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Saturday, December 10, 2016

MS-21 will usher in a new era for the Russian aviation


In Irkutsk there was first rolled out since the Soviet Union the modern Russian long-haul aircraft. This project should be not just commercially successful, and innovative. MS-21 will bring the Russian civil aviation in the world. Russian airliner promises not just to stand on a par with “Boeing” and “Airbus”, but also to exceed them on a number of parameters.

Corporation “Irkut” (part of UAC) 8 June 2016 held a ceremony of rolling out the first aircraft MS-21-300, designed for flight tests.

“It’s called “major League”. And we in no case, must not this higher League to disappear”

Speakers at the ceremony of rolling out the Prime Minister of Russia Dmitry Medvedev said: “This is a huge victory for the Corporation “Irkut”, our scientists, our designers, our engineers, our workers. Your hands, of course, with some support of the state, created the modern Russian aircraft industry”.

“A new project in the aviation industry for obvious reasons – it is not cheap. In General, States that have developed aviation, – very few of them. And it’s called “major League”. And we in no case, must not this higher League to disappear. Therefore, we work for the future and we will continue to update the fleet of Russian civil aviation” – promised Medvedev.

In his opinion, the demand for new aircraft MS-21 will rise as soon as he starts to fly.

The first flight of MS-21 will be held until the end of this year. Start of serial production is expected in 2017. And at the end of 2018, the airline will first get the liner for commercial exploitation. It will be Aeroflot.

MS-21 will be presented in two versions: MS-21-300 to 160-211 seats and a shortened version of the MS-21-200 on 130-176 seats. Certification of the first version is planned in 2017-2018, the second version – in 2019-2020

Comparison with competitors

MS-21 is the first in the modern history of Russia the project of creation of the main plane. Still, we lived through the Soviet reserve – and here grown to your own product”, – says the head of the Avia.<url>” Roman Gusarov.

For the first time Russia competing against the world’s aircraft manufacturing companies Airbus and Boeing. Major competitors – this is an improved version of the Airbus A319neo and the Boeing 737 MAX (ramacharitmanas, that is, with improved engines), as well as Chinese development of the Comac – C919.

“Boieng aircraft A320neo and 737 MAX, which are now on the market offer improved performance in fuel consumption and a reduction in direct operating expenses. The price is higher than their neremontolrigoden version. While MS-21 is marketed as a plane that gives even greater advantage than ramacharitmanas bestsellers, but for the price prenotazioni aircraft,” – says Oleg Panteleev from the “Airport”.

So, the developer says that the operating characteristics of MS-21 is reduced by 12-15% compared to current generation aircraft and by 6-7% compared to their remoteservername version, i.e. with Boieng A320neo and 737 MAX. Reduced operating costs achieved through reduced fuel consumption and reduced aircraft weight.

Cruising speed of MC-21 higher than its European rival – 870 km/h vs 828 km/h in Airbus. Even the 737 MAX with its 842 km/h inferior to the Russian ship. “If you calculate how many kilograms of design has one passenger seat with a similar layout, the MS-21 will look better than his rival – says Oleg Panteleev. – It will have the same engine as the A320neo, from the point of view of fuel consumption, but the MS-21 will have less weight and better wing in terms of aerodynamic characteristics, which will provide additional benefits”.

The cost for the catalogue of one of the liner MS-21 is 85 million dollars. While Airbus A319neo is from 97,5 to 124,4 million dollars depending on the modification, and the 737 MAX from 90,2 to 116,6 million dollars.

Emission of harmful substances into the atmosphere from the MS-21 was reduced by more than 20% compared to existing analogues.

In addition, the designers reduced the turnaround time of aircraft at the airport by as much as 20% compared to competitors. Coupled with better fuel efficiency and the weight of the airline will be able to additionally earn up to $ 3 million for operation of MS-21.

“He has 10 extra inches with the diameter of the fuselage that allows you to make the aisle wider: when one person at the time of planting puts their belongings on the Luggage rack, the other can behind him to go further deep into the interior. This significantly reduces the time of embarkation and disembarkation,” says Panteleev.

The design of the passenger cabin and toilets also makes it possible to accelerate the process of cleaning the aircraft and prepare it for a new mission. This will allow airlines to increase the plaque and, if necessary, to compensate for delays and keep punctuality.

