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Thursday, March 15, 2018

The army goes to the mountains

A snap inspection, declared the Supreme commander of the 25th and ended August 31, was the prelude to the strategic command and staff exercises “Caucasus-2016”, which will start on 5 September. According to defense Minister Sergei Shoigu, in the course of these exercises on the backdrop of a difficult international military-political situation “will evaluate our options for the protection of national interests in the South-Western strategic direction”.

In exercises “Caucasus-2016” the tanks and motorized infantry will fire on the unfamiliar grounds of the southern military district. Photo: mil.ru

As previously stated in the defense Ministry, in the course of these exercises it is planned to check the real state of combat and mobilization readiness of troops and forces of the southern military district (SMD) and conduct testing of new applications and methods of actions of troops with the modern experience of warfare. According to the commander of the YUVO Colonel-General Alexander Galkin, the main attention will be paid to the interaction of air, sea and land components of interspecific grouping of troops, mass transfer of personnel and equipment over long distances, as well as the actions of divisions in the conditions of mountainous terrain.

And here I would like to stress again that the exercises “Caucasus-2016” plan. About them military commanders told reporters at the beginning of the year. However, despite this, a number of primarily foreign media persistently tries to link the strengthening of the group of our troops in the South of the country not carrying out planned maneuvers, and with the reaction of the Russian leadership on the recent incident with the detention of Ukrainian saboteurs who tried to break into the Crimea to plan attacks.

Due to this, the exercises “Caucasus-2016” is given a bright political color that immediately justifies the nervous reaction of the NATO and Kiev. Representatives of the Alliance, for example, argue that concentration of our forces in the South-West of the country (note: our own country) we happen to “undermine stability in the region.” Moreover, Russia allegedly uses exercises “to conceal the deployment of weapons in Ukraine”. Ukraine itself, more precisely, its President Petro Poroshenko and the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada Andriy Parubiy, under the pretext of this threat is urgently engaged, as they seriously announced, “developing plans for a General mobilization and deployment of the territorial defence until the organization of the partisan movement throughout the country”.

3 September on the website of the Ukrainian defense Ministry has information that Ukraine urgently began calling up reservists. It is planned that more than eight thousand people will pass military training, and then teaching, whose main goal — “working out a mechanism for rapid resupply of units and the reserve forces in case of aggression”.

Aggression, I suppose, expected from Moscow, literally, from day to day, during exercises in the southern military district. Kiev seems to be no doubt that the southern military district was formed solely in order to become a bridgehead to attack Russia in the Square.

In this regard, I would like to remind you (especially those who have bad geography) that SMD is not only Crimea or the territory adjacent to the Russian-Ukrainian border. The troops of the southern military district, stationed in these regions of Russia, Adygea, Dagestan, Ingushetia, Kabardino-Balkaria, Kalmykia, Karachay-Cherkessia, North Ossetia — Alania, the Chechen Republic and the Krasnodar, Stavropol edges, the Astrakhan, Volgograd, Rostov regions and only then — in the Crimea and Sevastopol. On the territory of the southern military district is located and also the three Russian military bases in South Ossetia, Abkhazia and Armenia.

And it’s all the same area, which in recent time because of increasing terrorist threats in the South from ISIS (banned in Russia organization) is quite rightly concerned about Russian security forces have a far greater concern than the Crimea or Ukraine, which are so concerned in NATO.

The territory of Ukraine in the preparation of the exercises “Caucasus-2016” is probably not particularly viewed as a potential theater of war. Anyway, back in January at a briefing in Rostov the commander of the southern military district, telling reporters about the upcoming September maneuvers “Caucasus-2016”, said: “the Troops and forces must work out issues of combat cooperation and effective action in the highlands with the increase of terrorist threats in the region.” Agree, the difference is significant: the battles with terrorists in the mountains little resemblance to the war with the partisans in the steppes of Ukraine.

But for Kiev, all of this apparently was not so important. The important thing is that the hysteria raised about unannounced inspections, and exercises “Caucasus-2016”, was quickly a success: last week, a number of Western media reported about the approval of the US military budget that includes funding for several programs for strengthening the defense of Ukraine. At the same time in Brussels, the Agency, the NATO support and procurement signed with the Ministry of defense of Ukraine an agreement on the purchase of materiel for the armed forces.

It’s hard to say that these purchases will fall to Kiev formed the Ukrainian partisans troops, but that many of them will quickly pop up somewhere in the detachments of fighters from the Syrian-Turkish border, no doubt.

One of the objectives of the exercise will be to test new equipment in a mock battle. Photo: mil.ru

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Any large-scale maneuvers, is not only a test of real combat readiness of the troops, but also the demonstration of military power of the state to its potential enemy. The brighter the demonstration, the louder the enemy, expressing his displeasure. Judging by the current reaction of the representatives of NATO, the current exercises of the Russian army impressed them seriously.

