…Today in the world there were only two — he and Robert Mugabe in Zimbabwe. But if Mugabe was born two years earlier, came to power in 1980, Fidel Castro led Cuba fifty-seven and a half years ago, two years before the birth of Barack Obama.
Like most successful revolutionaries of the twentieth century, Castro was born not from the poor. His father, a Galician immigrant (born, sad to say, as much as in 1875), became a successful landowner, and Fidel received a good education, he entered the University of Havana, but, like Lenin, were more engaged not science, and revolutionary theory and practice.
In those years in Cuba, there was the typical Latin American mode: with the ubiquitous corruption, powerful mafia, social stratification and politically active student leaders one of which was Fidel Castro, from a young age demonstrated the traits of a confident leader, harizmatika that attracted followers. Notorious Batista, by the way, came later, and at that time Cuba was ruled by a democratically elected presidents, which, however, did not bring happiness to the population. Not believing in the opportunity to improve the lives of the people on the American model — through elections, Castro chose the path of armed struggle.
Then everything went according to Brodsky:
The silence of the night under the canopy of the virgin forest
Juarez, acting as the engine of progress,
completely forgotten how to look like two pesos
the peons of the new rifle is issued.
Only instead of the non-radical Huereca peons seduced cryptomancer Castro, have already realized the truth of communism, but from time to time hide it to yourself, so as not to scare the bourgeois fellow-travellers needed at the time.
Fulgencio Batista, by that time, seized power and hard still denigrate advocates of the old school, was actually operetta dictator, not able to take decisive suppression of a few rebels. A guerrilla war with the Castro brothers was fought largely in the pages of American Newspapers, whose reporters were hunting for a sensational interview of commander, in which they saw the Cuban Washington. In the end, abandoned by Washington (i.e. the US) Batista fled the island, giving power to Fidel.
The Americans badly miscalculated. Castro has not sought to build a democracy on the model of the United States. On the island, whose main occupation was to supply Northern neighbor sugar, rum, cigars and to serve as a brothel and drug den for American tourists, he wanted to build a powerful socialist economy. This could not lead to the nationalization of the property of American capitalists, which in turn resulted in a trade blockade, which was convenient to write off all problems and difficulties
Further known: the invasion of the Bay of Pigs, “homeland or death”, the Cuban missile crisis, the outcome Th. After 1962, in principle, nothing interesting, and Castro reaped the fruits of his previous activity. The flame of hope associated with the Cuban revolution, had covered it in a positive light, though it slowly turned into the aging and uninteresting dictator from the novel by his friend Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s “autumn of the Patriarch”.
Installing the totalitarian regime in Latin America, Castro nevertheless was not an odious tyrant like Pinochet or Duvalier. The wind of socialism and Marxism was blowing in his sails, and Western intellectuals competed in his praise or excuse. Under his leadership, a small country played in the 60-80 e a disproportionately large role in world politics, Castro intervened in conflicts around the world: from Angola and Ethiopia to Nicaragua and El Salvador.
With the “big brother” Fidel was acting cautiously, respectfully, but whatever. Moscow drew attention to the troubled revolutionary in the mid 50’s, when he holed up in Mexico city in exile once the contact is established through intelligence agent Nikolai Leonov and Raul. For Khrushchev, Castro became the most valuable discovery through Cuba Nikita thought stabbing into the soft American underbelly. And because in the early 60 x cult of Fidel in the USSR were distended especially good. Attracted and tropical Exotica, and the informality of the young barbudos: Yevtushenko wrote poetry, Kobzon sang songs, dressed Cuban guerrillas. Under Brezhnev, the enthusiasm — both official and unofficial, is faded, but the Soviet Union regularly subsidized the Island’s economy of freedom: alternatives to a policy did not exist.
The most important question — why is Cuba not happened perestroika — rhetorician. Restructuring is impossible during the lifetime of the first generation of revolutionaries. Unreal was the reform on Sino-Vietnamese model — not for the Castro brothers made the revolution in order to compete in attracting foreign investment. Cuba, incidentally, has denied popular in Russia, the thesis that gorbachevschina de was inevitable. In conditions of economic collapse in the 90s regime, like North Korea, held no particular reforms according to the principle known joke: “You’ll eat less!”. Even the restoration of diplomatic relations with the United States under Obama was the result of American initiative and not the request of Havana.
Unlike Lenin or Stalin, Fidel Castro was a real Latin macho sexually active, with many mistresses and illegitimate children. This love of life had given him a special charm. Unfortunate then that the Western homosexuals also reached out to Cuba, expecting to find a tropical Paradise of free love, but were cruelly deceived in their best expectations after the introduction of antigeyskih laws on the island. Traditional machismo would not tolerate bourgeois dissoluteness and decadence.
Cuba revealed a new world, so this is an example of a highly effective “mass dictatorship.” Now fifty-seven and a half years, Raul Castro securely props up Fidel. Especially because it sounded ridiculous ten years ago, the news that the reins are handed a “young” seventy-five years old Raul, who now has helped to mitigate, refreshing, and warming.
Sometimes it seems incredible that our contemporary is the person who belonged to the ranks long ago sunk into Oblivion leaders. Fidel Castro talked on equal terms with Khrushchev and Nixon, Sukarno and Tito, Nasser and Nehru, Gomulka. Effectively poster-Che Guevara was his closest associate, but did not stay long — the revolution will not tolerate the two charismatic leaders together. Cuban Trotsky could not leave the local Lenin. Raul is why it was indispensable for so many years, because he knew how to keep a low profile from behind brother.
Of course, Fidel is an extraordinary man: he speaker, and organizer, strategist, and publicist. He has an iron will, he has the gift to charm people, is able to foresee the development of events and every time to make the choice, allowing him to retain power for nearly sixty years. It is not Gaddafi and not Hussein — narcissistic losers. A boy from the Cuban province that sent a naive email to the White house to President Roosevelt asking for ten dollars, was the one who sent tens of thousands of soldiers worldwide. Castro is one of the icons of the XX century. From the point of view of self-realization, he realized a hundred, and even malicious cigar Smoking prior to 1985 did not prevent him to celebrate the ninetieth birthday. But what he will go down in history — to solve the Cubans ahead of of which difficult times.Related posts: