China starts implementing its ambitious plan, the most important for the aviation industry is developing its own aircraft engines world class. Now this question China is far behind – and it depends including from Russia. To solve the problem, the Chinese will be the usual method – copy of foreign (and Russian) technology. In this, however, you can find certain advantages.
In late August, Chinese President XI Jinping urged accelerating research and development in the area of aircraft engines to enhance the Chinese aviation industry. An important institutional step towards this increase was the creation of Chinese aeroengine Corporation – Aero Engine Corp of China (formerly aircraft engines was engaged in the Chinese aviation industry Corporation, Aviation Industry Corp of China).
“The most advanced aircraft China type fighter J-10 or Transporter Y-20 is fully dependent on Russian engines”
As pointed out in connection with this resource Defense-aerospace.com despite the incredible achievements made by China in science, technology and industry, the engines remain one of the few areas in which the country lags behind the leading aircraft powers. Currently, only five countries (all of them members of the UN security Council) are able to produce turbofan engines with afterburners such as those installed on the world’s best fighter jets – the us F-22 or Russian su-35.
The most advanced aircraft of the people’s army of China the type of fighter J-10 or Transporter Y-20 is fully dependent on Russian engines. Even J-20 – China’s first aircraft, built on technology “stealth” – used for test flights the engine from Russia.
According to the plan under the title “Will be produced in China by 2025, the production of aircraft engines is one of the 10 industrial sectors of critical importance to the country, and therefore will be fully supported by the government. Due to the success of its own engineers and designers, China already produces turbofan engines like WS-10 “Taihang”, which are installed on some type of fighter J-10 and J-11. However, according to experts, it is too early to say how much they are sufficiently powerful and reliable to replace the imported engines. It is known that one of the main problems to be solved Chinese designers is to create engines that are capable for a long time to provide the aircraft flying at supersonic speed.
So, China intends to become a great aviation power, which is unthinkable without a developed engine. But what is the source of the potential greatness of China in this area? The answer is clear and simple – intellectual “piracy”.
A classic example is the su-27. First China bought from Russia a small number of these fighters. Then seems to be going to produce them from Russian components, but collected only 105 of the planned 200 cars. It soon became clear why: the Chinese just copied the plane and began unlicensed production. The Chinese there was only the name J-11B, engines, weapons and avionics.
Moreover, according to the experts, if in the 1960-ies of the Chinese copies of the Soviet military technology was obviously more primitive than the originals, the J-11B, according to reports, in their tactical and technical characteristics is not inferior to the su-27. And J-15 is Chinese copy of su-33 is naval version of su-27. Because of this “reincarnation” Russia, according to the report of the British Royal aeronautical society, has postponed deliveries to China of the latest version of su-35. The desire of Beijing to buy only 24 aircraft of this type, but a large number of spare engines has caused the Russian authorities fear that in this case China is going to copy the fighter. First of all its engine.
As noted by the Deputy Director of the Institute of political and military analysis Alexander Khramchikhin, Beijing has long does not shun blatant theft of technology which was very successful. For example, there is no evidence that Russia ever sell China or directly reactive systems of volley fire (MLRS) “Smerch” or a license for their production. However, China army first appeared MLRS A-100, very reminiscent of “Smerch”, and then PHL-03 is a complete copy of the system.
Self-propelled artillery installation Tour 88 (PLZ-05) is very similar to the Russian “Msta”, which is also never in China is not exported.
Russia never sold China the license for manufacture of anti-aircraft missile system s-300, but it did not prevent the Chinese copy it under the name HQ-9. Chinese BMP ZBD04 extremely similar to the Russian model BMP-3, a cruise missile C-602 on the Russian cruise missile X-55.
There is a reason to be offended by China and the United States. Chengdu J-20 Black eagle has a large number of similar and completely copied from the Russian, and have not completed the tests of the MiG 1.44 and the American fifth generation fighter F-22 and F-35. And the Chinese regional jet ARJ-21 is the reincarnation of an American airliner DC-9, released in the mid 1960-ies for medium-haul lines.
“Scientifically” what is China reproducing a samples of foreign technology, called “reverse engineering”. Does any product, fully understands every detail is carefully perecherkivaet, and the resulting drawings are then transferred to the production plant, which starts production this product under a Chinese brand. However, as noted in the already mentioned report of the British aeronautical society, “reverse engineering of such a high level involves a high degree of technical competence”. But China has invested a lot of effort and money in research and technology infrastructure, which is essential for the aerospace industry world-class.
But, oddly enough, in “reverse engineering” undertaken by China, there is a positive side, and, for those manufacturers whose products China “back designs”. Managers of foreign aerospace companies that have joint ventures with China, unanimously Express concern about the theft of this country their technology. And at the same time say: and for this reason companies need to constantly create new technology to maintain a competitive advantage over Chinese products. So “reverse engineering” practiced by China, unwittingly stimulates scientific and technical progress in the field of aviation.