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Wednesday, August 23, 2017

In the French cave was found a mysterious building of the Neanderthals

A group of scientists from the University of Bordeaux discovered in the French cave Bruniquel construction, to create which could only Neanderthals. This discovery provides a new look at what level of development reached by the descendants of the first representatives of the genus homo who have settled in Europe.

For a long time about the cave Bruniquel (or Bruniquel), located in the South-West of France, it was not known, because the entrance to it was blocked with stones. However, in early 1990-th years, in a cave were able to penetrate 15-year-old schoolboy Bruno Kowalewski, partially dismantled dam. Earlier, the boy’s father suspected the existence of the cave, drawing attention to the subtle currents of air between the stones. The cavers into the cave, found inside puddles of water, stalactites and stalagmites, as well as bones and other evidence that in the very distant past, there lived the bears. While experts are convinced that for many decades the cave was empty, reports theatlantic.com.

When the scientists moved up to 336 meters in the cave, where they waited really out of the line opening in Front of them appeared a room in which several stalagmites were intentionally broken and their fragments laid out in such a way that it was formed by two geometric figures: the inner circle, reaching a width of nearly two meters and the outer one oval, the diameter of which ranges from four to seven meters. Further study of the “buildings” showed that it could not create any natural processes, no bears. Thus, experts have come to the conclusion that the mysterious figure folded people. Their purpose remains a mystery, although the researchers suggest that such circles may have some religious or cultural significance.

Having studied the stones in the early 90-ies of the last century, experts came to the conclusion that their age is 47 600 years, but two decades later, a new group of scientists decided to double-check these data using more modern technology, and got very different number — according to the researchers, the structure was made of about 176 500 years ago. If the new data is accurate, this means that the circles of stones in the cave were not laid out ancient homo sapiens, and the more ancient inhabitants of Europe — the Neanderthals. This, in turn, could mean that the culture of Neanderthals was much more developed than is commonly believed today.

Experts note that the construction studied to some extent represents the oldest known analogue of Stonehenge — the famous structures built thousands of years ago on the territory of modern England.

The work of scientists published in the journal Nature.

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