In speech, devoted to the 95th anniversary of the CPC, XI Jinping urged the Chinese Communists to renounce Marxism, adapting it to new realities. But the reality is that the powerful Chinese economy and the enormous Chinese people are suffering from seems to be the capitalist problems of inequality and corruption. Return whether this is China to the doctrines of Mao?
The celebration on the occasion of the 95th anniversary of the Chinese Communist party continued throughout the whole week. The programme and concerts of revolutionary songs, and a ceremony in honor of the daughter of Mao Zedong, and a series of fun videos, later posted on YouTube. In one of them Chinese rappers good English tell the history of China, its pressing issues and on relations with Taiwan, in another requested step by step instructions to join the CCP.
“Today, China is home to more than 2.4 million millionaires. And tens of millions of their compatriots trying to survive on a dollar a day”
The speech of the Chairman of the CPC Central Committee, XI Jinping, became the final chord – and, of course, the most important of all. Due to its streamlined and sometimes mysterious language was hiding the plans for the future of China, and for striking phrases lurks a serious concern of the Chinese leadership, faced with new problems.
Different media outlets quote different phrases from the speech of comrade XI, and it looks like the Chairman of the CPC all the time contradicts itself. On the one hand, he called on party comrades to adapt Marxism to the new realities of Chinese life, that is in fact the capitalist economy. On the other, reminds that if Marxism ceases to be a fundamental principle that “the party will lose its spirit and its purpose” and in the end, “you’re history”.
The Chinese are not used to such a logical somersault. Since the early 1980s, the CCP tried to put a market economy, which really was a country sacred to the Procrustean bed of Marxist theory. A springboard for philosophical thought was the phrase of Mao Zedong that China has entered only in the “initial stage of socialism”. Those Communist party leaders who in the 1980s tried to enter the country in the global market, have made this thesis concludes that to real socialism, China has not yet matured. They caught the desire of ordinary Chinese to live better and not without elegance formalized this in their theory. It was assumed that first, China needs to eradicate poverty and to achieve an acceptable standard of living, and then it will be possible to gradually implement the infamous “from each according to his ability, to each according to his needs”. To achieve real socialism was given from 70 to 100 years (Yes, the Chinese think in long time scales), and until then people were asked to build a good life purely capitalist methods. As formulated, the main advocate of the market economy Deng Xiaoping, “socialism means the end of poverty, poverty is not socialism and certainly not communism.”
Contradictions in the development of Citytec the idea of “Chinese socialism.” It is a word did not mention class struggle or surplus value, but included such odd oxymorons like “socialist market”. But all of this paradoxical rhetoric is not in the least embarrassed by the masses. They saw it as an opportunity to live well, eat sweet and get rich fast.
And the party did not disappoint. Under her strict guidance from 1949 to 2001, China’s GDP has grown 56 times. The country became the second, and on some indicators – first economy in the world. Over the last decade the income per capita in cities grew by 13% per year. Today, China is one of the world leaders in the percentage of homeowners among the population (approximately 90% of Chinese own a house or apartment, and about 20% of urban families own more than one property). For the sake of this opportunities to get rich Chinese citizens, for decades turned a blind eye to what their leaders grew rich faster pace, and the Communist party became the headquarters of the ascetic Commissars in dusty helmets, but the Paradise of rich officials.
15 years ago a faithful follower of Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin asked the party started “to submit claims of development of advanced productive forces of China.” This gentle formulation is meant that the Communist party was invited successful businessmen and entrepreneurs. In fact, they were eager to long ago, realizing that this is the shortest course to public relations and government contracts. In 2004, CPC entered the richest Chinese in the world Liang Wengen, the owner of the state at least $ 10 billion.
Everything went so and further disciplined as the Chinese would have closed his eyes for a split between party rhetoric and reality, however, China’s economy was waiting for a new test. GDP growth slowed down. The yuan was devalued. In January, all the TV screens saw footage of the Chinese with confused, terrified watching the collapses stock prices. The fact that rapidly growing rich and traditionally, gambling the population of China loved to play the stock market like on the run. After several years of continuous growth, the sudden discovery was that the action in a matter of days to collapse in price to almost zero. At the same time, rapidly growing middle class stuck in the credits, and the gap between rich and poor has reached critical values. According to the Organization for economic cooperation and development, in 2016 the richest 10% of Chinese citizens received 9.6 times more income than the poorest 10%, and this gap is only growing. Today China is home to more than 2.4 million millionaires. And tens of millions of their compatriots trying to survive on a dollar a day.
In such circumstances, it is clear why XI Jinping departs from the usual phrases about the “updating of Marxist theory”. Today, worldwide demand normal left Marxism, and China is no exception. The idea of dressing showed its limitations, and ideas of equality and fraternity are now experiencing a Renaissance. However, the return to classical Marxism the Chinese leadership. The party and the bourgeois elite, which almost merged among themselves, to shiver scares the proverbial “left-wing bias”. Behind the left rhetoric of traditional Marxism, they are haunted by the horrors of the expropriation, famine and all the charms of the “cultural revolution”. During this father of XI Jinping – one of the leaders of the CCP – a long time in jail, and the next leader of China was exiled to the village. This identification of socialism and the “cultural revolution” imposed on ordinary Chinese. Today, every one of them nostalgic for the Mao era, can get the stigma of “red guards”, and “left-wing bias” became a serious political accusation. It is, among others, was filed in 2013, one of the most prominent Communist party officials Bo Xilai, and Bo Xilai received a life sentence, officially for corruption).
By the way, about corruption. Trying to walk a fine bridge between the rhetoric of right-and left-leaning, XI Jinping returned to the eternal theme of struggle with it. “Eternal” is not ironic. The Chairman of the CPC has repeatedly stressed that the fight against bribery will never end. Detractors believe that his efforts at cleansing the party ranks of the corrupt is purely selfish: he supposedly just cleans political space from the other clans. However, the scope of “planting” evidence that the Chinese leadership is unanimous in understanding that corruption makes the greatest contribution to social divisions and becomes a deadly threat to the country.
Paradoxically, the most inveterate thieves and bribe-takers are in the Communist party of China. According to the scientific research center named after Woodrow Wilson, 88 million Chinese Communists over the past three years, about 750 thousand were subjected to various disciplinary measures. Among the prosecuted many high-ranking officials, whose processes are widely reported in the press. However, the question is how this purge can reduce the irritation of ordinary Chinese people from the calling of luxury, which continue to live (usually in the West) wives and children of party bosses.
Against this background, most notably that if the Marxist rhetoric of comrade XI ambiguous and cautious about the national interests of China, he spoke quite differently. Politely, but clearly hinted at confrontation between Beijing and Washington, said the US crisis and the European Union and made clear that the military Alliance of China and Russia, NATO would be powerless. Most of those present applauded his phrase about the fact that China will never sacrifice its basic interests, its security and its sovereignty”. It is these – not Communist, but purely conservative and Patriotic passages most liked the audience. Speech, XI Jinping, once again proved that the CCP long ago lost all contact with the ideas of Marx and Mao, turned into an ordinary bourgeois nationalist party. Today, she helps to stay in power and keep the unity of the country the memory of the Chinese people of the colonial past, the understanding that social upheavals could destroy everything that the Chinese worked so hard to build for decades. If this unity of purpose continues, the people and the elite of China have a chance to survive the current difficult period.Related posts: