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Saturday, December 3, 2016

The world needs a psychiatrist


None of this deals with the history (distant and close), mark Rozovsky in the theater “Nikitsky gate.” Proof — “the wolf Man”, the last premiere of this season. This time the master turned to the famous psychoanalysis of Dr. Freud, by which tightly linked the past with the present, looking to the future.


photo: Michael Guterman

The wolf man (Alexander Masalov) with Rayna Perugina.

The center for non-ideal smoothness of the screen on the back of the stage — the wolf face with unblinking blue to the transparency of the eyes and the grin is scary. And on the stage — office with simple furnishings appropriate to the nature of medical institutions, which comes a strange patient, once undergoing treatment from Dr. Freud. The doctor there: here only the followers of his teachings — psychiatrist Aneta Gardner and her assistant rosemary, a very spectacular leggy blonde, like a ballet dancer. The man looks around fearfully, just a wild animal, trapped from the forest to the city. But a former patient is not dangerous, although if it was qualified by Freud as “the wolf man”.

So all this is not fiction, and the wolf man was a real prototype. Is Sergei Pankeev, who was born in 1886 in Odessa in the family of the landowner. In 1905, he graduated from the gymnasium and entered the University. Together with his mother and older sister Anna made a trip to Europe, and in 1906 Anna committed suicide after (that’s strange) visiting the place of duel of Lermontov in Pyatigorsk. By 1907, Sergei showed signs of depression, on the advice of his father, he appealed to the Russian psychiatrist Bekhterev and German Emil Kraepelin. In 1910-1914 years, Pankeev was treated by Sigmund Freud. In 1920 Sergei lived in Vienna and worked as an insurance agent.

That’s the story formed the basis of the play Rozovsky, where everything is mixed up, sickness, the passion with painful symptoms, sex (where without it), the controversy about the teachings of Sigmund Freud, which is one part of professionals was considered a quack and the other a genius. And private life against the backdrop of historical events that shook the world in the 30‑ies of the last century: the occupation of Vienna by German troops, the organization of the concentration camps, the mass extermination of Jews. The wife of a man-wolf, the Jew Teresa, anticipating his terrible fate, overcome by the gas. The wolf man to their children’s neuroses was a kitten in front of a century-wolf, with the ferocity of a wild beast tearing humanity. And all this under well-disturbing music of Mahler. History because of the proposed innovation and its realization on the stage looks at one go.

Acting triangle Alexander Masalov — Ryan Proudest Linda Lapins — perfectly copes with its task. Masalov this season played great Karenina in performance “Anna Karenina. Lecture” and “the wolf Man” demonstrated the ability to subtly, without pressure to conduct psychological line role. His partner — debutante “Nikitsky gate”, a bold Linda Lapins — turned out to be a very promising actress. Its role is most advantageous and allows a few moments of transformation, with the actress doing a great job.

Interview after the show with mark Rozovskiy.

— Mark G., why you turned to the writings of Freud, which still has a wave nature? You torment of his psychoanalysis, how many?

— No, I Freud is not bruised, which, I think, reflected in the play. I really believe that the world is now more than ever needs the psychiatrist, and the fact that today we are often inadequate, is a fact of our reality. Some consider Freud the adventurer, the other a great scholar, but the fact remains that Freud cured a lot of people, and his method works. Although I’m no expert and can’t judge, but from the point of view of the theatre, Freud gives a large scope to the theater, psychological first and foremost. Because if you connect the Stanislavsky system with the psychoanalysis of Freud, the theatre will benefit from this.

— Working on the play, you were diagnosed?

— No, I just read books: the Freud about it — their great variety. But the story of the wolf-man I wrote and I wrote not so long ago the play “Harbin‑34” based on real events. In any case, Freud for me — a reason to reflect an entirely different subject: the man in the meat grinder of history.


photo: Michael Guterman
He’s with Linda Lapins.

And it is not clear who is the wolf.

Yes, people fly into a rage, lose their human self and become wolves, predators, victims. Moreover, predators and victims can transform into both. That is today the inadequacy that we see in the behavior, and in our condition, — the result of some global processes. It seems to me, is an attack on humanity, and in the twentieth century, with particular strength evident: Hitlerism, Stalinism.

My hero, refined Russian nobleman, the white Russian is a very bright man, sensitive, honest, but he fell ill of a mental disease, and Freud treated him. But that was after… came the era of fascism, war and then the postwar period, etc, etc. Like the world would come, but it had to survive, but happiness was not. And there was human loneliness, it resplendant human “I” in connection with the loss of real happiness. And around violence, violence and more violence…

— To what extent have you used in the Hesse novel “Steppenwolf”?

— Not used: Gusevskiy the text is also written under the influence of the research of Freud, but “Steppenwolf” is an absolute fantasy, and then in the “Steppenwolf” there is no hero like Russian people. I, of course, all the names changed: it’s still my fantasy-based documents. After all, there are memories and the wolf man, and the memories of other doctors. He was diagnosed with “an obsession with transformation”: he himself transformed into a wolf result of a child’s dream. A belief in the profound mystery of dreams as manifestations of the hidden inside human processes — all that remains. Therefore, psychoanalysis is necessary for everyone: it is necessary to pass the test. Unfortunately, reliability of this test is no, so on the street go crazy, nonsense people, seemingly normal. Specialists such diseases, and the arts, particularly theatre, is obliged just to delve into the human “I”. And then there are points of contact.

— It is clear that the world has gone mad — this is only the lazy does not speak.

— Say one thing, but to explore… of Course, there were the artists who put life on it, say, Bergman, Tarkovsky was not alien to these approaches. But they are the creators, not the doctors. They were interesting people from this angle of view.

From the file “MK”

43 known clinical case of psychoanalytic practice, Sigmund Freud, however, of these works the best known are the five describing the work of psychoanalysis with different mental disorders. Among them — the story of a children’s neurosis, known as the case of a man with the wolves, describes the psychoanalysis of psychoses and borderline States.

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