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Tuesday, February 20, 2018

Brought an intricate mathematics formula of happiness

A group of scientists from University College London, tried to imagine the happiness of man in the form of mathematical formulas with the seven variables. Results the researchers shared on the pages of the scientific journal Nature Communications.

photo: morguefile.com

In order to find out what factors can influence a person’s happiness, the researchers invited 47 know each other volunteers. In the first experiment, each participant was offered at their discretion divide a sum of money between themselves and a stranger. After this, the volunteers were asked several times to play a game of chance, and each participant knew how much he had won or lost one of the others. The participants could give up the game and get a small amount of money.

Of course, in General, the participants liked to win than to lose. However, everything else was a bit more complicated than it might seem at first glance. If the participants won, in most cases, they were even more happy if the winner remains and their “partners” — otherwise, really enjoy the victory prevented many pangs of conscience due to the fact that someone less fortunate. At the same time, those who have lost, often even more upset if you knew their partner was able to win — in this case, it was difficult not to feel envy. The specialists noticed that those study participants who were the most generous during the first part of the experiment were more prone to guilt, while the most greedy, as a rule, were most envious.

Taking into account the various factors they discovered, scientists have made the following formula, which can calculate we game happiness:

In this formula, t means the number game, w0 — a “normal” level of happiness of a person. γ in the range from 0 to 1, the coefficient decreasing as the person about the game forgets CRj — compensation received in case of failure from the game, EVj — the average size of winning, RPE — difference between awards and expectations. W4 reflects a sense of guilt in the case, if the participant Rj, happiness which is “measured”, won more than not familiar to him personally “partner” Oj. W5, by contrast, reflects the envy felt, if the Respondent Oj was more fortunate.

According to the researchers, they obtained the formula allows you not only to think about the multifaceted nature of happiness, but also to raise a number of more abstract questions in the first place, about how social inequality affects the attitude of people in society. The most valuable in their study, the experts call the fact that various scholars seeking to understand the nature of happiness, practically did not consider the impact on this measure of generosity in the way in which it was considered now.

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