In the Baltic States again there are attempts to prove that these republics were not freeloaders, and donor of the USSR. Now in Lithuania announced its intention to make the relevant financial calculations. Unlikely to Vilnius will be able to find something fundamentally new: after all, even in the post-Soviet period, the country receives subsidies from the European Union.
On Thursday, the Lithuanian newspaper Lietuvos zinios wrote that the Center for the study of genocide and resistance of Lithuanian residents intend to study archival documents, and calculate the balance of financial flows between Vilnius and Moscow in the Soviet period the Republic’s history.
“Was studied only in private moments, such as the cost of maintaining military units need throughout the USSR, but in General do not need Lithuania, Latvia or Estonia”
According to the head of the center for Birute Bureyskaya, which quoted the newspaper, documents found in the archives of the Ministry of Finance of Lithuania, ostensibly to refute the popular Russian view that Soviet Lithuania was a subsidized Republic.
“As in Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia, the labour productivity was higher agriculture more profitable, then to the Central budget received more funding than other regions of the USSR” – wrote about this the portal to the Baltic portal Delfi. The financial return was lower than the contributions. It turns out that the same Lithuania, by contrast, was a region of”donor” to feed the other republics of the Soviet Union, and not a Freeloader.
Riga example is contagious
As the newspaper VIEW, in this way quantify the financial damage from “the Soviet occupation” in Riga in the spring, and now he’d like to borrow Vilnius.
The head of the Commission to assess the damage from “the Soviet occupation” Ruta Pazdera estimated the damage at 185 billion euros, saying that when calculating the amount were also taken into account and profit from built in Soviet times, the Latvian Soviet factories. “Thus, every year we lose on average around 15 percent. So, we subsidize” she told the newspaper VIEW.
Moscow, however, has not reacted to new claims seriously, and the press Secretary of the foreign Ministry Maria Zakharova even announced on its Facebook page a contest for the best comment of this news. However, it looks like a few journalists got ahead by giving their own thoughts for the findings of the head of centre. In an interview with the newspaper VIEW Birute Bureyskaya said that it is too early to make any political statement and its center are only going to investigate the archives of the Ministry of Finance.
“First, we need to examine archived documents on a scientific basis to this job was done by professionals, after reviewing all aspects of our lives in the Soviet Union,” said Bureyskaya. According to her, earlier, “the financial side of the occupation studied”.
“Was studied only in private moments, such as the cost of maintaining military units need throughout the USSR, but do not need Lithuania, Latvia or Estonia. Now we are going to study the documents concerning the financial flows between Vilnius and Moscow in the years of Soviet occupation. We will post the result regardless of what we find in these documents. But still, as they say, is written with pitchfork on the water,” – said the Bureyskaya. According to her, in the near future the staff of the centre will meet again with the colleagues in Latvia and Estonia, and discuss the single working procedure.
Will barauskaite also declined to answer the question of how the center intends, for example, to consider from a financial point of view, the fact that in Soviet times the territory of Lithuania grew by a third, including the city of Vilnius (which before the Second world war was part of Poland).
“I would like a full consensus that the study of the Soviet occupation of Lithuania had not happened so, that Russia remained unconvinced, and we at his. I believe that the study of archival documents relating to financial flows between Vilnius and Moscow, may shed additional light on this issue,” she said.
So who is it who feeds
In fact that Lithuania, like other Baltic and many other Soviet republics, a lot more received from the Federal budget than they give, according to simple numbers.
First, thanks to the USSR, Lithuania has significantly gained territorially. In 1940, its area was less than one third. And extended the borders of the country remained after the secession from the USSR in 1991. Vilnius and Klaipeda districts, and part of the Suwałki region was transferred to Lithuania from Poland on the basis of the border Treaty in 1945. Moreover, even before the great Patriotic war, Moscow has spent PLN 7.5 million dollars, or 31.5 Reichsmarks to buy “Suwałki salient” area of over 8 thousand km (the current area of Lithuania is 65.3 thousands km). For comparison, this is more than three times the territory of Moscow. How much are these areas?
In addition, before the war Lithuania were an agricultural country, and agriculture was hurt by the war. According to various estimates, the damage to the Republic from the war as a whole amounted to $ 30 billion. Were also destroyed almost the whole energy, factories, transportation, bridges, ports.
The Federal budget invested heavily in the creation of a machine tool, light industry and chemical industry of Lithuania. It was built two plants for fertilizer production, plant for production of synthetic fibers, refinery. In the Republic there were the food industry and mechanical engineering. Built houses, roads, ferries were restored in the port of klaipėda. In Klaipeda there shipyard. Kaunas hydroelectric power plants and elektrėnai Ignalina NPP (closed already in the post) – all the Soviet legacy. In many ways, the infrastructure, the Lithuanians continue to use to this day.
The Soviet Union also raised the agriculture of the Republic, invested in medicine, education, culture, the construction of health centers and sports. Annual cash donations to the Lithuanian SSR from Federal funds totaled 1 billion rubles (at the then official rate of the dollar to 60 cents). In total Lithuania has received funds from more than 40 billion rubles.
In Soviet years the population of Lithuania increased: from 2.5 million people in 1940 to 3.7 million people in 1990.
The myth of high productivity
Arguments about “higher productivity” in the Baltic States, deduced from the thesis about a particular work ethic Latvians, Lithuanians and Estonians in comparison with the other inhabitants of the USSR, is also easily refuted with statistics.
According to the newspaper “Soviet Russia” in 1992, in 1985, in Lithuania the consumption was 23.9 per thousand dollars per capita per year, and production – a total of 13 thousand dollars, in 1989 – consumed 26.1 thousand dollars a year against production of 15.6 thousand USD in 1990 to 23.3 thousand dollars to 13 million dollars (in 1990 prices). The Lithuanians were consumed on the average on 10 thousand dollars a year more than it produces. A similar situation was observed, by the way, in Estonia and Latvia (the latter was a little “modest”).
In other words, the Lithuanians in Soviet times, lived beyond their means, earned and spent more than worked. In the Baltic States had some of the highest salaries in the Union. In the first place on wages was Estonia, at the second RSFSR, on the third and fourth Latvia and Lithuania (above or about 300 rubles).
At what expense is it possible? Due to the huge investments from the Union budget, unpaid fees from Moscow. 75% of the Union budget replenished at the expense of the Russian Federation.
And does the same thing today and the EU, including Lithuania. Annual subsidy of Brussels Lithuania, open data, be 1.6 – 1.9 billion euros.
Will not expose the account Vilnius to Brussels?
At the same time, it is worth considering, and that in recent years has made the European Union for the development of Lithuania after its accession in 2004. Industry no one has kept the country back from whence they came – to their agrarian past. Active citizens began EN masse to leave their homeland and sent to work in the same England or the Netherlands, where there is the opportunity to work not only a fisherman or a farmer.
Inherited from the USSR the infrastructure wears out, money for its repair and restoration at the Lithuanian no, but the EU does not. The Ignalina nuclear power plant, which at one time has put two of the world’s most powerful unit, at the direction of Brussels was closed in 2009. Vishinsky new nuclear power plants in the country was never built, and one reason – unwillingness to ask for help to the Russian Rosatom.
Blocks of thermal power plant elektrėnai only now beginning to close because of the reluctance to invest in their repair. The Kaunas hydroelectric power station still is the largest sources of primary energy for Lithuania. Brussels don’t even think about the support infrastructure of Lithuania. In the EU only support dubious projects such as the Klaipeda LNG terminal, which is now the Lithuanians have to buy more expensive liquefied natural gas than the Russian pipeline. This is only a rough estimate of the losses suffered by Lithuania from joining the EU. Unfortunately, in Vilnius prefer to fight with phantoms of the so-called “Soviet occupation”.