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Friday, October 21, 2016

The first photos from the probe Juno: the North pole of Jupiter was blue

Jupiter, seen through the “eyes” of the American Juno probe, was not quite what we had imagined. The first photos of the North and South poles of the planet Jupiter came to Earth.

According to Scott Balton, head of the mission from NASA, they did not see at the North pole of Jupiter, a familiar gas residue. On the contrary, the North pole looks bluish, it raging storms and sail the high clouds, which experts have identified in the cast to the planet of shadows. Recall that the pictures were taken at the time of closest approach of the probe to the planet August 27, 2016. The apparatus has passed over Jupiter at the speed of 208 thousand kilometers per hour relative to the planet, and the minimum altitude was 4200 miles away from the upper edge of her cloud.

At the South pole of Juno took the Aurora in the infrared wavelength range.

The Aurora at the South pole of Jupiter

As explained “MK” in the Institute of space research, scientists already knew about these lights, on the largest planet in our Solar system, in particular, the first to be “seen” Habble. Auroras on Jupiter are much larger than on Earth, also they have the superiority and intensity of the lights. There is another interesting fact: auroras on Jupiter are almost never terminated. I think it should be on the planet with the strongest magnetosphere of all the other planets in the Solar system. And because the mega-task of scientists is the study of this magnetosphere. Pictures taken with the camera JIRAM installed on the Juno, will give researchers the opportunity to consider the Aurora Borealis, and other phenomena on Jupiter with unprecedented resolution in the infrared range.

“We could never see it from Earth” – write in the explanation to the pictures of auroras NASA employees. “Infrared camera JIRAM literally gets “under the skin” of Jupiter, which gives us our first infrared pictures taken close-up,” says Alberto Adriani, one of the developers of the IR camera. The researchers hope that the high level of resolution will tell us much more about the morphology and dynamics of the planet.

Recall that the Juno spacecraft ybl launched on 5 August 2011 from Cape Canaveral (Florida, USA) and arrived at Jupiter on 4 July 2016.


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