“Those few minutes that you save during a revolution of the aircraft at airports – a very significant advantage for large airlines. If a few minutes multiplied by several dozen aircraft, and also take into account that the very MS-21 flying a little faster than its competitors, it appears that the airlines can do a lot of work with smaller quantity of planes” – Panteleev explains.

And, of course, the widest cabin in its class needs to provide a new level of comfort for passengers and crew of MS-21.

Russian know-how

Another constructive advantage of the MS-21 is the use when creating new composite materials. The share of composites in construction is about 40%.

But the most important thing that the MS-21 composite wing is. Moreover, the technology of manufacturing the wing differs from that in the West. “The Boeing-787 Dreamliner and the A350, as you know, the wings are also composite, but they do them for a different technology. Our technology is cheaper and allows to make the wing easier. We actually were able to take developed by the Austrian technology companies, much to transform, develop and bring to production. In the future this technology can yield even better results, that is, will provide significant superiority of the wing created on the Russian technology, above the wing, created by traditional technology used in Europe or America,” – says Oleg Panteleev.

We are talking about technology infusion manufacturing of composite wing box MS-21 aircraft. Russia was the first to use this technology on a commercial scale especially for the manufacture of large aircraft structures. The so-called black wing allows to increase the aerodynamic quality of the aircraft in cruising flight.

Photo

United aircraft Corporation in advance of the first published image of the interior of the promising Russian airliner MS-21 – as the cockpit and passenger compartmentthe”Intelligence” of the aircraft

Another important point is associated with intelligence aircraft – software containing the algorithm and the functions of the control plane. All of this was developed by Russian experts from the “Irkut”, TSAGI and other companies within the KLA.

“As a result, the MS-21 aircraft has received largely foreign element base the implementation of Russian and often do not have analogues of ideas as to how to fly a plane,” says Panteleev.

“The control system of MS-21 aircraft has many features – the so-called protection against the fool, which no foreign aircraft, and such, which wasn’t even SSJ. Although the SSJ was in this respect very advanced,” adds aviation expert. We are talking about the improved safety of aircraft and reducing the risk of human factor in management.

Panteleev gives several examples. When he crashed over Sinai Airbus 321, there were reports that the previous airline was permitted to touch the aft fuselage of the runway.

“Another Tu-214 was invented and implemented a system that prevents the pilot during the takeoff run the nose up so that the plane struck the tail. On the SSJ-100 this feature was also implemented. And now it is on MS-21. But due to the fact that the MS-21 is very large wingspan, for the first time was a restriction not only on the scoring of the nose, but also on the angle of roll, so that when landing, the plane did not hit the ground wing or engine nacelle (where the engine is located),” says Panteleev.

The control system of MS-21 will prevent the plane from the so-called stalling, which occurs if the aircraft nose up and lose speed. “The plane loses stability and collapses on the wing, and bring it out of this mode difficult. For the MS-21, even if the pilot would pull the wheel to themselves, he will be able to increase the angle only to the maximum but still safe value, but go beyond, he can not” – said the source.

Russian engineers managed to appreciate even the how to behave the plane in icing conditions, i.e. when the wing has formed ice. In this case, the critical angle, saving from scoring nose and “stall” the plane will be even less.

Another example is Kazan and Rostov Boeing 737. “During the investigation of these incidents it was noted that during the missed approach, the pilots move the levers to the engine control (or adjust button), and the engines go into elevated mode, that is to take off in the second round. And since the engines are under the wing, they create the so-called Cabriole the time, or, in other words, turn up the nose of the aircraft, ” says Panteleev. – Automation in MS-21 if you change the operating mode of the engine or by the release or cleaning of the air brakes automatically parries Cabriole moment. If you thrust the engines tend to turn the plane around so the nose is lifted up, the Elevator control system maintains the aircraft in the same position as before the change of thrust,” says Panteleev. This kind of functionality in the MS-21 is still a lot, he says.

All this automation allows you to reverse the side effects “manual” control of the aircraft.

“Yes, perhaps, components from abroad, but Russia has assumed the most significant role in the development of know-how. Russia, first, came up with these functions of the control system, and secondly, integrating them into the units of foreign production. Maybe chips and we took someone else, but we don’t give foreigners your ideas – how to implement it. We received what now surpass its competitors”, – says Oleg Panteleev.

