On the first day of September, Russian presidential aide Andrei Belousov tried to calm fellow citizens. He stated that taxes in Russia it is necessary only to reduce, not increase. He did this not just. Recently there have been reports that tax revenues, we will grow. Links go to sources in the Finance Ministry, which is currently developing the budget for 2017-2019 years. Supposedly Minister Anton Siluanov wants to close the financial hole 2.5 trillion. Money is supposed to collect oil and gas companies and tobacco companies. Make more to take the dividends and increase the excise tax. Experts believe that in the end, to patch the budget will have ordinary consumers who will pay more cash for gas or cigarettes.
photo: Alex geldings
Will there be increased taxes, we’ll know in the coming months. There is real confidence that Yes. Moreover, sources in the Finance Ministry say that this issue has been resolved — the Ministry has long been ready a few sentences and even specific ways to increase revenues to the budget due to recalculation of the tax bracket.
These movements would allow for three years from 2017 to 2019, to collect around 2.5 trillion roubles.
This year, according to official data, the budget has a deficit of 2.1 trillion. But in fact, as acknowledged by some government departments, the hole will be much larger — at least 3-4 trillion. In the next three, officials said, the deficit will be somewhat smaller. But it is necessary to sacrifice a few items of expenditure.
Already pledged to continue the freeze of the cumulative part of pensions, and to abolish the indexation of scholarships.
But this is clearly not enough. According to the chief editor of “Financial newspaper” Nicholas Warble, which is why the state is likely to take up the taxes. Despite the fact that it is now discussed only at the level of rumors, but officially, this information is refuted, the population prepared for the worst, or at least unpleasant consequences.
Indeed, the first burden of the additional fiscal charges, while according to unofficial information, means income taxes, property tax, VAT, personal income tax and insurance contributions. Most attention will be paid to oil and gas companies, tobacco companies.
To collect additional revenues to the budget officials expect due to the increase in receipts of dividends from state-owned companies), establishing a greater excise taxes. Due to this, the government expects to receive in the years 2017-2019 add nearly 2.5 trillion rubles.
Experts say that such a policy is unjustified. In conditions of low prices for raw materials, from which the Russian economy depends more than other sectors, additional revenues from dividends virtually impossible. So, the profit of “Gazprom” for the first half of 2016 was 194.4 billion rubles, which is 31% lower than in the first six months of 2015. The gas monopoly will pay all of their shareholders 175,2 billion instead of 400 billion, as previously assumed. The state of them will get 67 billion instead of the planned 151 billion.
But if you take away the dividends to the maximum, as companies develop new projects.
And the increase in excise will have an impact not only on manufacturers, many ordinary consumers. According to the Executive Director of the Movement for the rights of smokers Andrey Loskutov, “officials are looking for the simplest ways to close budget holes. The tobacco industry, not to mention fuel, is one of the easiest ways. Administer “snuff” is easier than alcohol. This year for the first time in the history of the “snuff” will bring to the budget more money than alcoholic beverages. But to pay the bills will have ordinary smokers.”, — said the expert.
In this regard, as suggested by Nikolai Vardul, representations and promises, such as that made by Andrey Belousov, “nothing more than a joke” — and believe they should not.