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Sunday, December 11, 2016

The requirements of the Romanians confirm the need of federalization of Ukraine


The Assembly of the Romanians of Bukovina once again demands from Kiev to grant the territory the status of autonomy. Living in Ukraine, Romanians consider themselves the most vulnerable part of the Ukrainian society and rely on the assistance of Bucharest – especially because many of them have Romanian citizenship. The problem is directly related to the national policy of the Kiev authorities in General.

The Assembly of the Romanians of Bukovina called on the President of Ukraine Peter Poroshenko to give a region of compact residence of the Romanians in Chernivtsi region status of territorial autonomy. This was reported by the coordinator of the Council of the Assembly of the Romanians of Bukovina Dorin Chirtoaca.

“The Kiev urgently needs a transition to a Federal structure is essential for Ukrainian state”

“I have special circumstances

According to her, the rights of Romanians and other ethnic minorities in Ukraine is seriously violated, and autonomy will help to build protective mechanisms. The appeal of the Romanian Diaspora, in particular, noted that the President’s promise about granting territorial autonomy of the Crimean Tatars “has created a legal and political precedent, in which all compactly residing in Ukraine, national communities may qualify for similar status.

“We, the Romanians of Bukovina, have special circumstances for leadership in this matter. Our land until 1944 was the territory of Romania. Our ancestors hundreds of years lived in Northern Bukovina, creating culture and national wealth of this region. While we today are deprived of basic rights and freedoms,” the statement reads.

The Assembly also noted that activists of the Romanian national movement are persecuted, they are not allowed to hold events and forums. Therefore, the organization decided to appeal to the EU, PACE and other international bodies to draw attention to the problem of protection of rights of national minorities of Ukraine.

In recent times Kiev has not heard in his address calls to give the particular region of the country the status of autonomy. In April, the deputies of the regional Council of Transcarpathia took an appeal, which the media interpreted as requiring members to provide autonomy to the region, but the region’s leadership has denied these reports.

But with regard to the claims of the Romanians of Bukovina, the situation is different. Such calls were heard in July last year. Then in Chernivtsi (the city is located just 40 km from the border with Romania) was held the constituent conference of the Assembly of the Romanians of Bukovina, in which participants declared intention to seek a special status within Ukraine – autonomy.

The initiators of the conference were Romanian community in Chernivtsi region. The creation of the Assembly was a response to the unresolved linguistic and educational issues. The organization was created to protect the rights of the Romanian community, to defend its interests at the level of the President, government, Parliament and regional authorities.

Furthermore, as it was noted that in the country there was a war, destroyed industry and agriculture. Among the Romanians of Bukovina the highest in Ukraine level of unemployment, which the region began to leave the youth and working population. Obtain the same Autonomous status will enable the region to more economic support directly from Romania.

Action by the Assembly of the Romanians of Bukovina strongly frowned upon by political elites in Bucharest. To date, more than 100 thousand representatives of the Romanian Diaspora has already issued a Romanian (European) passport. Ukrainian law does not prohibit dual citizenship but does not recognize it (between countries must be an international agreement regarding the status of their citizens, while Ukraine has no such agreements).

After the overthrow of the regime of President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych and the beginning of the conflict in the Donbass in Romania, especially in the press, intensified calls to take advantage of the situation to return “their” territories and “ensure the protection of compatriots in Bukovina. But the official statements of Bucharest about these ideas.

Bukovina is a historical name of the land between the middle Dniester and the Carpathian mountains. in the valleys of the upper reaches of the Prut and Siret. Now this area is part of Ukraine and Romania. Its name, which was first mentioned in 1392, Bukovina received from the beech forests that covered a significant part of its territory.

After the collapse of Austria-Hungary and the proclamation of West Ukrainian national Republic (ZUNR) Bukovina was included in its composition. Power passed to educated 25 October 1918 the Ukrainian regional Committee, but a month later, Romanian troops occupied Northern Bukovina, together with the Chernivtsi where there was fabricated a so-called solution of the General Congress of Bukovyna, which consisted entirely of Romanians, about the unification of Bukovina with Romania.

According to Saint-Germain peace Treaty of 1919, Romania was recognized as southern Bucovina, and the Treaty of Sevres of 1920 and the Northern Bukovina. As a result of agreements between the USSR and Germany the Romanian authorities on 28 June 1940, had left Northern Bukovina. According to the decision of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on 2 August 1940, was formed the Chernivtsi oblast in the Ukrainian SSR.

C the first days of world war II Bukovina was occupied by Romanian troops. In March – April 1944, Chernivtsi oblast was liberated from the Romanian occupation and was re-incorporated into the USSR. The peace Treaty concluded by the allies with Romania in Paris on 10 February 1947 confirmed the frontier between the USSR and Romania as of June 28, 1940.

“It will all end sadly for Kiev”

A member of the presidential Council for interethnic relations, the political analyst Bogdan Bezpalko recalled in conversation with the newspaper VIEW that the territory of Bukovina was included in present-day Ukraine in the Second world war. Of course, in Ukraine, the rights of the Romanians oppressed. Ukraine is the most unsuccessful country on the issue of work with national minorities, the expert believes.

“Since 1990, the Ukraine, despite the fact that it is multiethnic and multilingual state, is a unitary country. Of course, many peoples to the status of national minorities, whose rights had been violated. This also applies to the Romanians of Bukovina and the Transcarpathian Hungarians, and other peoples. In Bukovina there are several tens of thousands of Romanians. Violated their civil and language rights. Moreover, in Ukraine there is no Institute of national autonomy, there is no dialogue among peoples”, – said the analyst.

The source noted that Kyiv still has not ratified the Charter of the national languages of the European international document guaranteeing the rights of national minorities. “Of course, the position is very long the oppression made itself felt. With the advent of the new government in Kiev, the pressure on minorities has intensified. Later, when the Ukrainian government eased the Romanians claimed their rights,” – said the expert.

The political scientist believes that this suggests that the current political and state system in Ukraine has finally outlived its usefulness. “The Kiev urgently needs a transition to a Federal structure is necessary to the Ukrainian state. Force to suppress the national language movement, Kiev is not able. I am sure that Poroshenko will not agree to the demands of the Romanians, he simply ignores them. In the end it all will end is sad for Kiev”, – summed up Bespalko.

So far the Kiev authorities categorically rejected any possible federalization, arguing it fears the collapse of the Ukrainian state.

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