Ukrainian destroyers numerous symbols of the “Russian world”: monuments to Lenin, the Communist symbols and symbols associated with Imperial Russia – has received a feedback from the local community. In a country increasingly fixed vandalism directed at monuments, the so-called “national heroes of Ukraine”. Who makes it, what caused it?
A monument to Hetman Ivan Mazepa, which opened in early may in Poltava Petro Poroshenko (President of Ukraine emphasized that “the Russian is anathema to Mazepa should be a true Ukrainian glory”), in the night of Thursday spilled paint. On Thursday have informed in the main Department of the national police of Ukraine in Poltava region.
“If you start to break down someone else’s characters, someone’s monuments, followed by a response – in relation to your own characters”
According to law enforcement, the issue of opening of criminal case under article 296 of the Criminal code of Ukraine (hooliganism). The sanction of this article prescribes punishment in the form of restriction of freedom for up to 5 years.
This is not the first recent case of attacks, objects which become symbols of the “new Ukraine”.
“In Sumy, there were cases when new signs “Ulitsa Stepana Bandery” attached is “noisy Streets”, simply poured on each house paint,” – said on 7 may, the head of the Sumy regional organization of the Opposition bloc, the Deputy of regional Council Alexander Strelchenko. In March in Zaporozhye unknown broke a memorial plaque to the volunteer battalion “Carpathian Sich” Danil Kasyanenko, installed shortly before that, through the efforts of the office of nationalist party “Freedom” and opened with the participation of priests of the Uniate Church, as reported by the local media. Then in oril’s’ke village, Kharkiv region unknown broke a memorial plaque in honor of the fighter, APU, who died in the area of “special operations” in the Donbass.
Such cases occur not only in the South-East or in the Central part of Ukraine, and refers to Poltava, but even in Western Ukraine. In April in Rivne unknown was destroyed monument to the participants of the “evromaydana”, officially referred to as the “heavenly hundred”. Earlier in February, in the city of Khmelnytsky was attacked a memorial to those killed on the Maidan and during the so-called “anti-terrorist operation” in the Donbass.
In some cases we are talking about simple hooliganism or an attempt to cash – for example, in March in Western Ukraine Drohobych, vandals sawed off at the monument to Pope John Paul II’s arm holding a cross. The bullies wanted to take the extracted non-ferrous metal for scrap, but when I found out that the sculpture is made of material not valuable, I threw a chip near the monument and disappeared.
But as said in an interview with the newspaper LOOK Director of the Ukrainian Institute of policy analysis and management Ruslan Bortnik, in most of the incidents with the monuments you should see “political struggle”.
Repression and terror in Ukraine, Criticism of the government as “separatist bias”
Modern Ukrainian political reality, in fact, leaves no room for open expression of civil protest, if we are not talking about the protest right, from nationalists. As previously noted by the Director of the Center for Eurasian studies Vladimir Kornilov political scientist, by “Pro-Russian” or “separatist” sentiment is brought any criticism of the current government and the ATO.
So, about two weeks ago a search in the house of the chief editor of the Odessa edition “Timer” Yuri Tkachev ended with the sending of a journalist for questioning in the SBU, and at the same time Pro-government media reported that the resource “Timer” “often publishes materials with a separatist slant”. In March the security Service of Ukraine reported about the detention in the city of Ternovka of Dnipropetrovsk region local blogger, who, as reported in the SBU, through social networks tried to create a “Pro-underground” in the Dnipropetrovsk region.
“With me were people of different professions – there were entrepreneurs, and mechanics. But all the political, – told in interview to the newspaper VIEW Odessa journalist Artem Buzila, which is itself only one part in the usual round table was charged with “separatism”. In the next cell sat the Deputy of the city Council of four convocations, the leader of the organization of Afghan war veterans Oleksandr Lutsenko. If I was charged under two articles, it – at 14! Starting from the coup attempt and ending with the seizure of public buildings and attempted murder of the MP. And he didn’t do anything at all.”
The lack of opportunities for public expression of disagreement and may push for a symbolic expression of dissent – as a mirror response to the passion of the Kiev authorities and nationalist activists of the “monumental de-communization and de-Russification.
“In Poltava in one night destroyed three signs in honor of “heroes ATO”
“In the last two years, Ukraine was swept by a wave of vandalism – we will not talk about the countless demolition and desecration of monuments to politicians, said in his vlog Donetsk military commentator Denis Seleznev. – Similarly demolished a memorial plaque, installed in honor of people who were not politicians: underground fighters and partisans of the great Patriotic war, or more recent memorial plaques – for example, in the memory of the slain journalist Olesya Elderberry”.
But it’s a double-edged sword, said Seleznev. “If you start to break down someone else’s characters, someone’s monuments, the answer, of course, the opposite side believes that it is entitled to do the same in relation to your own landmarks, symbols and the like,” – added Seleznev.
