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Tuesday, October 25, 2016

Georgia can not get used to the results of the conflict of August 2008

The anniversary of the August 2008 war the Georgian authorities have assurances of a “peaceful unification of the country”, the opposition to criticize the current authorities and of appeals to put Saakashvili, and Saakashvili himself for the revelations about the Ukrainian military assistance to Georgia during the invasion of Russia”. Has anything changed in the Georgian and the South Ossetian society’s perception of the tragedy of eight years ago?

On Monday in Georgia, South Ossetia and Abkhazia recalled the tragic events of eight years ago.

In Tbilisi, the event was held with the participation of Prime Minister George Kvirikashvili, who, along with members of the government and President Giorgi Margvelashvili visited the mass grave in the cemetery Mukhadgverdi, where are buried the soldiers killed during the five-day war in August 2008. “Eight years have passed since the tragic events in the recent history of Georgia, – said Kvirikashvili. – Despite the fact that the war lasted only a few days, our country has received a very big blow”.

“On the night of 7 to 8 August there was a big crime. Picture appears slowly…”

The Georgian Prime Minister could not help but mention the “Russian occupation” of South Ossetia and Abkhazia (official Tbilisi as when Mikheil Saakashvili, and under the current regime claims to have lost Abkhazia and “the Tskhinvali region” Russia’s fault).

“Even more alienated from the Abkhazians and Ossetians”

However, in contrast to the times of Saakashvili, the current official line implies the expectation of “peaceful reunification” of the country. Kvirikashvili has said that he sees no alternative to peaceful development and unification of the country, which is impossible without the participation of the “international community”. President Margvelashvili agreed with the Prime Minister, promised: “We will truly reunite Georgia, and not military, but peaceful way.”

However, as stated Kvirikashvili, as a result of this war, we are even more alienated from the Abkhazians and Ossetians”.

Confirmation of this should be considered as the words of the President of South Ossetia Leonid Tibilov, who, speaking at the memorial rally in Tskhinvali, said: “the share of our nation in recent years, since the 90-ies of the last century, took many tests, the most monstrous of which was an attack on sleeping Tskhinval on the night of 7 to 8 August 2008”.

Tibilov added that the August war has divided the life of the Ossetian people in two: “Before” our life was in a state of permanent wars and tensions where people felt waiting for death. And “after” – when Russia saved us and recognized the independence of our country, and our people have achieved freedom.”

To investigate and prosecute

The Georgian opposition has chosen the day of the beginning of the war for critical attacks last and the current government. The former speaker of Parliament, leader of the opposition “Democratic movement” Nino Burjanadze urged to improve relations with Russia, “that never happened what happened here eight years ago.” According to her, it is necessary to investigate the events of August 2008 and is required to punish those responsible.

“Then President (now the Governor of Odessa Mikhail Saakashvili) and the government bear the constitutional responsibility for what has not preserved the country’s peace and prevent the danger,” – said Burjanadze.

Speaking about the establishment of relations with Russia, Burjanadze gave an example of the current level of “strategic alliances” of Washington and Tokyo. “The challenge always is to build relationships with those who have problems and difficulties,” she said, Recalling that the States once bombed Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

“Thanks to the Ukrainian system shot down 12 Russian bombers”

Itself eks-the President of Georgia and current Governor of the Odessa region Mikhail Saakashvili on the anniversary of the war 08.08.08″ “the gift” of their new home. He said that Kiev, during the conflict in 2008 was supplied by the Tbilisi air defense and preparing the Georgian military specialists. “Ukraine gave us the system “Buk” and “OSA” and some ammunition to each system. Thanks to these systems, we shot down 12 Russian bombers”, – Saakashvili stated.

Thus, the former President of Georgia confirmed the suspicions of Moscow, which has repeatedly said that air defense systems to shoot down Russian planes that participated in the operation to force Georgia to peace, worked in Ukrainian calculations.

The memory of the war eight years ago I decided to update and Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko, who said that the military conflict between Russia and Georgia in 2008, was allegedly the “prologue” to the current situation in the Donbass.

A killer way to “resolve issues”

August 8, 2008, at about 00.15, Georgian forces subjected the South Ossetian capital Tskhinvali shelling from rocket launchers “Grad”, which was the beginning of the five-day war.

The first strike of the Georgian army took over the Russian peacekeepers. Them and Ossetian armed forces managed to hold the city and wait for reinforcements, which pushed the Georgian troops.

The attempt of Saakashvili’s regime by force “to enable” long-standing ethnic conflict, Russia has responded with action to restore constitutional order and forced Georgia to peace. After five days of fighting killed more than a thousand people, of which 72 – Russian soldiers.

At the end of the conflict, Georgia has completely lost control over its held areas of South Ossetia and over the Abkhazian Kodori gorge. The conflict of “hung” (with the prospect of the permission with the participation of Russia and other intermediaries) have become resolved in favor of South Ossetia and Abkhazia. Moscow and four other countries – member of the UN recognized the independence of both republics. Since 2009 in South Ossetia and Abkhazia on a permanent basis are Russian military bases.

“No integration”

According to experts, despite periodic internal political troubles in South Ossetia and Abkhazia against Georgia in Sukhum and Tskhinval in 2008 has not changed one iota.

Columnist and political analyst Yevgeny Krutikov said that in due time Tbilisi attempted to strengthen humanitarian form of acquisition, “but with the arrival of Saakashvili, these attempts were curtailed, there was a bet on an armed solution.”

“Neither in Abkhazia nor in South Ossetia, there are no forces neither at the political nor at the household level, which could speak or raise a question about any reintegratsii part of the Georgian state as much as it may look. Under any political scheme in Tbilisi speech about any form of integration with the Georgian state, simply can not be,” Krutikov said the newspaper VIEW.

He noted that the passing time, which separates all the war (whether the war 2008, the conflict in 2004, wars 1993 or 1991) did not alter neither the psychological nor the political situation in Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

Have you changed the perception of the five-day war in Georgia?

“A crime has occurred. The picture appears gradually

The anniversary not only lay wreaths and commemorate the dead, but also tell you something that previously shunned. Knowledgeable expert Mamuka Areshidze told the portal ambebi.ge (“news”), which before the war was not the political will to stop the tragic course of events. He reminded that Georgia withdrew from the joint control Commission.

“On the night of 7 to 8 August there was a big crime. The picture appears gradually,” he said. In particular, according to him, Georgian troops suddenly received orders to move four hours earlier, what was not ready. “This has led to the disruption,” he says.


Georgian journalists uprooted from the land border sign between South Ossetia and Georgia. Pointer with the inscription “Republic of South Ossetia” they first trampled, then thrown into a pile of garbage. According to them, Russia illegally moved the border into Georgia at General, according to Areshidze, “it seems that one big provocation consisted of miscellaneous small ones. I also think that among the Georgians there were people who served the interests of the enemy. Do not rule out that the second side was a necessary sacrifice in order to justify their goals. All of this needs to be investigated. This result is necessary to never more than the interests of Georgia will not suffer from strange adventures Georgian and foreign politicians,” he said.

Under the interview of Mamuka Areshidze to the website a lot of comments. This is also a reflection of public opinion. Basically that’s what users write: “We have lost this war in any form. And America is not a military conflict with Russia. In this method, only a madman or a traitor. Our Mike was and so and others.” Or here’s another: “National movement” (the party of the Governor of Odessa) must be convicted by the Tribunal. This should require the people of Georgia.”

Until 2008, South Ossetia was not completely lost

Eight years later, in the public mind in Georgia the events of August 2008- the tragedy which has no equal in modern history. There is already a robust “regulations” which to the present day in the political spectrum of Georgia and the usual narrow-minded circles prevail. Let’s try to understand some of them.

The first is that, whoever was to blame for the war, the “bottom line” – the loss of South Ossetia and Abkhazia. Although Abkhazia is fair to say, not only did not participate directly in the war, but was isolated from Georgia after the armed conflict of 1992-1993.

With South Ossetia the situation was different. Was a bloody conflict in 1989-1992, but by the mid-90s was adjusted human relationships. There was free movement of people, goods, money. From Tbilisi, it was quite possible to arrive in South Ossetia on the bus and by the famous Ossetian beer in the center of Tskhinvali in Georgian lari. And Vice versa – the Ossetians quietly out in Georgia. The larger role played by close kinship ties.

And was still the Ergneti market on the border, which has become a symbol of the restoration of relations after the first war. Yes, it was a haven for smugglers, however, Eduard Shevardnadze, for the sake of maintaining relations between Georgians and Ossetians in General have a blind eye to it. Peacekeeping format in South Ossetia was generally unprecedented, served together Russian, Georgian and Ossetian battalions.


On the evening of 7 August at the Patriarch’s ponds in Moscow rally in memory of the victims of the Georgian aggression against South Ossetia. The water was lowered 387 candles just as many residents of the small Republic were killed in armed conflict in August 2008 goudadragon of the matter is that the problem of the status of South Ossetia. It “postponed”. However, Shevardnadze did not worry – the main thing that did not shoot and was stable. This allowed for more resolution in Abkhazia.

The responsibility of Saakashvili and his team

Did the head of Georgia Mikhail Saakashvili, as soon, in 2004, occurred the first clash between Georgians and Ossetians. Saakashvili was encouraged by the fact that subjugated the region have fled from Aslan Abashidze, its long-term ruler. It became evident that Saakashvili is not today, so tomorrow will try to get a new – this time it was in need of South Ossetia. Add to this that at the beginning of the war, the rating of Saakashvili was inside the Georgian society is low.

At the end of 2007, under pressure from the opposition, he resigned to soon having questionable 53 percent, to go back to the post. There is little doubt in Georgia that these numbers were fake. But the Americans could not so quickly to abandon the project of the “rose revolution” and supported the “Mike”. And he himself needed something that would unite the society around him. Or at least would force to silence the opposition. And a small victorious war would fit perfectly.

So we turn to well-established postulate number two. It is the responsibility of Saakashvili personally, and of the then authorities. The part of the government and MPs during the fighting shamefully fled from Georgia. The Chairman of the Parliament of that period, David Bakradze, urged citizens to defend themselves against the Russian military “knives and forks”. In Georgian society can not forgive the panicky behavior of Saakashvili during the war.

Tbilisi also need to understand why, in the decisions of the military interfered with civilian persons, such as have already been incarcerated on other charges, the former mayor of Tbilisi Gigi Ugulava. And not only he, but other members of the entourage of Saakashvili.

Resentment against Russia and a pragmatic hope

The following postulate is resentment against Russia. Russia – “the occupier”, otherwise at the political level about her serious did say.

Tbilisi calls Abkhazia and South Ossetia as “occupied territories.” But the current government, but they are obviously much more realistic and pragmatic old, just want peace with Abkhazians and Ossetians. All the time offer them life in a common state. I hope that at some point, the Abkhaz and Ossetians with Georgians “go to Europe”.

But this is another story, but the fact that medical projects, which in Georgia is very effective, like in Abkhazia and South Ossetia, talking about it a lot. The Abkhazians and Ossetians to come secretly like to be treated in Georgia. It should be understood that the set of such “tempting” offers the current government is limited.

To rely only on themselves

The fourth dogma is that of Georgia it is necessary to hope only for themselves. The West calls for, regretted, and condemned… but will not return Abkhazia and South Ossetia. No talks with Russia on this direction Georgia will not have progress. By the way, all Western institutions support the Georgians in their efforts to negotiate with Russia.

And the West itself is easier to talk with Moscow, including on the Georgian issues. And again I must admit that the current government of Georgia in the negotiations with the “invaders” reached the maximum. What’s next is the question, but what is the level of trust between the Georgian and Russian does not compare to Saakashvilis” is obvious: it is enough to visit Tbilisi and Batumi and see how a lot of guests from Russia and how well they are treated. In Georgia hope that if not today then tomorrow this may become a springboard for political breakthroughs.

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