Along with the brown and white adipose tissue some experts distinguish the third kind of beige fat, while others consider it a kind of white. Anyway, in a recent study of American specialists from the University of California at San Francisco, that beige fat could be the key to defeating obesity and diabetes. According to experts, to lose weight, in the future people will not need to limit yourself to food.
photo: Natalia Muslinkina
White fat helps the person to store energy, brown – burn her, the beige one is able to “switch” between these two States. As researchers found, the cells of brown fat begin to perform the functions of white adipose tissue after absorb its own mitochondria. Further investigation revealed that the prevention of this process makes beige fat “stuck” in a state to help speed up metabolism.
Scientists have found a way to control the conversion of beige fat, controlling the expression of genes responsible for the destruction of mitochondria. In experiments on mice, the researchers found that regulation of these genes really helps to more efficiently burn fat and maintain a healthy weight even with abundant food. Also rodents, beige fat which is not “transformed” in white, much less showed signs of developing diabetes.
In the future experts expect based on the obtained insights to create new technology that can help people who suffer from obesity or diabetes. The researchers hope that they will be able to develop a particular drug, allowing the brown and beige fat efficiently burn energy, promote weight.
His research scientists published in the journal Cell Metabolism.