Impressed really was: carried out the transfer of troops over long distances — more than 2,000 km of air, railway and sea transport in order of tank, infantry and artillery units carried out the shooting on unfamiliar landfills YUVO. Anti-aircraft missile regiments on the polygons Ashuluk and Kapustin Yar was carried out missile launches at targets of various classes. Aircraft are dispersed at the operational airfields, missile and bomb strikes on ground targets conditional. The crews of the warships of the black sea fleet and the Caspian flotilla joint firing of ship artillery. And all this just a sudden check — a prelude to the command and staff exercises “Caucasus-2016”. So what then will be the scale of the exercises?

After all this, the commander of US forces in Europe Lieutenant General Ben Hodges, could not stand, said: “Russia could really smooth out the concerns and provide some stability, if invited observers. Frankly, it would be really helpful to reduce anxiety. The teachings of lacking transparency!”

The Russian defense Ministry from “transparency” to disown: invited foreign military attaches accredited in Moscow to visit 9 September, the active phase of strategic exercises “Caucasus-2016”. As stated in the defense Ministry, “the attaché will be delivered to the venue of the exercise aircraft military transport aircraft. Foreign military diplomats will have the opportunity to observe the practical phase of operations of troops (forces) on SCSU. They also will hold a briefing about the aims and objectives of teaching”.

Needs to decide to be done. One of them will be testing new equipment in a mock battle. For example, at the landfill Prudboy near Volgograd during the crossing of the don tanks and motorized infantry will have new pontoon boats BMK. They look like ordinary motor boat with a double cabin, but its technical capabilities are absolutely indispensable for the construction of pontoon ferries. According to the military, such equipment they did not order industry for over 20 years and now would like to test it in real combat conditions.

The exercises will be expanded and a network of polygons. So, at the Crimean training ground Opuk for the first time in 15 years will be the firing of air defense. Let me remind you: polygon Opuk received notoriety after 4 October 2001, a Ukrainian anti-aircraft gunners, performing here during a training exercise launches missile far system s-200 shot down over the Black sea of the plane of airline “Siberia”, flying from tel Aviv to Novosibirsk. All on Board were 78 people — 66 passengers and 12 crew members died.

Since then, on the Crimean Peninsula firing of air defense are no longer conducted. And now, when the landfill was transferred to the Russian VKS, the exercises “Caucasus-2016” there will be the first to fire the latest missile air defense systems s-400 “Triumph”, recently put into service regiments of the 4th army, air force and air defense, stationed in the southern military district.

In the strategic command and staff exercises “Caucasus-2016″ will also involve absolutely all connections and parts of the black sea fleet (BSF). The preparation for these maneuvers, the commander of the fleet at the beginning of the year announced priority. According to him, participation in this large scale exercise will allow BSF to reach a new level of interaction between sea, land and air components of interspecific grouping of troops”.

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Interaction — it can be said, in General the key word of the current teachings. One of the main objectives stated for working on maneuvers, are issues of cooperation. Including military authorities and the Federal bodies of Executive power. In recent years, almost all large-scale exercises conducted by the Ministry of defense, to solve this problem, declaring it a priority.

This time the military authorities in conjunction with Federal agencies of Executive power must work out issues that a number of military enterprises in military time, and also to undertake mobilization activities on the conscription of citizens from the reserve, including reservists, with the goal of forming military units of territorial defence.

For example, in anticipation of the exercise “Kavkaz-2016” in the Kuban, in Budyonnovsk, on the basis of the 205th separate motor rifle Cossack brigade was first formed regiment of the territorial defence manned by reservists — inhabitants of Stavropol territory. During the camp they were held in the last three weeks preceding the exercise, reservists have restored and improved their military skills. It is planned that the personnel of the regiment formed the territorial defence will be involved in the exercises “Caucasus-2016”.

For the first time in the practice of such maneuvers to their are involved in carrying the financial structure of the Ministry of Finance and the Central Bank of Russia. And for the acquisition of financial and economic services for wartime reserve called reserve officers assigned to the economic and financial position.

As told at selector meeting the Deputy defense Minister Tatyana Shevtsova, the exercise played out the situation when received the information message about the termination of functioning of the common settlement centre of the Ministry of defense of the Russian Federation as a result of sabotage and reconnaissance groups. In connection with organized work to use the backup database of the National defense control center of Russia that will allow to make timely payment of money allowances to servicemen YUVO through accounts opened for them in the field institutions of the Bank of Russia. For sustainable settlement and cash services deployed five field institutions of the Bank of Russia at the place of location of military units.

In General, according to some military experts, the tasks that should be addressed in the exercises “Caucasus-2016”, may be the most important and extensive in the past 20 years. In addition, before the end of this year in the southern military district troops will put more than a thousand new weapons, some of which will stand the test fight on September these maneuvers. The result is equipped with the most modern weapons systems, internal controls, tested in the exercises inter-service military group, created on the southern borders of Russia, in the nearest future can become the most efficient of all existing for today in the Russian army.


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