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Friday, February 16, 2018

“Sunflowers” will cover the Western direction

Two more key strategic areas will be covered with a sea of powerful over-the-horizon radar. Device called the “Sunflower” will allow you to track hundreds of even small objects at a great distance – now and in the Baltics and the Black sea.

Two new over-the-horizon radar “Sunflower” will appear in the Baltic and Black seas in 2017. About this “Interfax” said an informed source. And one of the “Sunflowers” will appear in the Crimea. “He will see every warship that passes the Bosphorus”, – said the Agency interlocutor.

“The American Navy is now considering the sea as the scope of its activities. Of course, we need to think about how to strengthen there our control”

Thus, the military value of the Crimean Peninsula will increase. He will not only be the location of the main black sea fleet base, but the location of the most modern and advanced Russian radar. It is possible that there will be also restored the radar system of early missile warning “Dnepr”, which is not operated for more than ten years. The first information that the “Sunflowers” will be placed in the Crimea, appeared in 2014, shortly after the reunification of the Peninsula with Russia.

In 2017, the “Sunflowers” will appear in another strategically important region – the Arctic. Where exactly – not reported. Now on duty there are three such plants: Caspian sea, as well as Japanese and Okhotsk.

Radar system “Sunflower” was adopted just ten years ago. It was developed in 1999, the research Institute of distant radio (NIIDAR), and prior to its introduction to the troops six years. The exact specifications are classified. However, her export option it is possible to judge its potential. In fact, the first demonstration of “Sunflower” and was in international exhibitions. In 2007 it was shown at the International naval show in St. Petersburg, and in the next 2008 – the exhibition “Euronaval” in France.

“Sunflower” refers to the so-called over-the-horizon radar surface – wave allows to detect hundreds of objects at a distance of thousands of kilometers, that is beyond the radio horizon. Specifically, the “Sunflower” the maximum range – up to 500 km away. This radar can simultaneously detect and track up to 300 marine sites (that is to say, the whole Navy of Turkey) and up to 100 of air, and even flying very low, at a height of five meters. The advantage of “Sunflower” and a relatively small deployment time: just ten days. Serve this radar is only three people.

Great opportunities of “Sunflowers” in terms of detection purposes was clearly demonstrated in the spring of 2014, during the exercises of the Caspian flotilla. Here is the radar at a distance of hundreds of kilometers could detect four low-flying aircraft su-24MR, and have transferred data to the patrol ship “Dagestan”, which could conventionally destroy all four objects.

Over-the-horizon radars are actively used abroad. So, in the United States have their own equivalent of “Sunflowers” SWR-1018, SWR-610 and SWR-503, developed by Raytheon. They are used for control of the American Pacific and Atlantic coast. Their functions include not only the tracking of military activity, but also, for example, assistance to combat drug trafficking or piracy.

More powerful but more complex to install system Americans come from Russia. For example, a powerful radar system AN/TPS-71 have with US in Cyprus. It allows you to control the Black sea.

However, the longer the range, the less the probability that radar can detect relatively small objects.

Cause, forced to talk about the imminent deployment of these radars in the Baltic sea and the Black sea, was strengthening activity U.S. and NATO. “The American Navy is now considering the sea as the scope of its activities. Of course, we need to think about how to strengthen there and our control,” he said in an interview with the newspaper VIEW doctor of military Sciences, captain first rank Konstantin Sivkov.

In recent years there have been several incidents involving Russian and Western militaries. So, in January of this year, the Russian su-27 approached the American reconnaissance aircraft RC-135U over the Black sea. And in April, a Russian su-24M flew near the USS Donald cook” in the Baltic sea. There, on the Baltic sea, in June, NATO forces (17 countries) conducted a large-scale military exercises BALTOPS 2016. As reported TASS, which was attended by 49 ships and three submarines.

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