“On 29 August in the history of Colombia began a new phase. We made the guns to silence. The war with the FARC over!”, – as optimistic a message posted on his microblog Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos just a minute after the occurrence of specified dates. On this day, entered into force the agreement on a ceasefire between the Revolutionary armed forces of Colombia (FARC) and the government of the country. If the conditions of the truce will not be broken, it will put an end to more than a half-century standoff that claimed the lives of hundreds of thousands of people.
The FARC emerged as the military wing of the Colombian Communist party in 1964. Since then, the conflict between the official authorities and the rebels fighting, in their own words, for the socialist future of their country and the whole world did not stop. According to reports, the death toll of confrontations to at least 260 thousand people. Another 45 thousand people are reported missing, nearly seven million – were forced to leave their homes. In the US, several countries in Latin America and in the European Union, the FARC was included in the number of terrorist organizations.
Preliminary peace talks between the rebels and Colombian authorities first became known four years ago. In October 2012, a meeting was held in Oslo, then the negotiation process took place in Havana. In 2013, the two sides had conflicts regarding the implementation of the requirements of the FARC – the authorities insisted that they must be discussed in a national referendum. The rebels, of course, demanded immediate amendment to the Constitution. Despite the controversy, the negotiations failed to resume: in June of this year it became known that a preliminary agreement on a cease-fire agreed on 25 August he was signed, and 29th — came into force.
Now the parties are to conclude a final peace agreement – it is expected that this will occur no later than September 26. Meanwhile, the country on the background of the cessation of hostilities should begin the process of demobilization. The rebels promised an impartial trial (it is expected that the court will be involved and employees of government troops), and some – Amnesty.
The main acquisition for the FARC from the signing of the agreement, expected consolidation in the political arena of the country as a full-fledged party. The rebels, in turn, should commit themselves to de-mining of territories, pay reparations to the families of the dead, etc..
After the signing of the final peace agreement it will be put to a national referendum. According to President Santos, the specific questions to be put to a vote, will be announced in the coming days.
In connection with the sale of weapons is the Revolutionary armed forces of Colombia, was charged in the United States, the Russian Victor Bout. Weapons, what drew the attention of the prosecution, was intended ultimately for the murder of American citizens. Prison term, obtained a booth, recall, was 25 years.