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Monday, October 24, 2016

The Internet has got the latest pictures exploded in the Japanese space telescope

Astrophysicists from Japan and the United States published in the scientific journal Nature article, which talked about the fact that the space telescope Hitomi, though he rapidly destroyed in space, still managed to collect some very valuable information which is now actively used by specialists. Scientists also presented the first and last images of the telescope, which you can see in the nucleus of the galaxy NGC 1275 in the constellation of Perseus moving gas.

Work x-ray Observatory “Hitomi” at first glance doesn’t seem to fit the definition of a success story. The telescope had to be launched into earth orbit on 12 February 2016, but the launch was postponed for five days due to adverse weather conditions. It was planned that the Observatory is designed to expand the research in the hard x-ray band above 10 Kev, will last more than three years. However, a month after the launch, at the end of March this year, the satellite link was lost and at the point where he had to be, scientists have found five objects which, apparently, was its ruins. About a month specialists of the Japanese space Agency JAXA continued attempts to communicate with the satellite in the hope that at least he’s not completely destroyed. However, on 28 April, the mission was officially completed ahead of schedule.

However, according to Japanese and American researchers, even for the short time that the telescope was in orbit, he managed to make several photos, which happened to science are very valuable. The footage, which is now presented to a wide audience, it is possible to trace the rotation of gas clouds around the black hole at the center of distant galaxy NGC 1275. This is the first time that a similar movement of gas experts were able to observe directly. This resulted, in particular, to find out that the gas in the nucleus of the galaxy moving slower than it was before, with a speed of 150 kilometers per second. Also using data from the telescope, found out the mass of clusters of galaxies, which includes NGC 1275 — it was roughly equal to forecasted earlier.

Experts say that now a number of space agencies are considering the possibility of creating your own Observatory that would “replace” Hitomi and collect the information during the Japanese mission to failed.

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