Barely leading EU countries said to stop negotiations on the Transatlantic agreement with the US, threat to become dependent on U.S. corporations took a new form. Now the Europeans are protesting against the Treaty with Canada, the signing of which is scheduled for October. In fact, the most odious provisions of the TTIP on Europe to impose “back door”.
Compared with the scandals around the Transatlantic trade and investment partnership (TTIP) subject CETA – Comprehensive economic and trade agreement between Canada and the European Union is not known to the public. The negotiation is still underway in 2009, and is exactly the same as in the case of TTIP, they went to Brussels in an atmosphere of secrecy. Part in them were representatives of leading multinational corporations, the discussion is not invited neither trade unions, nor society for the protection of the rights of consumers nor the authorities of health and education, nor the media. The top bureaucracy, the EU decided to leave the issue behind, the public is fed the rumors. In all that time had been only four meetings of the representatives of the European Commission with civil society on this issue.
“The business elites of France and Germany put on the fight of socialists and anti-globalization activists who began to defend the interests of their “own” capitalists against encroachment of transnational corporations”
Until the last moment possible the provisions of the document were not published anywhere. And even now few people know what is written in the 1,600-page draft Treaty text, the benefit there is neither table of contents nor an explanation, so the reader is doomed to get lost. Meanwhile, the signing of CETA is scheduled for October 2016. And it reminds me the story about how the Ukraine in a hurry to “sell” the agreement on evroassotsiatsii.
Critics of the CETA agreement is alarming in the same positions, which were formulated in the Transatlantic Treaty with the United States. For example, the agreement with Canada, in addition to the abolition of customs duties and provides for the “protection of private business”, in which any Corporation may apply to the court of arbitration in any European government, if it considers that his policy is bearing her loss. Similarly, the Corporation can sue the government if it will threaten its “anticipated future profits”. This means that the de-privatization and nationalization of enterprises and industries, it becomes impossible – even if it is necessary for their salvation. The priority of corporate interests over local law is intended to finally bury a socially oriented European economy.
Yes, the EU is one of the leaders of the world economy, and Canada only the 14th economy in the world. And it is unlikely to impact on European edifice could be so significant. But the experts noted in the text of the agreement detail that makes CETA Trojan horse TTIP. The fact that the CETA protects the right of all corporations operating in Canada, regardless of where is their head office. That is a party to the contract can be not only canadian, but also American and Chinese mega-corporations, if they conduct any activity in the territory of Canada. With such “monsters” of the European business will handle much more complicated.
Characteristically, promote CETA exactly the same people that lobbied in the European Union and the Treaty with the United States. A year ago, the European Commissioner for trade Cecilia Malmstrom lamented the fact that negotiations on TTIP are faced with the “criticism that was previously impossible.” After Brekzita she insisted that “negotiations on TTIP are making good progress. Now with the same vehemence she defends from critics of the EU agreement with Canada. But the main lobbyist of the CETA (as before TTIP) is the President of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker.
Today, when the leadership of France and Germany have openly expressed their dissatisfaction with the project of the Transatlantic Treaty with the United States, CETA becomes a new chance for corporations to capture the European market. In may of this year, the European Commission chaired by Jean-Claude Juncker encouraged the Council of Europe to adopt CETA vote in the European Parliament. However, opponents of the agreement were able to organize themselves and present a United front.
In fact, the business elites of France and Germany put on the fight of socialists, anti-globalists and human rights defenders who, paradoxically, began to defend the interests of local capitalists from the attacks of the transnational corporations as the “greater evil”. The leader of the German social Democrats, Vice-Chancellor, Minister of economy of Germany, Sigmar Gabriel, said that the attempt to accept CETA without discussion in the national parliaments would be “incredibly stupid” and will create a “new conspiracy theory”. The candidate in presidents of France from the radical left Jean-Luc Mélenchon accused Juncker of the “power push” of the contract. The UN human rights demanded that the agreement the EU and Canada were discussed at the referendums in all European countries and adopted by national parliaments.
Throughout June there was a struggle in which the business elite and the leadership of France and Germany put pressure on Brussels bureaucracy. The last blow to Juncker was Breaksit, attest to the reluctance of Britons to take part in global projects of the European Union, including in the TTIP and CETA. In the end, the President of the European Commission was forced to agree to a “mixed version” of the ratification of CETA: to consideration in the European Parliament, the Treaty must be approved by the national parliaments of all EU countries.
It would seem that 28 national parliaments are able to delay CETA for many years. Far less controversial EU trade agreement with South Korea was discussed in more than four years. While much speaks in favor of the fact that the European parliamentarians not to ratify CETA. In 2014, the European Commission conducted a survey of EU citizens on their relationship to “the protection of corporations from national law, which is expressed in the TTIP, and the vast majority of respondents were against such practices. Today, these people with the same suspicious CETA, and not to take account of the opinion of the national parliaments cannot.
However, the EU Treaty with Canada does have its supporters, so the “mixed” option of adoption CETA does not promise an easy life of his opponents. Some new EU countries – the Czech Republic, Romania, Bulgaria in the negotiation process achieved a preferential visa regime for their citizens with Canada. And the position of Jean-Claude Juncker remains inviolable. The President of the European Commission argues that the signing and ratification of these trade agreements, like CETA, is entirely in the jurisdiction of Brussels. In his opinion, 98% of the issues addressed in the draft agreement, are not within the purview of national parliaments, which means that they can only discuss the trade Ministers of the European countries and the European Parliament. Moreover, he said, the signing of CETA, timed to the October EU summit – Canada, will take place under any conditions, and the main provisions of the agreement will start to operate already from the beginning of 2017. And national parliaments all the time can discuss the 2% provisions that Juncker attributed to their jurisdiction.
Thus, the next stage of confrontation between the Brussels bureaucracy and European business scheduled for October. Despite the fighting spirit of the cadets, the chances of the European Commission to win, but she will fight to the last.