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Monday, March 19, 2018

In the Netherlands will grow to experiment on human embryos

The Dutch authorities ready in the near future to allow the growing of human embryos for further participation in the experiments. This was stated by the Minister of health of the Netherlands Edith Shippers. She said that experiments of this kind could help childless couples to have children, and to allow science to step forward in the fight against hereditary diseases.

photo: Gennady Cherkasov

As explained by the Shippers, we are talking about the number of amendments in Dutch legislation, which will create in the laboratories of embryos for research purposes (so far as such he was allowed to use only excess embryos remaining after IVF). The process of growing the embryos for such a purpose will be strictly monitored and have clear limitations, promised edit Shippers.

In particular, the Minister assured that scientists will have to strictly comply with the so-called “rule of 14 days”, according to which the growing embryo older than two weeks are for research purposes is prohibited. This limitation is due to the fact that after 14 days in the human embryo begins the first processes that contribute to its formation as a unique living being.

The question of the use for research purposes human is acute for a long time, and there are many different opinions on where is the line between what is necessary for the advancement of science and medicine, and that is unacceptable from an ethical point of view.

In the beginning of this year in the UK were allowed to edit the genes of a human embryo. Before such experiments were conducted only in China, where the corresponding experiment was conducted to test the applicability of the method for genome editing called Crispr-Cas9 to people. And recently, genetic modification of human embryos for research purposes was approved by the authorities of Japan.

In the USA about a month ago, a group of biologists from Rockefeller University, for the first time were able to support the embryo in vitro for 13 days. This period was a record and at the same time the maximum allowable by law: in the United States “14 days rule” is also valid. However, researchers are forced to interrupt the experiment, expect to raise the issue of revision of “rules for 14 days” and to organize a wide public discussion of this proposal.

Some scientists make very bold theories as to what will the practice of experimenting with human embryos in the future. In particular, geneticist Hank Greely from Stanford University in late March suggested that in the foreseeable future people will refuse to have sex as a way of procreation and will resort to genetic engineering to create “designer babies” who will inherit only the desirable traits of the parents.

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