The new state Duma will not be like their predecessors. Not because of the seventh convocation will be many new faces (although it does happen a massive upgrade of the deputies), and by strengthening its political weight. The policy of openness and effectiveness of government, updating the elite objectively leads to the growth of the influence of the legislature.
Before the election of a new Parliament in less than four weeks – and after a couple of weeks, the State Duma of the seventh convocation will gather for its first meeting. In October we will see a new Parliament, and its novelty may be much greater than it seems now.
No, the seventh Duma will not “revolutionary”, as I would like the opponents of Putin – it supporters of the President will result in sustainable constitutional majority (i.e. more than 300 votes). Yes, it will be different – “United Russia” can lose even the absolute most (now she’s got a 238 out of 450 seats) – so Putin majority in society since the election of the previous one, the sixth, the Duma in December 2011 was different. Cursed the “regime fighters” of the parliamentary party KPRF, LDPR and CP support Putin, not because he intimidated or did pocket, but because their constituents support the President. A so-called non-systemic opposition itself has made every effort for their own marginalization.
And while no one not only of anti-Putin parties, but all of Medumsky parties will not be able to overcome the five percent barrier in the new Duma will appear intransigent radical antipatici – at the expense of single-member districts can take several representatives of the “Yabloko” or even PARNASSUS. But it will be interesting the new Duma. The direction of reforming the current political system of Russia will make the Parliament more powerful and heavy. Politics in Russia is simultaneously becoming more open and public, and more professional. So, deputies will have finally transformed from lobbyists to legislators. And the Duma to become a full-fledged centre of development and making strategic decisions on social and economic issues.
But what about the separation of powers? Because we have a government, subordinate to the President, and the Duma approves only the Prime Minister can not influence the composition and policies of the Cabinet. Yes, we have a presidential Republic, but who said that the President does not want the Duma more influence on the work of the government? Separation of powers does not mean constant conflict and especially war between the branches of government. As the party device of the Duma does not mean that parties cannot agree to horse-trade on that until the adoption of the necessary laws. Moreover, it is through the harmonization of interests of different groups of society – and of the party, ideally, should accurately reflect and protect the interests of different classes and social groups – and needs to develop a better motion vector of Russia.
This does not negate the enormous role of the President, i.e. the head of the Executive power – but, on the contrary, provides the only real opportunity for their execution. If to speak about a specific President, Putin, he never imposes on society of any scheme or ideology. Patriotism and protection of national interests can call ideology only our liberals-cosmopolitans, because in reality it is the “state minimum”, which by default, that is a completely natural way, should confess all working for the state people. Putin does not offer society schemes – instead, it expects the companies various ideas and proposals for the development of Russia.
And I think, strictly speaking, should be the place where these ideas, suggestions, discussed plans, run-in, embodied in laws or just are being adopted by Executive. Of course, in close contact with the government.
Well, it’s a pure abstraction – but the reality is different, say liberal critics of Putin. The Kremlin imposes on their projects and the ideology of the Duma, and it is their “stamps”. In this scheme, there’s one logical disconnect. After all, the same “liberals” believe the Duma is far more jingoistic than the same Putin – that is, as in 1996 (and a hundred years ago), based on the fact that “Supreme power is the only thing that protects us from an angry people.” The Duma is not a reactionary and not a manual, it is only sufficiently reflects the prevailing social mood.
And the fact that the sixth Duma is so often supported presidential proposals mean not that she’s so driven, and that the Kremlin offers something that meets the interests of most people. Because Putin wants to build something that takes the people, not to impose on him what he rejects.
And how to be with the government, financial and socio-economic units which are criticized in the Duma? Then Putin does not take into account the people’s opinion? Here is the exam, that is the essence of fiscal policy – does not fit with the opinion if not the majority, a very large part of society.
But here comes the right choice of the head of state who determines the policy of the government. If the company has the opposite point of view, from which you cannot compromise come to the third, middle way – he must dwell on that which seems to him more correct. So it was with the same exam. And in the end we see that the same power all these years more and more changes in the right direction, abandoning the guessing game in favor of creative thinking.
The same thing is happening with the financial-credit policy. It is impossible to “just” find a middle way between capitalism and socialism, but even between Kudrinskaya and glazewski models – and only the Russian economic thought can formulate the correct path of development of national economy. And to do so within the framework established under the President economic Council and the State Duma.
And most importantly, why change the relations between the Kremlin and the Duma between Duma and the government: changing ourselves of the challenges facing the government. In the zero years Putin had just to stop the fall, collect pillaged resources and powers – and the Duma, which was trying to use as a platform for revolution and redistribution of power in the country, was largely not an assistant, but something interfere underfoot, distracting his demagoguery from the real work to bring Russia into a manageable condition.
Why then was largely justified the policy of “damage control” – to make the Duma took the necessary Executive laws. As a result, the role of the Duma fell – and she turned and left the meeting all sorts of lobbyists and henchmen of the business (to a lesser extent oligarchic, but still). This Duma do not interfere with the running of the country, ensured the adoption of necessary laws, but by and large hasn’t been any good for either the country or the same Putin, because it has ceased to be a “place for discussion”.
But by the end of the zero objective of the gathering of the country have been generally fulfilled, and for its development it was necessary to hear the voice of society. Putin himself has needed it over the party struggle over corrupt officials. In 2011 he creates the popular front. But then the new Duma could not occur, because then, in 2011, the most influential part of the “elite” tried to use the elections to the state Duma as a pretext to get rid of Putin, is preparing for presidential elections.
But elected as a President and changing the team in charge in the Kremlin’s domestic policy, Putin began the same policy of nationalization of the elite, the most important of which was a course on fair elections, competitive and open. Crimea has led to the emergence of a new, non-partisan Pro-Putin majority in the society.
The deputies both at the Federal and local level were a “separate business” – and in the new Duma it will manifest fully. From regional officials began to demand not just to steal, but to honestly win the election and work, to listen, to explain my position real, not artificial community. The return of the election in single-mandate constituencies and the introduction of primaries “United Russia” also work on changing the quality of the deputies.
The new Duma will have a much larger impact on all stages of the legislative process, and the work of the Cabinet of Ministers. Increase the role of the Duma committees, more bills, which will take form of a law will be prepared within the walls of the Duma, there will be some redistribution of actual, not legal authority in favor of the lower chamber.
The Kremlin administration will not lose their coordinating political status – but that the new Duma will become the most important second center, which will be out in full force to match the interests of society and the government, to Express my opinion is not just parties and how different groups of society and people in General. It is the pairing of presidential and parliamentary government will be the main content of political life of Russia in the coming years.
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