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Wednesday, March 21, 2018

The most powerful icebreaker in the world will ensure Russia’s leadership in the Arctic

Russia confirmed its position in one of the most technologically demanding industries of shipbuilding – the icebreaker. Launched nuclear-powered icebreaker “Arktika”, the most powerful and the largest of the existing nuclear-powered ships. After him, the system will include two more. They are designed to strengthen the position of Russia in the Arctic in General and Northern sea route in particular.

The world’s most powerful nuclear-powered icebreaker “Arktika” was launched at the Baltic shipyard in St. Petersburg. Launching is one of the most important stages in the construction of the ship. Further, the icebreaker is going to be finished, then will start downloading it in reactors of nuclear fuel. The release on mooring trials scheduled for late 2017.

“Nature has put us into the ice, and the sooner we shed these shackles, the sooner will give the opportunity to turn the Russian power”

“Arctic” will be the lead vessel of the new project 22220 will give rise to the group of nuclear-powered icebreakers, necessary for development of the Arctic and the strengthening of Russia’s presence in the region. Power type ЛК60 icebreaker (project 22220) – 60 MW. Its length is 173,3 m, width – 34 meters, displacement – 33.54 thousand tons. The nuclear icebreakers of project 22220 will be able to overcome the ice thickness up to 2.9 meters and hold court with the capacity up to 100 thousand tons.

“It’s hard to overestimate what has been done by our scientists, designers, shipbuilders. There is a sense of pride for our country, the people who created this ship,” – said the speaker of Council of Federation Valentina Matvienko. Following the tradition of shipbuilders, she broke the champagne bottle on the hull of the submarine. Prior to this, the rector of the Nikolo-Bogoyavlensky Naval Cathedral held a baptism icebreaker. Next, factory workers carried out the cutting of suderinta device, with which the ship was kept on the stocks, RIA “Novosti”.

“Today in the ranks there are several Atomflot nuclear icebreakers, including the nuclear-powered submarine of project 10521 “50 years of victory”, built at the Baltic shipyard in 2007. The new Arctic will be the first nuclear icebreaker, built since then,” says the newspaper LOOK Director of project 22220 novel Chernogolovsky.

Icebreakers builds only Russia, or rather the Baltic plant. In the nuclear shipbuilding Russian companies occupy leading positions in the world. “Even if suddenly someone came up with the idea to order, say, a nuclear-powered icebreaker abroad, the contractor of such order to find would have failed. Russian shipbuilders are still the only Builder of nuclear-powered icebreakers”, – said the newspaper VIEW, representative of the United shipbuilding Corporation (USC) Roman of Chernigov.

“Our country has a unique nuclear icebreaker fleet. The construction of a universal nuclear-powered icebreakers highlights its unconditional leadership in this area”, – said the newspaper VIEW, General Director of Atomflot Vyacheslav Ruksha.

“If you look at a map, you’ll see that the vast territory of the Russian Federation addressed to the Arctic ocean. Come to mind the words of the great Russian Admiral Stepan Osipovich Makarov. He very precisely defined the meaning of the icebreaker fleet for our country: “Russia with its facade facing the Arctic ocean and therefore no nation is interested in ice-breakers over us. Nature has put us into the ice, and the sooner we shed these shackles, the sooner will give the opportunity to turn the Russian power” – said Ruksha.

The uniqueness of the icebreaker

The main feature of nuclear-powered submarines of a new class – two-sedimentary design, which will allow you to use them simultaneously in Arctic waters and in estuaries of polar rivers. This allows one new ship to replace two older class icebreaker “Arktika” and “Taimyr”.

“Icebreaker is equipped with a double-reactor power plant with the main source of steam from the reactor plant of a new generation RITM-200 with capacity of 175 MW, designed specifically for this vessel,” – said the head of the project 22220 novel Chernogolovsky. The installation is almost two times lighter and more compact, accordingly, cheaper in material consumption and occupies less space on the ship, and therefore more cost effective.

“The new national system of submarine propulsion. Earlier, the Russian icebreakers have been predominantly staffed foreign electrical equipment”, – says the representative of the United shipbuilding Corporation (USC) Roman of Chernigov.

In addition, the design service life of icebreakers the new series will be 40 years, in contrast to the previous, for which he was 22-25 years.

“Theoretically, we can assume that nuclear-powered icebreakers, a new competitor powerful diesel-electric icebreaker. But the practice suggests otherwise, ” says the newspaper LOOK Director General of “Atomflot” Vyacheslav Ruksha. Power nuclear icebreakers allows them to maintain commercial speed of vessels and, as a consequence, to fulfill contractual obligations. Autonomy fuel of nuclear icebreakers is four to five years, depending on the intensity of the icebreaker. While diesel-electric icebreaker of the same capacity – 55 mW – would burn in a day approximately 300 tons of organic fuel. To ensure the autonomy of the voyage within two months would have to have a supply hopper up to 20 000 tons. Want to increase its autonomy – lead a caravan of tankers. At the same time its sediment would be 12-13 meters, which does not allow to work on most of the waters of the relatively shallow Arctic seas.

Power and autonomy are two key advantages of the new Russian icebreaker.

Leadership in the Arctic

It is planned to build three icebreakers of project 22220, the “Arctic” – the head submarine series LK-60Я – only the first swallow. It will be delivered on 31 December 2017. The first serial icebreaker “Sibir”, founded last year, will be commissioned on December 25, 2019 second serial icebreaker “Ural” (tab expected this fall) will pass on 25 December 2020. The cost of two serial nuclear icebreakers of project 22220 is for 84.4 billion rubles.

New court needed to replace existing nuclear submarines which become obsolete. Nuclear fleet now consists of six nuclear-powered icebreakers, one container ship and four ship maintenance. Their decommissioning will occur in the coming years and will last until 2025.

The important thing is that the new icebreakers should ensure Russia’s leadership in the Arctic and the growth of cargo transportation along the Northern sea route. The Northern sea route in the future may become the main competitor of the southern routes through the Suez and Panama canals.

“Icebreakers of project 22220 will be able to provide year-round Postings throughout the waters of the Northern sea route. They will provide pilotage of vessels carrying hydrocarbon products from the fields of Yamal and gydansky peninsulas, the Kara sea to the markets of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans,” – said the newspaper LOOK the head of Atomflot.

The contract with Atomflot signed by the companies “NOVATEK” and “Gazprom Neft”. They will employ nuclear fleet for several decades. “Arctic” from 2018 will provide the export of liquefied natural gas in the framework of the project “Yamal LNG”, said the head of Rosatom Sergey Kiriyenko.

In 2015, the NSR was transported to 5.39 million tons of cargo, of which about 2 million tons of building cargoes for the Yamal LNG project. With access to the production facilities of the projects of the companies “Gazprom Neft” (“Gate of the Arctic” – 8.5 million tons of crude oil ) and NOVATEK (Yamal LNG – 16.5 million tonnes of liquefied natural gas) growth of freight traffic in the water area of the Northern sea route will be increased to 25-26 million tons, said Ruksha.

In addition, the construction of icebreakers supports technological basis of the Baltic factory and the competence of Russia in this sector and contributes to the development of related industries. “We know that one ruble invested in shipbuilding, gives the impact on related industries the four–five rubles. For example, the components for this ship – cylinders and condensers for steam turbines manufactured at Ural turbine plant and electric propulsion system for icebreakers of this series delivers Krylovskiy center,” says Roman of Chernigov.

In General, according to experts, by 2030, to ensure year-round liner vessels to strategic sites of the Northern coast of Russia it is necessary to additionally build at least 40 new icebreakers of different classes, including the replacement of retiring diesel-electric.

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