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Thursday, March 15, 2018

Casket Putin will show in the Kolomenskoye Palace

Lacquer miniature painting Fedoskino turned 220 years. The jubilee fishery will celebrate in a big way: in the Kolomna Palace of Alexei Mikhailovich on June 16 will open the exhibition, which will present a rare 800 painted boxes. Some of them created as a gift to leaders of government and the monarchy in power: Brezhnev, Khrushchev, Putin, Queen Elizabeth, the Swedish Royal family, Prince William and Kate Middleton, the Queen of Denmark Margrethe II… the Owners of the treasures lent to them especially for the exhibition, ahead of where we went in Fedoskino and learned how today masters produce miracle-box.

photo: Ksenia Korobeinikova

The suburban village of Fedoskino is situated on the banks of the river Ucha. In 1795 the Moscow first Guild merchant Pyotr Korobov founded a factory of products made of papier-mache. But the heyday of lacquer miniatures began only 20 years later, when the head case was the son-in-law of Korobov – Lukutin Peter. For the high quality products he has got the right to her branding, that is on the inside of the products was placed a Golden double-headed eagle and the names of Lukutin. And made caskets in the merchant’s house, where there was a school of painting (the Museum of folk crafts).

– The roots of Fedoskino lacquer miniatures are looking for in China, and in Europe, German factory Henry Stobwasser, izgotovlenie-the-box – says head of Department of the Moscow regional Museum of folk crafts Love Rogativa. – It is from Germany wrote specialists to teach Russian craftsmen manufacturing products made of papier-mache. Our artists have mastered the technique and German pasted on the product pictures. And when painting them taught Moscow painters, jewelry boxes shone through the fabulous scenery, red girls and native spaces. Then the realization began to cooperate with the Imperial court: the Imperial family gave the box to foreign monarchs.

photo: Ksenia Korobeinikova

Today caskets are made from the same technology as 200 years ago – by hand. A large sheet of cardboard is cut into narrow strips. You put them into the shape of the future boxes, glued it with paste, primed and dried for two weeks. The next step is to dip the form into the pot with linseed oil. Then it is dried in the oven. Then using hammers and pliers bring yet another box to perfection and polished. And then begins the most important stage – painting.

photo: Ksenia Korobeinikova

On the small form perform the miniature masterpieces of world art. Expertly copying any of the masters: Rembrandt, Perov, Aivazovsky… Among the most popular motifs of lacquer miniatures – tea, divination, Troika. “Mostly we write in a realistic manner: the architectural landscape, still life, portrait. If you made a mistake in painting, you always fix it – nothing goes waste. After painting, lacquer covered box. Used to take up to 15 coats of varnish, now limited to three. It depends on the quality”, – says the artist Olga Kosheleva.

photo: Ksenia Korobeinikova

Work on one item takes 4 to 6 months depending on the complexity of shape and size. In Fedoskino Fedoskino is the branch of the Higher school of folk arts, where grade 9 is taught the art of lacquer miniatures. Production skills here and learn from textbooks, and from under the hand of the master. However, after graduation, a few come to work in a factory. Take the most talented. For example, in Soviet times it employed 300 artists, it’s only 50: two of them are less than 30 years, and most over 50. They continue to work in the classical tradition of painting, but not afraid to experiment with non-traditional genres. Create boxes in the genre of fantasy, modern and even avant-garde. 220 years later, and doing it with consummate skill.

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