Moscow successfully overcomes the EU imposed obstacles to Russia’s new gas pipeline projects. In mid-August, the Russian and Turkish presidents Vladimir Putin and Recep Tayyip Erdogan agreed on resuscitation export route “Turkish stream”. Earlier, the Prime Minister of Bulgaria Boyko Borisov said that his country two hands for the resumption of the construction of the “South stream”. Finally confirmed that the Russian forces to make a new throw gas on the market of the Old world Deputy of “Gazprom” Alexander Medvedev, who said that another pipe, which until then had put a cross will be built. We are talking about the “Nord stream — 2”. All of these projects will allow Russia to refuse completely deliveries of “blue fuel” to Europe through the gas pipeline system of Ukraine.
August for Russia was a breakthrough month for the resolution of several problems in the gas industry. More precisely, the construction of new pipelines to Europe.
First, the Prime Minister of Bulgaria Boyko Borisov said that in the near future will be created Russian-Bulgarian working group on the resumption of the construction of “South stream”. It was planned to be laid under the Black sea to the Bulgarian Varna, and then through the Balkans to Italy and Austria. Construction began in December 2012 and wanted to complete in 2015.
Did not work — opposed to Brussels. He felt that “South stream” is contrary to the principles of the Third energy package of the EU, which does not allow the monopolization of the gas market of the Old world. The European Commission demanded that the pipe was filled with Russian fuel, but also raw materials of other suppliers. The project was shelved, but now he has found a second wind.
Roughly the same can be said about the “Turkish stream” — it is expected to build through the black sea waters in Turkey. Then the gas could go to Greece and then to other European countries.
However, the beginning of its construction was constantly postponed — Ankara from time to time disrupted the signing of the intergovernmental agreement. By and large, the Turks hoped for a discount for our gas. Sometimes it came to outright blackmail. So, in October 2015, during a visit to Japan, Erdogan said that Turkey will receive not only the Russian gas, but the raw material of many other places. It would be a great loss for Russia”.
But then Ankara has come to the conclusion that I was wrong: the construction of an alternative “Turkish stream” routes — the TRANS-Anatolian gas pipeline from Azerbaijan and the TRANS-Adriatic pipeline (Caspian) — comes with a scratch and will not be completed before 2020-ies, because you need to rely on more reliable projects. So the meeting with Vladimir Putin, Erdogan promised that he would make every effort to the construction of the pipe from Russia again will come out on top.
Now turn the intensive care unit of another gas pipeline to Europe from our country — Nord stream — 2″, which would pass under the Baltic sea to Germany. It also and the “South stream” frozen due to difficulties with the Third energy package. But as the days, said the Deputy head of “Gazprom” Alexander Medvedev, it is implemented on schedule. “We answered all the questions on the objections. Decided that we will not wait” — said Medvedev.
All these projects will give Russia the ability to completely stop exporting gas to Europe through Ukrainian gas transport system. Our country, this will allow fine save. As said the head of “Gazprom” Alexey Miller, the transport of gas to Europe through Ukraine is more expensive by 20% than the very same Nord stream — 2″. For the next 25 years transit through Ukraine will cost Gazprom $25-42 billion of unnecessary costs. Nord stream-2 will cost twice cheaper. By the way, the pipeline construction at hand to the West, as the project involves a European company. According to Miller, the savings due to the refusal of Ukrainian pipes will allow you to pay shareholders Nord Stream dividends of $7 billion.
But Ukraine, if the pipes stop to pump gas, they will become a common scrap. Income of Kyiv from transportation of Russian gas to Europe account for a considerable share of budget revenues, which is scarce.