In the media appeared disturbing news, citing the Federation of restaurateurs and hoteliers of the Russian Federation after 1 July alcoholic drinks may disappear from a small provincial public catering places, and most importantly – from all hotel mini-bars. However, the investigation “MK” has shown that it is at least far-fetched. And independent experts, and representatives of Rosalkogolregulirovanija (RAR) argue: there is nothing to fear – who will work according to the law, and not only for No. 171-FZ, reguliruyuschego the alcohol market, but, most importantly, under paragraph 1 of article 429 of the Civil code, prohibiting illegal business activities in this area will provide consumers with what they need.
photo: Natalia Muslinkina
From 1 July this year, at full capacity will work yegais (unified state automated information system – “MK”). We are talking about almost complete state control over the production, wholesale and retail trade, including in the latter case, not only shops, but also restaurants, bars, including the “mini” in hotels, as well as imports.
The government expects that sharply reduced the counterfeiting. By then the budget will receive next year an additional 40 billion rubles excise duties.
The goal, of course, good. In the conditions of crisis each ruble from the budget weighs more than its nominal value.
But the problem is how to really work a complete system of USAIS. Many remember that her first (not very elaborate) introduction in 2006 has led to the complete disappearance of retail and restaurants all imported alcohol. This affected not only consumers, but also the budget, not doschitalis excise duties from imported alcohol.
The errors of the previous years by Rosalkogolregulirovaniye, apparently, were taken into account. For a start, under USAIS were connected only to manufacturers and wholesalers. Then on July 1 this year, the same needs to be done retailers as well as restaurants and bars. Before April 1, they were supposed to connect to the corresponding test mode.
And here came the problems. The software was quite expensive and complicated. Besides not taking into account all the realities of Russian market. Note that in any developed country there is no similar systems. However, they have very different traditions of the relationship with the tax authorities.
As a result, according to the Director of the center of researches Federal and regional alcohol market (FIGURE) Vadim Drobiz, law-abiding alcohol market is rapidly shrinking: “in the first quarter of this year from the legal field took 10 of thousands of retail stores.
At the same time, warns Drobiz, in the segment of the shadow retail is bucking the trend — illegal point of sales by the number of seriously dominate legal. As of April 1 of this year to 225 thousand licensed stores accounted for at least 600 thousand illegal, including the sale of homebrew alcohol.
But the expert concerned retail chain. By the way, other experts are slightly more encouraging. According to them, the number of individuals deprived of licenses of shops does not exceed 8%. A large network with everything already figured out what is going on with restaurants placed in the hotels, and most importantly – with the alcoholic contents of the mini-bars?
Recently, the Federation of restaurateurs and hoteliers (Frio) distributed through the number of media information, that everything is bad. Hotel restaurants and bars will no longer be able to buy alcohol at retail stores to continue to pour it for the guests. The same thing, supposedly, waiting and mini-bars in the rooms. Of them, according to the head of the Frio Igor Bukharov, will completely disappear, all spirits products.
But is it really?
But as said Bukharov: “Rosalkogolregulirovanie draws the attention of heads of organizations engaged in the retail sale of alcohol products in public catering enterprises, in accordance with paragraph 1 of article 429 of the RF Civil code the seller is engaged in the retail sale, shall deliver to the buyer the goods intended for personal, family, domestic and other use not connected with entrepreneurial activity”. That is, “the alcoholic products realized at retail, cannot be used for purposes of entrepreneurial activity”. Otherwise it is a violation of the principles of market regulation. Just like in the 1990-ies, when the grandmother at night resold at inflated prices vodka, bought them day in conventional stores.
Therefore, as explained by the PAP, even in accordance with the provisions of the Federal law No. 171-FZ (adopted in 1995) retail shop or a catering business has the right to purchase alcoholic beverages only from a wholesaler, or directly from the manufacturer licensed.
And USAIS nothing to do with it. If any of restaurateurs still buying alcohol in shops, it is, according to RAHR, has long been simply violating the current law.
And last: about the mini-bars in hotels. To explain the PAP from the 1st of January of the current year, the organization providing the catering services including mini-bars, are required to pass in USAIS the information only on bulk purchase of alcohol and released from the transfer of information in the unified state automated information system on the retail sale of alcoholic beverages.
This means that mini-bars must be full, despite fears of Igor Bukharov. The main thing – to act only according to the law.
P. S. as for the rumors about the payment for mini-bars, even if you never use them, then the Lord Bukharov and Drobiz called it in an interview with “MK “complete nonsense”, so as to force to pay not used by the consumer service again prohibited Ledger.Related posts: