The process of creating a common market between the EU and the United States meets increasingly strong resistance among Europeans. Moreover, the negotiations are completely closed, even from the European Parliament. Similar protests have a whole lot of reasons – despite the lure, we arrange the United States. Meanwhile, the EU has a much better and close to shopping alternative.
On the eve of this weekend’s ninth round of negotiations on the agreement on Transatlantic trade and investment partnership (TTIP) his opponents have staged protests around the world – not only in Europe but also in America, Asia and even Africa. But the main demonstrations were, of course, in Europe – because of its impending agreement concerns directly. The largest actions took place in Madrid and Munich – they reached 50 and 20 thousand people – and there were hundreds of protests in dozens of European cities. The total amount collected against the TTIP signatures of Europeans exceeded 1.7 million.
“Now the main objections to the agreement with Europeans is not so much economic as social – a fear of lowering of standards of quality of life as a result of the expansion of American business on the continent
Pioneers of the protests are the anti-globalists – because creating a huge single market of 800 million people benefit primarily transnational corporations and supranational political elite that promotes a project of global government. The TTIP is a legal registration of the establishment of the common market countries of “Golden billion”, which will result in the emergence of trade and economic counterpart to NATO, an organization of the United States and Europe. In fact, the TTIP and raised released in 1990 in the “Transatlantic Declaration” plans for the cementing of the Atlantic unity.
If now the political unity of Europe and the States officially exists in the form of NATO (i.e. the military-political Union) and informally routed through some form of control over the elites, and the economic is determined by the supranational financial and industrial capital and bilateral agreements between the US and the EU, with the creation of the TTIP, the West will become General rules of trade and investment, that is, becomes in fact a single economic organism.
And considering that the project of a United Europe by many on the continent is perceived as a geopolitical plan aimed at keeping control of a supranational (and predominantly Anglo-Saxon) elites over the Old world, it is clear that the economic Union will lead to greater overall influence of the US and Atlanticist Europe. Therefore, the project has many opponents not only among the anti-globalists and left-wing, but also among nationalists and right-wing, that is, those who favor the preservation of the independence of European States.
The current protests is just one of the forms of expression of displeasure that the project meets the TTIP in Europe. Of course, they do not acquire a truly mass character – and because the agitation in favor of the agreement is still stronger – but can be an important element in the continuing struggle around him. And it will be hot in the next year – that during this period the US and euroatlantische want to turn the entire procedure of signature and ratification of the agreement.
USA need to stop a global economic expansion of China, at least on the European continent, given that they lost to him, the rivalry in Asia and Latin America, where it has actually failed is similar to the TTIP draft TRANS-Pacific partnership.
Additionally, Barack Obama wants to leave the White house though with some notable foreign policy achievement, which also can be served as a benefit for the American economy that is having even a political dimension.
Work on the formation of the TTIP have been conducted since 2011 and are now in the final stage. Washington and Brussels want to sign him in the summer, at least until the end of the year, so that later in the year and a half to carry out its ratification by the European Parliament and national parliaments of the participating countries.
The talks top secret and not even inform the European Parliament – only seven deputies received the right to read the draft text of the Treaty, and in the presence of Brussels bureaucrats (so it was not possible to copy the document). Thus while the majority of MEPs support the conclusion unknown to them agreement among the supporters of the main faction of the European Parliament – the Christian Democrats, social Democrats and liberals. The agreement and the governments of the major European countries, which together with Washington and Brussels are campaigning to persuade the Americans and Europeans in how it suits them.
Lower tariffs, remove barriers between business entities (certification of companies will be largely standardized) – and, as a consequence, increase trade, create new jobs, increase economic growth, and overall increase the competitiveness of the West in the world – all this must convince the population. Bring even numbers – according to some calculations, the additional growth in real GDP per capita over the next 10-20 years will be for the EU is approximately 5% and USA about 13%, and in the opinion of the British government, the income of the American economy every year will increase to 120 and Europe – $ 150 billion. The German government promises to 400 thousand jobs and new markets for German exports.
Despite this tempting picture, most Europeans somehow don’t believe in the benefits of the TTIP in the UK, 54 per cent of the population opposed the signing of the agreement, and in Germany, with 43 against only 30 for. May be some other numbers operated by opponents of TTIS?
For example, according to the American economist Jerome, Capaldo from the Institute the global development and environment at tufts University, the European Union will suffer serious damage as a result of the TTIP. He estimates the total loss of 600 thousand jobs, predicts the decline in exports and a reduction in state revenue. The fall in GDP during the first 10 years can be from 2.7% in Northern Europe to 1.4% in Germany and 0.95% in the UK. Capaldo, says that the agreement benefits primarily transnational corporations based in the United States, and Americans themselves will not bring benefits, because it “infringes upon the interests of labor resources in favor of the investors, American workers are likely to face a reduction of salaries, as well as a large redistribution of profits in favor of the owners of the businesses.
The calculations of Kapaldo can be considered propaganda painted – but even many from the supporting TTIP European leaders do not share the optimistic assessment of its effectiveness. So, the Vice-Chancellor and Minister of economy of Germany Sigmar Gabriel said recently that he does not believe in the miraculous accounts of economic growth due to TTIP”. But now the main objections to the agreement with Europeans is not so much economic as social – a fear of falling European living standards as a result of the expansion of American business. “The usual standards for food products, environmental protection, employment, public services – all contract will be put upside the head,” said one of the leaders of the German Left party, Berndt, Risinger at Saturday’s rally in Kassel.
“We don’t want to prevent legislation in the field of employment, social Affairs, environment, privacy, and consumption was reduced, and the service sector (e.g., water) and cultural values would be determined on non-transparent negotiations,” reads one of the statements by opponents of TTIP. Concerns relate to everything from cheap American exports of genetically modified products (in the United States, unlike Europe, there is no ban on GMOs) before the liberalization of the market of services in the municipalities (that is, the elimination of free services which are administered by local authorities – because they will reduce the profits of American investors).
The welfare state with its high standards are built in Europe (mainly in Germany and Scandinavia), just incompatible with the rules of the game that exist in America where nothing like this in sight. And so, it will be forced to adapt or to attract us or even to hold European investment, or lose their livelihoods as a result of capital flight. This is the biggest concern of Europeans.
Opponents of the agreement understand that stop sign they will not succeed – but the vote in the European Parliament will be a serious test for all political forces of Europe. Claims against the TTIP will only increase, as public dissatisfaction with them – and the deputies will be hard to ignore the opinion of voters. Even more difficult to carry out the ratification in national parliaments.
Moreover, the promotion of TTIP occurs on the background of the deliberate weakening of European-Russian relations. And although technically the two are not related, all know that the US actually use the conflict in Ukraine to promote the process of Atlantic integration. Urging Europe to maintain sanctions and the severing of ties with Russia, the us and thereby narrow its room for maneuver – at a time when the West faced a terrible Russian geopolitical (i.e. military and economic) threat, can there be any doubt of the need to strengthen transatlantic unity, adding that the military component of economic?
Of course, many people in Europe understand what is the main purpose of the United States, but the loyalty of Atlantic solidarity (grafted as an ideology) and the belief in the inevitability of globalization in its current, Anglo-Saxon, the form of the hinder European elites to openly Express doubts about the necessity, the more so urgent, the conclusion of TTIP. But this does not mean that the issue of the TTIP can be considered already solved.
Europe has entered a period of awareness of the crisis of its social model and of the economy as a pan-European project and globalisation as a whole – a rise of anti-globalization forces, both right and left becomes more noticeable. In these circumstances, the national elite become a serious barrier in the way of “lifting the barriers”. Under their pressure, is not excluded and repositioning of European integration with a departure from the hard Atlanticism to European selfishness or germanocentric.
Especially for the growth of the European economy, there are other, less risky ways that are not related to the offering all new victims of the Anglo-Saxon God of “free trade”, requiring along with military and economic and even political and cultural worship, China is beginning to lay across Eurasia “silk road” to Europe, Russia has long been offering a free trade area with the goal of creating a single market from Lisbon to Vladivostok.
Recently Angela Merkel, speaking one of the main supporters of the TTIP, said that Berlin attaches importance to the prospect of creating a free trade zone with Russia, stipulating that it is now on its way there are “political problems”, referring to the Ukrainian crisis. She even tried to introduce the Association agreement of the EU with Ukraine and Moldova as efforts to build a common Russia-space, and not as actions directed against the interests of Moscow: “We, on the contrary, approach them step by step towards the common economic space, once said Vladimir Putin – from Vladivostok to Lisbon”. According to Merkel, to resume collaboration with Russia, you need to start to implement the Minsk agreement.
Berlin is clearly trying to secure a greater freedom of hand in bargaining with the Americans around the TTIP – and in this sense it is, of course, interested in the speedy settlement of the Ukrainian conflict. The only problem is that as the situation in Ukraine and the US game on the Ukrainian field are not conducive to the reduction of the explosiveness of this problem. And Europe, continuing to play along with US in their pressure on Russia, eventually deprives itself not only of freedom of maneuver in the Atlantic area, but also the opportunity to develop a really profitable and certainly not threatening its independence and way of life of relations with Russia.
However, we cannot say that it is the ultimate choice in Europe – we are talking about the current leadership of European countries, which are unlikely to remain in power if against the will of the majority of their own voters will sign and ratify the TTIP.