In the last century one of the greatest threats to mankind is viral hepatitis. This was stated by experts from Imperial College London and the University of Washington. According to experts, over the years the number of deaths from this disease quite rapidly increasing.
photo: Gennady Cherkasov
Researchers are reminded that there are five types of viral hepatitis — A, B, C, D and E. Some of these types are transmitted through bodily fluids, and mind A and E through contaminated food. According to lead scientists from viral hepatitis in the world dies no less people than tuberculosis, malaria and HIV/AIDS.
The researchers analyzed data on the incidence of infectious hepatitis in 183 countries from 1990 to 2013. The result has been, in particular, to find out that about 96 percent of people who died from the disease , suffered from hepatitis B or C. These types of hepatitis is dangerous because it destroys the human liver and can cause very serious problems with it. In this case, although in some cases hepatitis can manifest itself in fatigue, nausea or jaundice, the disease is often asymptomatic until its consequences become very serious.
For twenty-three years for which data were studied by the experts, the number of deaths due to various types of viral hepatitis increased by 63 percent. In 2013, according to information gathered, from viral hepatitis died of 1.45 million people, while the TB and 1.4 million AIDS — 1.3 million, and malaria — 855 thousand people. Experts note that since 1990 the number of deaths from tuberculosis and malaria per year gradually decreased.