If you look at Ukrainian regional channels, we can see that almost every day throughout Ukraine establishes new memorial sign “heroes ATO”, “they must have hundreds,” says Donetsk browser. “Local residents usually all the same, it is only concerned about “asset” and relatives, – tells Seleznev. Typically at these events catching students or military personnel, who make doleful look and assert the required forty minutes. This happens even in Western Ukraine, in Ternopil, for example, where people holding flags at the official part of the event, didn’t even know who opens the sign”.
In this case the reverse process, Seleznev said: “Send a message that these plates break, remove, erase. In Poltava in one night destroyed three such signs”. In the same Poltava unknown “distinguished” destruction “not only plates, but also the graves of “heroes ATO”, especially from the Nazi battalions like “Azov” and “Donbass”. Even had to organize duty in the cemeteries,” says Donetsk browser.
The attack in Poltava and was subjected to the monument “to heroes of the Heavenly hundred”, which was set near destroyed statue of Lenin. As for the monument to Mazepa, that, according to Seleznev, this is the second case of vandalism in the past month. “This is a consequence of the fall of the cultural level in Ukraine, and natural fruit supported by government and put into the act of vandalism”, – concludes the Donetsk browser.
“The three main characters: Mazepa, Petliura and Bandera”
“A rejection of historical figures, which by and large, only in a completely distorted history are national heroes, and in fact, they are the shame of Ukraine”, – said in an interview with the newspaper VIEW political scientist, former chief editor of the Ukrainian edition “Kiev Telegraph” Vladimir Skachko.
According to him, in Poltava, the spiritual center of the whole Ukraine and the Ukraine, now this resistance is an understanding of place, which is this little town in the history of the Russian Empire and Ukraine, in “the history of relations between the two peoples, which, however, are related”.
“Ukraine’s problem is that she has three main characters: Ivan Mazepa, Symon Petlyura and Stepan Bandera. All these people are recognized as fighters for independence of Ukraine. But as history shows, they fought for their power in Ukraine, price of Ukraine and Ukrainians. But to create someone, they began strongly to mythologize, to ascribe non-existent properties and acts. By and large the role of Mazepa in Ukrainian history came down to the fact that he demanded his own primogeniture the Principality of Vitebsk in Belarus, and the Ukraine were handed over either to the Swedes or the poles. In Swedish archives, this information is documented and known. In Ukraine, they Zarathushtra,” reminded spike, adding that the same thing happened with Petlyura, who had created the Ukrainian people’s Republic and by and large wanted to keep their own power in a piece of Ukraine, and with the poles to pay for this government of all right-Bank Ukraine: Galicia, Volyn…
As for Bandera, he led his organization of Ukrainian nationalists (OUN) was obliged to serve the Fuhrer of the German people to Hitler and together they fight and destroy the Jews, poles and Russian.
“It is a monstrous perversion. It’s an attempt to put everything on its head, to call black white and Vice versa. Poltava resists this. The population does not accept the reformatting of the country and the implementation of a new perception of reality, a new history. All natural” – summed up Vladimir Skachko.
Commander of the order of Judas
Hetman Mazepa, who, according to Poroshenko, “is it true Ukrainian glory”, until 1708 pursued a successful career at the Moscow throne: 1687 he became the Hetman of Zaporizhia troops left Bank of the Dnieper, and from 1704 – Zaporozhian both sides of the Dnieper. In 1700 he was awarded the title of Chevalier of the order of St. Andrew and was one of the closest associates of Peter I.
In 1708 Mazepa secretly defected to Sweden, which led to a war with Russia, after crossing into the camp of the Swedes together with the Hetman’s Treasury. However, the first troops of Peter I, conquered and destroyed the capital of Hetman Mazepa’s Baturyn, but after the defeat of the new European patron Charles XII at Poltava in 1709, Mazeppa escaped to the Ottoman Empire and died in the city of Bendery.
For betraying the oath in Russia, Mazepa was betrayed civil penalty of deprivation obtained from the king of titles and awards, and the Russian Orthodox Church has betrayed Mazepa anathema. Peter I ordered to make a single instance of the order of Judah, a 5-pound metal circle, which was supposed to “reward” the fugitive Hetman for treason.
Now the portrait of Mazepa emblazoned on the banknote of 10 hryvnia. In 2009, then President Victor Yushchenko established an award – the Cross of Mazepa”, which is awarded including for merit in state activity.
Then, when Yushchenko, in honor of Ivan Mazepa was renamed the street of the January uprising in the Pechersk district of Kiev (the historical name of the street – Nicholas). Mazepa street is now in Kharkiv, but their greatest concentration is observed in the West of Ukraine – in honor of Hetman named streets in Lviv, Rivne, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ternopil, Lutsk and several regional centers.
Monuments to Hetman installed in Kyiv, Chernihiv, Baturin and one of the villages of the Chernigov region, in the ancestral village of Mazepyntsi Hetman Kyiv region, as well as in kerhonkson, new York (also known for the fact that here was established the world’s largest garden gnome).
As for the monument to Mazepa in Poltava, then the decision on its construction was taken by the city Council in 2008, again under Yushchenko. But the monument was only recently.Related posts: