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Friday, March 23, 2018

Putin and Erdogan agreed to restore relations between Russia and Turkey

The meeting of Putin and Erdogan, signifying the reconciliation between Moscow and Ankara, finally took place. After the conversation, Putin assured that the relationship will be restored to pre-crisis level, and Erdogan is going to even raise this bar. Against this background, there were some interesting details of the appearance of a conciliatory letter to the Turkish leader, which began with the restoration of relations between the two countries.

Restoration of Charter communications, resuscitation of the project “Turkish stream” and the situation in the middle East are just a few of the topics that were discussed at the meeting of Russian President Vladimir Putin and his Turkish counterpart, Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

“Your visit today, despite a very difficult domestic political situation in Turkey, says that we all want the resumption of our dialogue”

A two-hour conversation the two leaders held a Greek living in Constantine Palace in Strelna near St. Petersburg. Prior to that, Putin and Erdogan met on 16 November 2015 in Antalya on the sidelines of the G20 summit.

From the Russian side the talks were attended by foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and supervising the foreign policy presidential aide Yuri Ushakov. The delegation included Minister of foreign Affairs mevlüt çavuşoğlu and Deputy Secretary General of the presidential office Ibrahim Kalin.

First in the hall, Putin came, then a few minutes later, Erdogan. The leaders greeted each other by shaking hands. Taking their seats in chairs that shared a small table, Putin and Erdogan made a brief statement about the themes of the upcoming talks, after which the meeting continued without the presence of the press.

Talks behind closed doors lasted for almost two hours. Surrounded by the Turkish leader noted that in their course as a whole was “very good” attitude. Then they resumed in an enlarged format with the participation of delegations. In particular, they were joined by the head of national intelligence organization Hakan Fidan and the chief of the General staff of the Russian Armed forces, first Deputy head of the defense Ministry Valery Gerasimov.

“There was a substantive and constructive conversation,”

At the final press conference, Putin said that the talks were constructive, the meeting is important for the future of Russian-Turkish relations. “We had a very substantive and, I would like to emphasize constructive conversation on a whole range of bilateral relations and international agenda”, – he said, adding that “we have hard work for revival of trade and economic relations”.

In relations with Russia, Turkey, special attention will be given to increasing investment. Russia intends to gradually lift restrictions on Turkish companies. According to the head of the Russian state, Turkey has taken a positive decision on the resumption of the project of gas pipeline “Turkish stream” and NPP construction “Akkuyu. And Russia, said Putin, decided on the resumption of Charter flights to Turkey.

As explained by Putin, in the coming weeks, Russia will prepare a medium-term program for cooperation with Turkey for the years 2016-2019.

Vladimir Putin also explained that the higher interests of the peoples of Russia and Turkey require the restoration of relations, not only for pragmatic reasons but also for reasons of good neighbourliness. “I would like to say: Yes, we went through a very difficult time in our bilateral relations, but we would all really like and we feel that we want it and our Turkish friends to overcome difficulties in the interests of the Turkish citizens and citizens of Russia. The highest interests of our peoples, our countries need to restore the level of our bilateral relations. And not only pragmatically, but on grounds of long-term good-neighbourliness and friendship between the peoples of Turkey and Russia”, – said Putin.

In turn, Erdogan assured that Turkey will bring relations with Moscow pre-crisis and even higher level. “We have the political will to do it. Public opinion of our countries expect from us. As a result of negotiations held today, political, socio-economic, humanitarian relations between Russia and Turkey will finally be withdrawn to the well-deserved level that was peculiar to them before the crisis,” Erdogan said.

He called the talks “substantive and meaningful”. According to Erdogan, Turkey is determined to cooperate with Russia in the sphere of defense industry and to provide the status of strategic investment project “Turkish stream.”

“Supreme interests of our peoples, our countries need to restore the level of our bilateral relations. And not only pragmatically, but on grounds of long-term good-neighbourliness”

“Explain to them the current situation in Syria”

A meeting between Russian and Turkish leaders welcomed one of the leaders of the moderate Syrian opposition head National coalition of opposition and revolutionary forces of Syria (NKORS) ANAS al-Abda. He described the conversation between Putin and Erdogan “positive step” in finding a solution to the Syrian conflict. “We consider the Turkish President as a key ally of the Syrian people, he has a chance to offer ideas and initiatives of Russian and explain them the current situation in Syria,” – said the head of NKORS at a press conference in Istanbul.

We will add that on Tuesday, more details emerged about the letter of Erdogan to Putin, which has become a factor of reconciliation of the two leaders. How did you find the Turkish newspaper Hurriyet, in connection with incident with the Russian su-24 was written in Russian. Erdogan used the word “sorry”.

In addition, the reconciliation process has affected the role of intermediaries, who were Turkish businessman Javid Çağlar and President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev. According to sources, in late April, the chief of staff told Erdogan that you can try to resolve the crisis in relations between the two countries through the Çağlar who has a business in Dagestan. Çağlar familiar with the regional head Ramazan Abdulatipov, and he has access to in charge of the foreign policy of the Russian presidential aide Yuri Ushakov. “After meeting with Çağlar Akar and in Istanbul on 30 April, Erdogan gave the operation the green light,” writes the newspaper.

“I’m sorry” instead of oggu”

Contact person in relations with Ushakov Turkey he appointed his press Secretary, Kalin, which was the draft version of the letter of apology to Erdogan to Putin. “By Çağlar and abdulatipova has earned Shuttle diplomacy, in the process, both parties have edited and changed the form and content of the letter,” adds the newspaper.

Ambassador of Kazakhstan in Ankara, Zhanseit Tuimebayev 22 June caused the press Secretary of Erdogan for urgent messages. According to the newspaper, after a meeting with Putin in St. Petersburg, Nazarbaev said that if Erdogan is ready to send a letter to the President of Russia is ready to accept it. The following day the Ambassador sent an urgent message to Kalin and reported that the President of Kazakhstan intends to meet with Putin on the morning of 24 June in Tashkent before the end of the SCO summit. If a letter, even a little edited, it was possible to deliver by this time, it could help restore relations.

The Kalin immediately reported this to Erdogan, who, in turn, was summoned to the office of the chief of staff. At the same time press Secretary of the President of Turkey made a new draft of the letter of Erdogan and together with the Russian translators and diplomats from the Embassy of Kazakhstan in Ankara was selected for writing the Russian word for “sorry”. It “was stronger than “regret” (oggo), but not as strong as “apology” (apology)”, says the newspaper.

The text of the letter was written in Russian language. Erdogan signed the letter, and Kalin immediately left with him from Ankara to 3 a.m. on June 24. In Istanbul the plane with the press Secretary took Çağlar, his Advisor and a translator, and at 4.30 am, the aircraft flew to Tashkent.

According to the newspaper, Turkish foreign Minister managed to get permission to flight through Georgia, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan, however, the airspace of Uzbekistan was closed due to passing in the country of the SCO summit. Nazarbayev invited the Turks to reach Tashkent from Kazakhstan Shymkent on his presidential helicopter, but the Turkish aircraft didn’t have fuel. Then the head of Kazakhstan addressed to the President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov and asked for permission to fly “his friends from Turkey,” Karimov approved it. When the plane with the Turkey landed in Tashkent around 12.15, Nazarbayev was waiting for them. The President of Kazakhstan asked to show him the Russian version of the letter, carefully read and said: “Good.”

According to the newspaper, the Turks only then learned that Putin and his delegation were in the next room. Nazarbayev asked Ushakov to join him and informed him that the letter was acceptable.

The paper argues that while Ushakov showed the letter to the President of Russia and brought the Turkish delegation. According to him, Putin approved the text, despite the fact that it considered “a little closer to the Turkish position” because of the word found instead of asking for forgiveness. The Kalin and Ushakov agreed that the statement of the letter will be done on 27 June in Moscow after his look Ankara.

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