Ukraine, it seems, is celebrating a new holiday – the Day of Repentance. The President of the country Petro Poroshenko said that Ukrainians should apologize to the poles during the Volyn massacre, Warsaw recognized the genocide. With a similar appeal addressed to the citizens of the people’s Deputy Nadezhda Savchenko, but she offers to repent for the Donbass. Experts estimate it as a very strong political move.
That the Ukrainians should bring the poles of the apology, the Ukrainian President wrote on his page in Facebook on Friday. “We must return to the commandments of John Paul II forgive and ask for forgiveness,” he wrote. Poroshenko also appealed to the peoples of Ukraine and Poland and stressed that “only together we will be able to find out all the facts of the tragic pages of common history”.
“We forgive and ask forgiveness”
“She is clever. She is the only person with a high level of trust, says such loving things”
“We regret the decision of the Polish Sejm. I know many will want to use it for political speculation,” – wrote Poroshenko on his page in Facebook, commenting on the decision on the recognition of the Volyn massacre as genocide. The Ukrainian head of state noted that in this situation, two people must come together for reconciliation and unity.
Ukrainian MPs have a somewhat different, less peaceful position. “The adoption by the Senate and the Sejm of the Polish anti-Ukrainian decrees negates all constructive political and diplomatic developments and the efforts of the two States and peoples to mutual forgiveness and reconciliation, and the memory of the innocent victims of Ukrainians and poles”, – quotes the statement of the Verkhovna Rada, RIA “Novosti”.
We will remind that on July 22, the Polish Sejm approved the recognition of the Volyn massacre a genocide, and approved July 11 day of remembrance of the victims of this event. A July 8 the Senate of Poland recognized the Armenian genocide, the events of the Volyn massacre. In turn, Petro Poroshenko, while in Warsaw at the NATO summit, laid flowers to the monument to the victims of the Volyn tragedy. Two of the relevant Committee of the lower house of the Polish Parliament approved the wording of “genocide” in a resolution on crimes of the organization of Ukrainian nationalists (OUN) and Ukrainian insurgent army* (*UPA) in Volhynia in 1943-1944.
“Have to apologize”
Called on his people repent and Hope Savchenko. So, she’s in the air “the Fifth channel said, “we may have to ask for forgiveness. Not maybe, for sure. Need to ask for forgiveness and to forgive, otherwise the world will not.” The question of who exactly need to ask for forgiveness, Savchenko replied: “the mother who lost a son. No matter which side”.
Previously Savchenko has repeatedly expressed a position contrary to the opinion of many Ukrainians. So, July 14, she called for a national referendum on decentralization and federalization, noting that it achieves this independence, and that, in fact, achieves now the Donbass. A June 20 meeting of the PACE Committee Savchenko moved from Ukrainian into Russian and expressed readiness to talk with Russia and with the representatives of Donbass.
Moreover, after his return to Ukraine Savchenko said that the problem of Donbass should be resolved through direct negotiations with the leaders of the breakaway DNR and LC. She also volunteered to personally negotiate with the leaders of the breakaway republics.
Statements about the need of an apology, is completely contrary to the position of official Kiev authorities. The appeal of Savchenko to apologize and repent of Ukrainians to the residents of Donbas were welcomed by the people of Ukraine and the authorities in bayonets. Thus, the adviser to the interior Minister of Ukraine, Verkhovna Rada Deputy Anton Gerashchenko indignantly responded.
“When I saw the link to this quote Hope Savchenko, I didn’t at first,” wrote Gerashchenko in Facebook, adding that Savchenko, “maybe we should ask for forgiveness from Givi with Motorola,” but “we ask for forgiveness we will not.” Gerashchenko urged to pay attention to how openly publicized trial in Russia over Savchenko. In his words, “spinning it as he could.” “Now, it seems, is clear – in the minds of Ukrainians, Putin has introduced a “Trojan horse”, he added.
“The peacemaker” and “traitor”
Opinion in Ukraine about how to behave after the official recognition of the massacre of Volyn genocide in Poland, divided. Director of the Ukrainian Institute of policy analysis and management Ruslan Bortnik believes that it is possible to allocate two groups. “It’s relatively liberal camp – Petro Poroshenko and a group of intellectuals who agree to apologize to the poles, but I think that was and Ukrainian victims, and Ukrainians who rescued poles during the genocide. And there are people on the right who fundamentally do not accept the term “Volyn massacre”, I believe these events of the civil Ukrainian-Polish war, Polish and reject the interpretation of this historical episode,” – said the expert.
According to him, this second group includes not only all Ukrainian nationalists, but the party “national front” Arseniy Yatsenyuk. “Between them and the Polish politicians, of course, after the decision of the Polish Parliament communication more complicated,” – said Bortnik.
Poroshenko is trying to maneuver between the two camps, said the analyst. But mostly the President of Ukraine “demonstrates consent to give, the desire to compromise with the poles, not to worsen Ukrainian-Polish relations,” said Bortnik.
This interviewee believes that it is unlikely to expect a sharp deterioration in relations between Kiev and Warsaw following the decision of the Polish Parliament. “But with the signing of the agreement on the Euro Association of Ukraine, this decision opens the door for Polish citizens a number of opportunities, and legal consequences, – said Bortnik. For example, the opportunity to raise issues of restitution – the restitution of property lost during the Second world war, to bring proceedings for compensation for the death of loved ones in the Volyn massacre – similar to that of the compensation that Germany paid to the relatives of the prisoners of Nazi concentration camps”.
If the call Poroshenko to mutual forgiveness with Poland can be supported by certain elite groups in Ukraine, so obviously it is impossible to tell about similar appeal Savchenko in respect of Donbass. “What made Nadezhda Savchenko, has called “zradoyu” – treason. Savchenko is constantly attacked, called perhaps the “Kremlin’s hand” – and are those same people who just a month or two ago adored her,” says Bortnik.
“Hope is looking for his niche, but, unfortunately, she is not competent polytechnologies, – the expert believes. Her statement is supported by a large part of the Ukrainians – 30%, maybe even 50%. This is to some extent a kind of interpretation that Poroshenko promised in 2014: promises of a speedy peace, stabilization, etc. But at the same time, now Hope comes out with these statements in a very high-level politics, where it does not want to see people that are already – from the global elite, to homebrew: Poroshenko, Tymoshenko, Yatseniuk, and others with them.”
The fact that Savchenko has shown a willingness to seek compromise solutions to the problems that the 2.5 years was not solved “big” Ukrainian politicians and international players, making it an opponent and target, respectively, said Bortnik. Therefore, the expert concludes, not surprisingly, against Savchenko deployed a real information campaign.
“Today everything is much more complicated”
Statement Poroshenko – ‘ rare case when he said all the right things,” he said in comments to the newspaper LOOK Director of the Kiev center of political researches and conflictology Mikhail Pogrebinsky. He recalled that when he was the adviser of President Leonid Kuchma, was also involved in the preparation of the document in the same spirit, said Poroshenko, and the document ended with a symmetric acceptance in Poland.”
Poroshenko apparently said that was a positive experience under Kuchma and Aleksander Kwasniewski, Alexander,” said the expert. He added that it was difficult, but still it managed to create. “Today, however, much more complicated,” – said the analyst.
He noted that the Ukrainians, the poles have anything to apologize for. The Volyn massacre was a real ethnic cleansing by Ukrainian nationalists, with many atrocities and victims. The number of deaths – over 60 thousand, and they were mostly defenseless women, children and the elderly, said Pogrebinsky. After that were the events in Chelm, where he suffered thousands of Ukrainians.
However, the “apologize and forgive” is too symmetrical formula. It is very hard to accept in a situation when the authorities in Poland – the nationalists, and here the nationalists. This work should start, but the success now I’m not sure,” – said the expert. He also added that in his view, genocide is an inaccurate formula for Volhynia as it builds this tragedy on a par with the Holocaust and the Armenian genocide, but there the number of casualties is much higher: know about the 6 million killed in the Holocaust, and about 1 million victims of the Armenian genocide.
“Savchenko develops niche industry
As for Savchenko, Pogrebinsky noted that perhaps someone’s been helping her, but she was a good girl. She is the only person with a high level of confidence, and mainly in the West and Center, says such loving things. Thus, it is expanding into the niche that is now really empty. It gives her the opportunity to lead some kind of political project, have a good chance in the elections”.
Unlike other “cynics and liars”: Poroshenko, Tymoshenko, and others, which, whatever I say, it always seems that they are lying, and the radicals who say what they think, and have minimal public support, Savchenko “has the highest level of support among all Pro-Ukrainian politicians, backed to the West and Center in this support, and wants to play the role of a leader of the peace party. This is a very promising position,” he concluded.
* Organization in respect of which the court accepted entered into legal force decision on liquidation or ban the activities on the grounds stipulated by the Federal law “On countering extremist activity”Related posts: