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Saturday, December 10, 2016

For extending start-3, Russia will supply Washington with its own conditions


Washington would like to extend the most important Russian-the American contract SNV-3. The reasons for this as the personal ambitions of President Obama and the military-political considerations of the US government. However, Russia may go to meet this issue the United States only if you fulfill three key conditions directly related to the U.S. missile defense system.

The influential American newspaper the Washington Post, citing several unnamed high-ranking employees of presidential administration of the USA has reported: according to American officials, Obama wants to reduce nuclear weapons, which he actively supported from the very beginning of your stay in the White house, became part of his foreign policy legacy.

“The Americans understand that they broke the link between missile defense and start, and count them on a new contract is not necessary”

Obama wants to leave a legacy and to demonstrate that not everything in relations with Russia has been a failure, says the publication the motives of the White house. Key in this question is the extension of the start-3. The paper also notes that the White house wants to significantly reduce the program of modernization of nuclear weapons, which is neither more nor less 350 billion dollars.

About such sentiments in the us administration reported earlier, moreover, Barack Obama himself urged the United States and Russia continue to reduce nuclear capacity. So this a news leak to a considerable extent can be trusted.

Critical contract

What is a start-3 and why is it so important?

A bilateral agreement on further mutual reductions in deployed strategic nuclear arms (start-3) was signed by Barack Obama and Dmitry Medvedev in 2010 and entered into force in February 2011. The contract is for 10 years – it expires in February 2021. According to the agreements of the parties, the start-3 can be extended for another five years – just about an extension and is talking to the American administration.

Start-3 provides for the reduction of deployed strategic delivery vehicles (Intercontinental ballistic missiles and heavy bombers) for each side to 700 and up to 1,550 nuclear warheads on them. According to open sources, as of 1 September 2015, Russia had deployed 526 1628 vehicles and warheads on them, respectively, 762 strategic media and 1538 nuclear warheads.

Each of the parties shall be entitled to withdraw from the agreement “if it decides that the related content of the present contract exclusive circumstances have threatened its higher interests” – such a right spelled out in the 14th article of the Treaty start-3.Quantitative and qualitative parameters of the limitation of strategic offensive arms Russia and the United States in contracts SNV-1 and SNV-3

“The output is not relevant, but the opportunity is available”

But more important than that for Russia, the direct relationship of this agreement with the deployment of United States missile defense systems, and Russian officials have repeatedly stated this.

“If the American BMD system will evolve without the participation of Russia, our country will be forced to withdraw from the Treaty start-3 and start increasing their combat capability, despite the recent agreement reached”, – warned the Deputy Chairman of the Duma Committee for international Affairs Andrey Klimov in an interview to the newspaper VIEW, released in January 2011 – when start-3 was preparing for ratification in the upper house of the Russian Parliament.

In may, the Chairman of the Federation Council Committee on defense and security Viktor Ozerov did not rule out Russia’s withdrawal from the start Treaty in response to the deployment of elements of missile defense. At the same time, Deputy foreign Minister of Russia Sergei Ryabkov said: “today, the output from the start is not relevant, but such a possibility exists, and Americans are aware of this. There are no adjustments in our position, this is the same position that existed at the time of signing SNV.

Nevertheless, we can say that after all, the Russian position has undergone some changes. Russian requirements to the United States an extension of the start-3 have increased considerably.

Approach to the reduction of nuclear weapons must be comprehensive, taking into account the potential of not only Russia and the United States, but other countries commenting on reports about the American initiative, said Monday on air of TV channel “Russia 24” Russian envoy to NATO Alexander Grushko. He was commenting on published in the Washington Post publication.

“Contribution to the strengthening of international security, it would be the return of all nuclear warheads on the territory of countries which possess them, what Russia has done. It must be borne in mind that with the reduction in the nuclear arsenals of the major nuclear players, i.e. Russia and the United States, of course, the role of the nuclear potentials of other States. Therefore, from all points of view, the approach should be different,” – said Grushko.

“Russia is unlikely to “dry” renewal”

Russia may not agree to extend the contract start-3, said in Monday and Senator Ozerov. To avoid this, the text must be reflected Moscow’s concern about the deployment of missile defense in the 3rd and 4th position areas, the Senator said in comments to RIA “Novosti”.

Explain that in 2006 the administration of George W. Bush has announced plans for the deployment of the 3rd ABM deployment area in Eastern Europe. This term was actively used in the discussion of the project of construction of a radar station (RLS) in Czechia. In 2009 newly elected President Barack Obama announced the policy changes in the field of missile defense. Washington has refused to deploy missiles in Poland and radar in the Czech Republic, decided to place a naval missiles SM-3 in the Mediterranean and Northern seas, mobile land-missiles SM-3 in Central Europe and “tactical” radar in the South-Eastern Europe.

May 12 this year at the former air base at Deveselu in southern Romania, earned the first object of a missile defense system of NATO in Eastern Europe, which is actually an element of European ABOUT the United States, covering the NATO infrastructure. A day later, began the construction of another such complex in Poland.

Thus, the project of the 3rd position area” ABOUT the U.S. essentially continues to be implemented. 4th position area US missile defense, presumably, can be deployed in the North of Europe. 5th – as expected, in Japan.

The Senator said that Russia supports the idea of strengthening of control over strategic offensive arms and intends to carefully consider the relevant proposals. “But if it would be just about a “dry” extension of the Treaty without regard to our concerns in connection with the deployment of missile defense in Europe, Russia is unlikely to go for it,” said the MP.

In the Federation Council believe that the location of the positional areas of the us missile defense in Eastern Europe is the imbalance of military capabilities. Ozerov recalled that upon ratification of start II by the Russian Parliament has made a reservation stating that the deployment of missile defense could cause Russia’s withdrawal from the Treaty. According to the head of the Committee when the decision on missile defense in the 3rd and 4th position areas, the US explained its need to prevent attacks from Iran. “It is not clear as now, when regarding Iran’s nuclear program resolved all issues, can you explain the focus of these elements ABOUT,” said Ozerov.

“No US missile defense will not save”

Even if the proposal to extend the start-3 will indeed come from the US, to respond to him is not necessary”, – said in an interview with the newspaper LOOK first Deputy Chairman of the Duma Committee on international Affairs Leonid Kalashnikov.

“The Americans understand that they broke the link between missile defense and start, and count them on a new contract is not necessary,” – said the Deputy. He explained that such contracts are prepared in advance, and when the time of their graduation, working groups, experts, generally, have long been working on the next start. To do this, including to travel around the country, watch objects, and more. “Now, they understand that a new contract in today’s conditions is impossible that they themselves ruined a creation of his, decided to break the possibility, “could prolong” – said Kalashnikov.

Kalashnikov recalled that he offered at the time to withdraw from the Treaty. “I now propose,” – said the MP. He explained that the main barrier is from ABOUT the creation of heavy missiles with multiple warheads – MIRV. “The Americans also understand this – go get the missile, which is split in space into multiple warheads. No ABOUT America will not save. Therefore, they offer the start, further reduction of strategic arms – then to cover themselves this anti-missile umbrella, because against a small number of missiles it will be effective”, – said the Deputy.

Three conditions of Russia

Negotiations on further reductions in nuclear arsenals, Moscow will lead in the implementation of the three most important points – suggested a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of defense, chief editor of the magazine “national defense” Igor Korotchenko. First paragraph: all U.S. tactical nuclear weapons from Europe to the United States. Second – when negotiating the required total count of nuclear potential of the USA, the UK and France on the one hand, and Russia on the other. The third point – the Americans would have to sign a legally binding agreement on limiting the deployment of its missile defense systems”.

Korotchenko believes that the waiver of the three points of any negotiations on the reduction of the Russian nuclear potential cannot be considered.

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