What is happening in Venezuela, reminiscent of the events on the Maidan. But not quite
March 7, 2014, 17:50
Text: Mikhail Moshkin
Message from Caracas is strikingly reminiscent of recent reports from Kiev. Unrest continued for more than a month, there are casualties on both sides. Society is divided, Washington “expresses concern,” human rights activists demand international intervention. But President Nicolas Maduro, in contrast, Viktor Yanukovych, yet firmly holds the power.
According to Venezuelan authorities, the total number of those killed during mass opposition rallies (ongoing since the beginning of February) reached 20 people, despite the fact that the President Nicolas Maduro, successor to Hugo Chavez, says about 50 of the victims. Under arrest not less than 700 opposition activists.
According to Reuters, yesterday while attempting to dismantle a barricade on a street in Caracas two people were killed, one of whom was a soldier of the “national guard” (similar to Ukrainian “Berkut”). The speaker of the Venezuelan Parliament Diosdado Cabello said that these two people died from the bullets of snipers, who have entrenched themselves in a nearby house, which also can not call in your reports of snipers, from whose hands were killed and Maidan activists and fighters of “Berkut”.
The Associated Press, telling about the murder, says that the second victim when trying to parse the protesters erected a barricade was a member of one of the groups of bikers – Venezuelan motorizados, as well as the Crimean “Night wolves”, were implacable opponents of the opposition.
Venezuela, according to the statement of the self-proclaimed Prime Minister of Ukraine Arseniy Yatsenyuk, may prove to be one of the few countries that recognize the outcome of the referendum on self-determination of Crimea.
Overseas “leaders of revolution”, clearly inspired by the success of the Maidan is a graduate of Harvard, lawyer Leopoldo Lopez and a member of Parliament Corina Machado urged the students to continue to rally, setting the example of Ukraine: “we Must follow this path without weakening the pressure, and then the government will fall.”
“The Nazis held”
In Ukraine, as well as in Venezuela, the protests began with peaceful protests of students, but during the deployment of the confrontation in opposition rallies became a prominent role to play ultra. “Detained leaders of the various groups and the Nazis, who called for mass riots and the construction of barricades in different cities of the country,” – said on March 5, Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro, who a year ago took the top job after the death of the leader of the Bolivarian revolution, Hugo Chavez.
In those days, when Ukraine destroyed a Lenin statue, in Venezuela beheaded statue of Chavez. There is a match and literally. Like a month ago for Yanukovych, Maduro “headache” have become the Western province – in the border States of Tachira, Merida, Zulia actively support the paramilitary groups from Colombia.
Authorities accused in the ongoing external forces. It’s like neighboring Panama, which on the eve of Venezuela broke diplomatic relations, and the United States in mid-February, Maduro has ordered to expel three American diplomats, accusing Washington of “work” with the Venezuelan opposition. Recall, as assistant to the head of the state Department Victoria Nuland worked closely with the leaders of the Maidan Yatsenyuk, Klitschko and Tyagnibok.
Kerry: “Democracy is not the way to behave”
Washington, in turn, does not get tired to protest. “Democracies do not behave,” said February 23, Secretary of state John Kerry, who called for the immediate release of all detained Venezuelan opposition. In may last year, the same Kerry almost in the same terms required to release Yulia Tymoshenko.
Not far behind and non-governmental organizations. It is reported that the group of “six of the best experts of the UN on human rights, torture and arbitrary detention” asked Caracas to explain about the use of excessive force and violence against protesters and journalists.
“The reconciliatory dialogue that is so badly needed in Venezuela cannot take place if political leaders, students, media and journalists have faced harassment and intimidation by the authorities”, – said in the statement, which human rights group offers itself as a go-between between the government and the opposition.
This is reminiscent of the statements which before the change of power in Ukraine did international NGOs – for example, in late January, Human Rights Watch called on “international partners of Ukraine to exert pressure on it to investigate human rights violations during protests”.
The official leader of the Venezuelan opposition Henrique Capriles, speaking on February 24 at Caracas ‘Maidan’, said he was ready for talks with Maduro. Just three days before that the Maidan leaders held talks and signed an agreement with Viktor Yanukovych. But the next day in Kiev was a coup.
“Nicolas Maduro – not Yanukovych”
What is happening these days in Venezuela can really remind Ukraine on the eve of the overthrow of Yanukovych, for example, that the local “Maidan” began with speeches by students, said Deputy Director of Institute of Latin America FANO Vladimir Sudarev. But as the expert said in an interview with the newspaper OPINION, between the revolutionary developments in the two countries are fundamentally different.
“There are some similarities, but the fundamental difference is that in Venezuela the government is so strong, so centralized power structures so hold literally everything is under control, such a pressure on the authorities, as in Ukraine, can not speak, – said sir. – In Ukraine almost came anarchy, so there proved to Bandera bandits”.
The Venezuelan regime, according to Sudareva, “it is reminiscent of authoritarian, anyway”. “Despite the appalling economic situation – 56% inflation, shortages of food, despite the crime rate, however, still the army are one, there is no fermentation in the officer corps, there is no split in the leadership, to the President Maduro, says the specialist. – Nicolas Maduro, definitely not a strong President, but it is not Yanukovych, who took it and ran away”. Besides, said sir, as far as we know, Maduro, unlike Yanukovych, does not keep funds in foreign banks.
The expert believes that the late Comandante Chavez left Venezuela a “very heavy legacy”. “What else brings Venezuela and Ukraine is split. Both countries are divided almost in half, stresses sir. But Venezuela is not divided on a geographical basis as Ukraine, but because half of the population supports the opposition, and the other half of the power structure and the ruling party”.
“President Maduro under a certain external pressure still offered the opposition to hold a dialogue and, possibly, in the future to form a coalition government”. But the opposition has so radically that he does not want to take responsibility for what is happening in Venezuela to get the country out of economic crisis, says sir.
“On the other hand, while the government controls the situation, although opposition takes to the streets of the crowd of students, before the actual attempt to seize power thing just don’t get it,” – emphasizes the expert. In the end, the leader of the radical organization “people’s will” (which can be taken for the Venezuelan analogue of the “Right sector*”) Leopoldo Lopez earlier voluntarily surrendered to the authorities.
* Organization in respect of which the court accepted entered into legal force decision on liquidation or ban the activities on the grounds stipulated by the Federal law “On countering extremist activity”Related posts: