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Saturday, December 10, 2016

Astrophysicists have penetrated into the mystery of the origin of supermassive black holes


Scientists from the American space Agency NASA, approached the answer to the question that remained a mystery for astrophysicists for a long time — as in the Universe are formed supermassive black holes. According to experts, the penultimate step in this process is the collapse of huge gas clouds.


photo: ru.wikipedia.org

Experts report that with the help of space telescopes “Hubble” and “Spitzer” they were able to detect objects with very high probability may be the “seeds” of supermassive black holes. As astrophysicists say, if this discovery is confirmed, it will serve as the key evidence to one theory of the origin of these objects, whereby they appear due to the rapid collapse of gas clouds, bypassing the intermediate stage of the process.

According to modern concepts, supermassive black holes are at the center of virtually all large galaxies, including the milky way. As the researchers note, they were able to detect supermassive black holes, millions or even billions of times greater than the Sun mass, which was formed less than a billion years after the Big Bang (current age of the Universe is estimated by experts approximately 13.75 billion years). This is contrary to one of the existing theories, according to which black holes reaching epic proportions, were originally much smaller, but blended with each other and inhaled the gas, thus increasing in size. However, such a process would have to be very long, and therefore discovered supermassive black holes are simply “not yet” would become significant in the young Universe (due to the fact that these black holes are very distant from us, we see them as they were very long). According to scientists, this means that the opposite is true on the theory that supermassive black holes are of enormous size and incredible weight from the moment of its birth.

A new study published in the scientific journal called the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.

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