As you know, a prison of Nations V. I. Lenin called tsarist Russia, but, as demonstrated by our recent history, the Empire designed for their national Borderlands a more comprehensive and effective integration strategy. Metropolis needed the loyalty of the national provinces, and it received its powerful civilizing influence. The same task in the new historical circumstances have arisen today — the formation of solidarity and the all-Russian civil identity, repeatedly, starting with a basic article on the national question 2012, said the Russian President. But still formulated in article abstracts and have not been translated into real ideological projects. It is strange that Putin uttered words about “the great mission of Russian bind civilization, to fasten in such type of state-civilization, where there are no national minorities”, was so miserable practical embodiment. Between the North-Caucasian region and the center of the formed information, social, cultural and humanitarian vacuum, and while the void will not be filled full-blooded, mythology and misinformation about the region is increasingly isolate him from the rest of Russia. Russian world as a civilizational project leaves the Caucasus mountains.
How quickly blown away by the recent Soviet friendship of the peoples! And 100 years ago in the Caucasus was a huge melting pot of the Russian Empire, which for some 50 years since the end of the Caucasian war in 1864 was able to create a Pro-Russian military aristocracy and the national intellectual elite, as evidenced by the participation of Caucasians in the Russian-Japanese and First world war, the history of the “Wild division”, where the children of yesterday’s opponents came to defend the throne of their Fatherland.
But the trajectory of the future catastrophically collapsed. The revolution of 1917 was a shock not only for Russia itself but also for the Caucasian world. The subsequent emigration of Caucasians together with the Russian white guard made outside of the Motherland passionate layer of the intellectual elite, nurtured by the Empire. Working with personal archives Caucasian white guard, we found a very curious feature of the mindset of most part of the Caucasian emigration: a strong commitment to the monarchical idea. Upon arriving in the country, they continued to be the Russian Imperials. And although the views of the Caucasian emigration on the future of the region in the Soviet Russia, were controversial from the idea of complete independence of the Caucasus Confederation as part of Russia — even this separation positions existed in the context of highland-Cossack solidarity. They all share a common past in the cadet corps, studying in Russian universities, military service. There, abroad, Russian, Cossacks, highlanders, they remained subjects of one country.
What a powerful ideological resource contains constructors for a modern national policy this theme! Everything you need to know about the North Caucasus, to understand its specificity has already been formulated in Russian history, especially in the XIX century, when Russia just to touch mastered the region, opening the way for its colonization.
Recipes Empire is extremely useful today, Russia is a democratic, if not tired of her favorite Russian attraction with a rake. “Whether the Caucasus for the future good of Russia or not. According to the decision of this question should be one of two things: either to be consumed on this edge enhanced means, or leave him forever” — so in June 1857, wrote the Caucasian Governor-General (read — envoy) A. I. Baryatinsky, the king’s brother, Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolaevich. Two years later, in August 1859, the first in the Dagestani village of Gunib will be captivated by the Creator of the Imamate of Shamil. But for this to happen, two years were filled with decisive action.
The problem of personnel for the Caucasus was the special care of St. Petersburg. It happened not without the personnel of punctures, but mostly people in the Caucasus were sent educated and competent.
Is to listen carefully to those Imperial pioneers, who for 20 years prior to the end of the Caucasian war began the formation of political and socio-economic system that is attractive for the local population. In 1844, at the request of the head of the Ministry of war A. I. Chernyshev officials toured the Caucasus in search of a peaceful conquest of the region. “It is necessary that the Caucasian has found for himself the same use belong to us, how much we in keeping it, — noted in his memoirs an adjutant Prince Gagarin, — the more I beheld the enchanting beauty of the Caucasus, his especially stately residents seemed brave, sharp-witted and obedient, the more criminal and hateful that I thought were illegal management”. Someone from modern “architects” of possible strategies at least once questioned their own incapacity, analyzing publicly the reasons for their failure without the write-off on “indestructible Caucasian theft”? And even more, still not found among high officials of the daredevil who would honesty of Prince Gagarin said: “Nations before us are quite loyal, only feed us the sense of mystery of hatred, or contempt, or insurmountable incredulity”.
Since then, little has changed, except that a political entourage, but the overall feeling that the story rewinded the tape back. We have stopped designing the future together, and then the inevitable search for a new model of national existence. To do this will be the generation born in the 1990s. This future Russian elite unknown melting project of the Soviet era (at least Imperial), the symbol of which was the Academic ensemble of Moses. He was replaced by the chorus, but without soloists were not only folk dance, today many on the dancers. The Soviet Empire were cultured types, “sovereign democracy” — brands. Powerful Russian actress Rimma Markova from “petticoat government” moved the witch in “Night watch”. Of public space has vanished faces, face, personality. More fuss extras — snouts and muzzles. Instead of the Word — verbal necrophilia. That doesn’t mean the idea is dead in Russia, thank God, it pulses with its open spaces, pushed to the periphery and in narrow scientific niche.
Civilization “Russia” is a small group of appointees gilded elite. Russian culture no longer produces a bonding of the senses. Not heard of intellectuals-the national intermediaries between worlds, cultures and societies. Disappears type of Russian man, who pinpointed the writer Vasily Aksenov: “Russian — the one who participates in the circulation of Russia”.
There is not a single political party, ideology and practice which would correspond to the modern Caucasian situation. We got lost between the “special way” and “sovereign” conservative democracy”. Nor that of any other project in place of the North Caucasus are not indicated. For svyatonossky patriots Izborsk club and the reigning liberals of the Valdai region is not an appropriate subject of politics. For those and other North Caucasians — ignoramus Russian democracy. There Zhirinovsky with his proposal to surround the Caucasus with barbed wire and ban all birth is the recognition of clowning. The main thrust of liberal intelligence is reduced to the assertion that the feudal Caucasus to upgrade is not able, except that according to Sharia, and the Federal government relies on clans and traditionalism. This was recently reported to analysts Kudrinsky of the Committee of civil initiatives.
It is obvious that the North Caucasian society was at the mill two political and civilizational projects — the arrogant ideologically, economically aggressive neo-liberalism and the sovereign of patriotism rooted in the soil. How will react the North Caucasus to the possible weakening of all the major functions of the Russian state? Calculated the response of the region to the very real collapse of the political and managerial model for Russia? Not in the traditions of mountain culture a demonstration of their own economic failure, do not wait for Highlander classic “revolt of the hungry bellies”. Much more tragic for the North Caucasians injustice and humiliation, overwhelmed by the spirit, loss of face…
The North Caucasus is highland local agrarian civilization with all its attendant socio-cultural settings. In the mountains no subjects, and there is a community of free citizens, where the tradition was a plebiscite where a man had to prove his self-sufficiency, where the woman was protected by public institutions, where personal freedom was the highest value. The Caucasus had its own Agora, throbbing civilian life. Legally prescribed on the European continent the right of citizens to resist tyranny in the Caucasus mountains was consecrated by the traditions, mentality and tradition. North Caucasian Gorskii civilization — the prototype of modern civil society, therefore, the civil hibernation in the region — a malicious illusion.
Want ago, in the “prison of peoples”! A strange desire for Circassian, well knowing the tragic page of the history of his people. Yes, the Empire conquered always brings its surprises. But in the estimates of history and geopolitics must be a reasonable balance of mind and heart. Big country always needs more people, it lifts them up to the scale of your task, and then on the national idea work “peoples quarrels forgotten”. And if Russia has clearly defined its place in the global hierarchy of Nations and peoples, when the third Millennium is radically reshaping the world, the Caucasus has gained a respectable niche in the country as a unique, not lost-identification of the region where the powerful roots of the tradition still clings to the trunk of the national character.
Civilizational gap between Caucasian and Russian cultures is obvious, and it’s not forcing the topic, and absolute reality, over the years, finding more reinforcement in the generation of 20-30-year-old. Film festival “Kunaks”, which deals with inter-ethnic issues and is held under the slogan “Different faces — one destiny”, already 10 years, by means of cinematography collects in a single image the many faces of Russia. This year, when we showed the House of nationalities in Moscow, the award-winning films from different parts of the country, in the discussion that followed from the lips of the young was: “We are all different and we can’t come together. We the people of different civilizations, Russian and Caucasian. We just have to learn to live together”. Perhaps for the first time so dramatically were those words uttered pretty accomplished young people occupying their niches in the capital. In their words there was no aggression and just trying to figure out how to live together. And to this question you have to answer as soon as possible.Related posts: