In Primorsky region, launched the first phase of Russia’s largest civil shipyard “Zvezda”. She will be able to build ships of any complexity, and even larger than the legendary Sevmash. The main customers of the “Stars” will be the largest oil and gas companies, and thus the oil wealth of the country will help revive the industries of the Far East.
The production of ships for the “Star” will begin this year, while a pilot order is planned to be commissioned in 2019, said the head of Rosneft, Igor Sechin at the ceremony of launch of the first phase of the shipbuilding complex “Zvezda” in Bolshoi Kamen Bay, reports TASS. Since 2013 exactly Rosneft is engaged in the completion of the plant, which almost became another protracted because of the failure to attract foreign investors.
“Russia needs to develop its own machinery, to ensure the development of offshore fields and to develop the far East”
We are talking about the creation of the far East of the multi-complex to create civil courts. The new shipyard will build vessels of any complexity, characteristics and designations, including those previously not produced in Russia because of the existing limitations of the trigger and hydraulic structures. The product line of “Stars” will be mainly high-tech, large vessels and offshore platforms.
“Star” was visited by Vladimir Putin, who called the priorities for the far Eastern shipbuilders – it is important to focus on the production of equipment for the development of Northern latitudes. “First of all we need to produce ships for the domestic market, to develop offshore deposits of the Far East and the Arctic, for the development of the Northern sea route as a global artery. And we all know that not only our country but our neighbours have big plans for the development of this way of cargo delivery is the most cost-effective route from Europe to Asia and Vice versa. It is important that in the competition for the orders of the civil courts the leading role came out of it domestic shipyards, such as “Zvezda”, – said Vladimir Putin in conversation with the workers.
The President also took part in the groundbreaking ceremony of the floating dock by the order of the Navy and examined the ice-class tanker “Sakhalin”. The ship is planned to be used to supply the North, the Far East, the Kuril Islands and the locations of the Northern group of forces with fuels and lubricants.
Near far Eastern new rising “Star” is a repair facility for naval vessels. Therefore, the cooperation of military and civil orders is not surprising. Besides initially it was assumed that the shipbuilding complex will be organized cross-financing when due to defense orders and civil shipbuilding. Gradually, however, the “Star” will have to focus on the creation of civil marine equipment.
A promise that the new shipyard will have a unique for the Russian market competencies in the field of shipbuilding. And most importantly, that the Russian oil and gas will provide the plant with orders for years to come. Assessment of Gazprom, Rosneft and LUKOIL, for the development of the continental shelf by 2030 Russia needs about 1.2 thousand ships and marine equipment for production and transportation of up to 110 million tons of oil and 160 billion cubic meters of gas per year. Such demand exceeds the capacity of Russian shipyards.
Only for the development of the continental shelf by 2030 Russia will need 90 specialized transport ships of Arctic navigation with a total deadweight of about 4 million tons, and about 140 ships of the maintenance fleet (evaluation of Ministry of industry and trade). In addition, you will need to build 10-12 new vessels from the production, along with transport vessels – about 30 ships, plus 49 platforms of different types and 203 of the underwater base.
Can existing shipyards to build all this sea-going equipment to ensure the production and transportation of energy resources? They have neither the necessary capacity nor the technological capabilities. For example, the construction of offshore drilling rigs, large ships and LNG tankers on existing Russian shipyards is simply impossible. So, the famous Severodvinsk Sevmash builds ships with deadweight of up to 60 thousand tons. While the “Star” will produce huge tankers with displacement up to 350 thousand tons. With the exception of today, of course, is unique Baltic plant, but he specializiruetsya on nuclear vessels ensuring production. While the plant in Bolshoi Kamen will be able to produce a wide range of equipment to explore including the Arctic shelf.
In addition to Rosneft, which has taken in hand the construction of the plant, orders will come from Gazprom, Sovcomflot, NOVATEK and SIBUR. Only one of Rosneft in the next 25 years will require 15 exploration platforms, 20 of seismic vessels, 106 platforms of various types and over 200 support vessels and ships of other purposes. Now they have to order specialized equipment abroad. So, only in 2014, the Russian company placed in foreign shipyards orders for $ 6 billion. The emergence of seaside “Star” is able to radically change the situation, forcing the Russian money to work in Russia.
Strong competitors are the new “Stars” – three Asian leader of modern shipbuilding: South Korea, Japan and China. However, Rosneft was knitting a course to ensure that competitors turned into allies. And at least one such ally already has the South Korean Hyundai. As told Sechin, the Koreans will help in the design and engineering support of construction at the shipyard “Zvezda” the world’s first tankers of “Aframax Green” vehicles running on gas fuel. Joint venture will be established in the Charter capital of which the Koreans will make just their project of the tanker.
“Russia needs to develop its own machinery, to ensure the development of offshore fields and to develop the far East. Factories in Russia, of course, but in the far East not so much. And those that are in the region, unable to cope with the task. Modern civilian vessels, in particular for oil and gas industry, can build not all. In addition, the most efficient of the existing shipyards uploaded military orders for the Russian Navy and foreign customers”, – says an independent naval expert Prokhor Tebin.
“The fall in oil prices, of course, imposes its own adjustments, and in General not a good situation in the market for vessels in the oil and gas sector, where there is much competition. “Star” will have to compete with a large number of foreign enterprises. However if to speak about more complex techniques like gas, the cost is high, and the order abroad to not so fast and not so simple. Besides, it is always better to spend the money at home, create tax revenues, jobs, than to give them abroad. While in this sector are foreign orders, so there is a desire to develop import substitution,” says Tebin.
As for oil prices, the drop has adjusted the plans for the development of the Arctic shelf, although work in this direction continues. However, it was the Foundation for the future, in 10-15 years you need to invest today. Therefore, orders for drilling platforms have to do in advance, given that the factory for their Assembly is still under construction, and execution of shipbuilding orders is not a matter of one year.
Finally, the shipyard “Zvezda” will be calculated for the construction of not only drilling platforms but also ice-class vessels. The force is actively developing ports on the North coast of the Russian Navy, of course, will be in demand. So, the turnover in the framework of the Northern sea route is growing rapidly due to domestic traffic from 3.9 million tons in 2014 to 5.1 million in 2015. Further growth was achieved due to the output capacity of major energy projects focused on transportation in the Northern sea route, for example, the project “Yamal LNG”. Finally, there is the potential for the development of transit traffic along the Northern sea route. When fuel prices soar again, the shorter Northern route would be more interesting for transport between Europe and Asia than routes through the Indian ocean.
Modern shipyard will consist of three phases. As you enter you will be able to build more complex marine equipment with a large displacement.
The basis of the first phase is the unit of body painting industries with cameras and heavy outfitting berth. The first stage involves the production of supply vessels, including ice class tankers and other marine equipment. The volume of processing 90,000 tons of metal per year, which is 21% of the total volume processed in the shipbuilding industry.
Entering the second phase of the project will allow to significantly increase the productivity of the shipyard and down to the water court almost without restrictions on trigger weight. The main object of the second phase of the dry dock dimensions 114 × 14 × 485 m, to the design and construction of which Rosneft plans to launch this year.
Commissioning of the third phase will ensure the construction of offshore structures of all types and will improve the performance of the shipyard to 380 thousand tons, which in fact would be half processed in the industry of steel.