A team of American neuroscientists conducted a study that aimed to figure out how to play on the development of short-term memory affect the brain people (especially children) and how such changes may impact on their further intellectual development. As it turned out, the direct impact of these games is still largely re-evaluated, but indirect benefits are for the child’s future is very high.
In the study, researchers invited children aged 8 to 11 years to undergo a series of exercises designed to develop short-term memory. Tasks for some of the young participants gradually became more complicated, while the other remained generally simple. However, the researchers observed how such training can alter the structure of children’s brains using a technology called magnetoencephalography. This technology allows to measure and visualize magnetic fields arising from electrical activity in the brain.
As it turned out, the training really had an impact on parts of the brain associated with memory and concentration, as well as the perception of visual images. The changes affected the frontal and parietal lobes of the brain. These changes really helped to improve short-term memory of children – those who during the first part of the experiment was performed the more difficult tasks later turned out to be better able to perform even unfamiliar exercises: according to scientists, this suggests that children it improved memory in General, and have not learned to pass a particular test.
Experts note that their study confirmed some existing theories that memory training directly improves a variety of cognitive skills, including intelligence, speed of information perception and so on. However, its main task – improvement of short term memory – these exercises really perform. This, according to the researchers, it is very important for the healthy development of children, as a good memory, enhances learning, and protects from such problems as attention deficit disorder and hyperactivity.