Heart liner

Finally, Irkut offers customers MS-21 the choice of the new generation engines of the two manufacturers. The first PW1400G from the American Pratt & Whitney. The second turbofan engine PD-14 is the latest and fully domestic, from the United engine Corporation (UEC). Russia for the first time since the collapse of the Soviet Union is building a new engine. It was developed specifically for the MS-21. In November 2015, the APC started the flight testing of PD-14.

As he told the General designer of the Permian of “aircraft Engine” Alexander Inozemtsev, the PD-14 must ensure the superiority of MS-21 aircraft on the A320 and Boeing-737 and to ensure parity with the engines that will be installed on upgraded aircraft A320neo and Boeing 737 MAX.

“The PD-14 is the first 20 years of development in civil engine manufacturing at the highest level. And production technology we had to learn from scratch. We may not be ahead of everyone on the planet, such as titanium blades are already doing abroad, but it is important that we ourselves learn to do it better than the competitors”, – says Oleg Panteleev.

Technical feature PD-14 – the application of the uniform compact inflator that allows you to create a whole family of aircraft engines of a thrust from 12.5 to 18 tonnes and industrial gas-turbine units (GTU). This means that the PD-14 will be able to apply in various types of passenger and cargo aircraft. That is, modern and completely domestic engine in the future to obtain not only the MS-21, but the same SSJ 100, and even Russian helicopters.

Firm orders

The success of the liner is defined at the stage of its development, to the real output of the production line. And the main criterion of success is the number of negotiated solid contracts. And success in the global market provide orders from foreign companies. At the moment there are firm orders for 175 aircraft MS-21 and another 100 options. Among operators – the Russian “Aeroflot” and UTair and Red Wings. Until, of course, there is a demand from the Russian companies, although appear and foreign customers. In November 2015, six aircraft ordered by the Egyptian airline, Cairo Aviation (a subsidiary of KATO Investment) plus an option for another four MS-21 airliner. Among the potential buyers are airlines of Iran and Tanzanian airline Air Tanzania.

Negotiations with foreign suppliers are conducted, however, without obtaining the European certification of aircraft deliveries abroad impossible. And this will happen until the fourth quarter of 2018. And then will begin delivery of planes to airlines. And then, depending on the incubation periods of the manufacturer and confirmation of characteristics you can count on foreign markets”, – said the Director of “Avia.<url>” Roman Gusarov.

He is confident that the planned production volume – 70 aircraft per year by 2023 – will be fully redeemed, including foreign airlines. At the same time, half of the planes can go to cover the needs of the domestic market. Panteleev also has no doubts in the commercial success of MS-21, unless he successfully passes all the tests and confirm the declared characteristics.

MS-21 medium-haul aircraft, and this class is the most popular not only in Russia but throughout the world. According to estimates by producers, the demand for it worldwide is more than 20 thousand aircraft. If Russia will sell 1000 of these aircraft, it will be for her the execution of a program-maximum. Thus for the world market of 1000 aircraft is only 5%, says Panteleev.

As for Boeing and Airbus, the success of their upgraded ships out of danger, given the already contracted volumes. Therefore, for a place in the global market will have to struggle the Russian and Chinese aircraft.

“Planes of this dimension is a huge market and it continues to grow, so place it, in principle, can find and “Irkut” and the Chinese ship, – said Panteleev. – All the airlines operating aircraft of this dimension – and their more than 350 pieces in the world, is interested in the fact that there was a third manufacturer, who violates the established monopoly. And if this manufacturer will offer a good product, it will improve the situation on the market and get your piece of the pie”.

And the Russian liner the chance to win foreign markets are higher than a Chinese rival.

“C919 will use the same engines from CFM International LEAP, both on the A320 and B737. This is the newest generation. MC-21 will also be the engines of the latest generation. But the Chinese use the traditional material in the fuselage and wing are metal. Therefore, the MS-21 wing will be lighter and aerodynamic performance,” says Panteleev.

In terms of comfort or trafficking aircraft C919 is also not offering any kind of superiority, because the volume of the fuselage just 1 cm more than the A320. The comfort of the MS-21 promises a lot faster than a Chinese rival.

However, MS-21 go left even the most important and unpredictable phase of flight and other testing, confirmation of all specifications and certification. “The moment of truth – what was designed on paper and made in metal, will need to confirm in the sky,” says Roman Gusarov.

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