating an artificial reef for the Crimean Peninsula, in contrast to the usual reef, material for which can be used iron-concrete blocks, artificial corals require a lot of effort. Imitating these invertebrates, it is important to arrange them in 3D models of all kinds of tunnels and caves, are accustomed to their inhabitants. Coral reefs for them — as tropical forests for land animals that hide in them from enemies, is used as a cleaning station from parasites.