USA can withdraw from talks on Syria if a peace agreement is not concluded soon, he threatened a source in the White house. The talks really are moving is extremely difficult, although both Obama and Putin claimed that the agreement will be soon reached. What remain the main disagreements between Russia and the United States?
For the first time since last November on Monday, the presidents of Russia and USA Vladimir Putin and Barack Obama held fully-fledged talks on the sidelines of the summit of “twenty” in Hangzhou. Their conversation lasted an hour and a half, including in a tete-a-tete.
“The Turks do not hide that their next goal is the town of Manbij and al-Bab, and from there opened a direct route to Aleppo”
As reported the head of the Russian state, he expects that agreements will be reached “in the next few days.” Putin also said that the deployment of Turkish troops to Syria for Moscow was not unexpected. “As for surprises, we have a Ministry of foreign Affairs and the special services that we have less surprises. In principle, we understand what is happening, where business goes,” he said.
For his part, President Barack Obama said that the Russian leader had “a productive conversation took place about how it should actually look cessation of hostilities that would allow us – the United States and Russia – to focus on common enemies – ISIS and the al-Nusra Dzhebhat” (banned terrorist movement). The US President stressed that “given the mistrust that exists, the negotiations are hard.” Obama pointed out that presidents gave instructions accordingly to Secretary Kerry and foreign Minister Lavrov continue to work on this in the next few days.” Kerry and Lavrov are trying to develop ways of achieving “meaningful, serious and verifiable cessation of hostilities in Syria,” Obama said.
The remaining differences between the US and Russia on Syria are “technical,” and said Obama’s spokesman. A new meeting of Lavrov and Kerry is planned later this week.
However, towards the evening, the American policy changed its tone. “If an agreement can be reached, we want to get it urgently, in connection with the humanitarian situation. However, we must ensure that this to be effective an agreement, stated to Reuters on the sidelines of the summit of an unnamed U.S. official. – If we are not able to achieve the type of agreement we want, we will emerge from these efforts.”
It seems that within Obama’s circle thought that the deal with Putin can be regarded in the press as a clear defeat of those who had recently called all to boycott the Russian leader. This anonymous threat, on the one hand, as if to justify the acquiescence of Americans to care about “humanitarian situation” and on the other – should look like an ultimatum to Moscow.
Time “before Eid al-Adha”
In the state Duma on such anonymous threats is not paying attention. The first Deputy Chairman of the Duma Committee on international Affairs Leonid Kalashnikov (CPRF) believes it is real, that Russia and the United States in the next few days agree. “This is facilitated by two things. Radically the situation has changed with the emergence in Syria of Turkey as a player. This greatly strained the White house, and us too. If we do not agree today, tomorrow it will threaten all. Syria will become like Libya,” – said Kalashnikov the newspaper VIEW, commenting on the meeting between Obama and Putin.
“I think it has found some common ground. Finally we have to agree about where there is “white”, “black”, which groups are terrorists and which aren’t,” he said, suggesting that the agreement will be mentioned not only the ceasefire but also the role of Turkey.
Meanwhile, Turkish leader Recep Tayyip Erdogan spoke on the sidelines of the summit, suggested that Putin and Obama set in the North of Syria no-fly zone. Earlier, the President of Turkey has urged to create such a zone, to resolve the migration crisis. In addition, he acknowledged that the negotiations had been the fate of Aleppo. “We are also developing cooperation with Russia in Aleppo. I really hope that it will be possible to achieve a ceasefire before Eid,” said Erdogan, referring to the Islamic holiday, which falls this year on September 12.
Higher Committee on negotiations (CPSU) the Syrian opposition on Monday confirmed receipt of a letter of US special envoy on Syria, Michael Ratna the terms of the deal between Moscow and Washington. “Yeah, envoy is really prevalent in the media, it’s not a secret, – said the Deputy head of the CPSU George Sabra. – There is no point in discussing its content, as the agreement between Russia and the United States has not been achieved, this is only expectations.” Sabra added that the opposition would welcome an agreement if it will be a requirement to stop the bloodshed.
Reuters announced Wednesday the details of a possible agreement between Russia and USA on Syria. According to the letter of Michael Ratna, it is expected that Russia will achieve from Damascus cease strikes of the Syrian air force in the areas controlled by the “opposition”. This also applies to areas where more moderate rebel groups” are next to jabhat al Fatah ash-sham” (the new name of “Dzhebhat EN-Nusra”). American CBS TV channel previously called deal between Russia and USA on Syria “breakthrough”.
Washington also insists on the withdrawal of government troops from a key supply route North of Aleppo. This corridor is expected to make a demilitarized zone, and another road in the South-West of the city to be used for humanitarian assistance. The delivery of aid should not interfere with any one of the parties to the conflict. United States agree to coordinate with Moscow’s actions against “al-Qaeda”, however more detailed information not given in the letter.
Agreement yet on the two main issues – on the list of terrorist organizations, which are beyond the ceasefire and the situation in Aleppo, where the United States offered to open demilitarized corridor, told the newspaper “Vedomosti” a source close to the Russian delegation. According to him, there is no guarantee that this corridor will not be captured by terrorists.
Military expert, chief editor of the magazine “Arsenal Fatherland” Victor murakhovski convinced that the debate about the creation of a humanitarian corridor to the North of Aleppo if underway between Russia and the United States, it cannot be a key. “The key question about the distinction between opponents of the Assad regime for the moderate opposition and radicals. It is the delimitation of specific areas, and positions that Russia can bomb and what to bomb are not recommended. And, accordingly, the allocation of areas of responsibility,” – said murakhovski the newspaper VIEW, adding that “the Americans resolved these issues for almost six months”.
According to him, according to preliminary agreements, the parties will exchange information and coordinate specific areas. The second difficult moment is the Russian offer on creation of joint authorities monitoring the cease-fire regime. “We have suggested that such joint bodies will decide: whether breaks someone from the moderate opposition to the truce or not. If you violate, how to punish them. Apparently, according to the lists and districts the matter has been agreed”, – the expert assumes.
* Organization in respect of which the court accepted entered into legal force decision on liquidation or ban the activities on the grounds stipulated by the Federal law “On countering extremist activity”