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Saturday, December 10, 2016

“Juno” was transmitted to Earth the first images of Jupiter from its orbit


The Juno spacecraft, or “Juno”, recently, after many years of travel left on the orbit of Jupiter, sent to Earth the first images of the largest planet in the Solar system. One of these frames was published on the website of the American space Agency NASA, as well as on the page of the mission on Twitter. Space pictures, you can see how the gas giant and three of its four largest satellites IO, Europe and Ganymede.

Pictures taken in the optical range after some time after the spacecraft entered the orbit of Jupiter and was at a distance of about 4.3 million kilometers away. Specialists on Earth got access to these photos on July 10, however, to place one of them have been solved now. The first pictures of the gas giant closeup and in high definition will be made by the probe a few weeks, noted in the American aerospace Agency. It is expected that the public such footage will be presented at the end of August. However, the existing frame is sufficiently visible, many characteristic features of the fifth planet from the Sun, experts say.

Automatic interplanetary probe “Juno” was named after the Roman goddess the wife of Jupiter. The spacecraft was launched in August 2011, and for five years towards the largest planet in its solar orbit crossed about three billion kilometers. In early July it was announced that the probe has finally reached its goal. In orbit of the gas giant it will last for 20 months and will do during this time 37 turns. After that experts will guide the interplanetary station to Jupiter, where she and “drown”. This is necessary to ensure that the fragments of the probe were not on the surface of the satellites of the planet, some of which — primarily Europescientists consider potentially habitable. The picture shows Europe is visible as a white dot, located between the two other satellites and a few above them.

Scientists hope that “Juno” will help to gather additional information on the atmospheric circulation of Jupiter and distribution of water in the atmosphere, the planet’s magnetic field and many other characteristics, as well as occurring on its surface phenomena.

When the probe was quite close to the planet, the Internet was published some shots with it made, however, “Juno”, and various telescopes — the image of Jupiter in the infrared range, obtained using the Very Large Telescope, as well as the combination made by the Hubble telescope images in the optical and ultraviolet range, where you can see the Jupiter Aurora.

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